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IELTS Agree Disagree Essay Sample Answer - IELTS Liz
a p analysis essay You’ve been staring at your blank computer screen for what feels like hours, trying to figure out how to start your analytical essay. You try to choose between writing the or disagree essay prompts, introduction first or getting right into the meat of it. But somehow, it seems too difficult to do either. Literature! What you need is is a blueprint—a foolproof way to agree or disagree essay get your essay structured. Then all you have to phd thesis do is fill in the blanks. By Anonymous [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons. What an Analytical Essay Is—And What It Isn’t.
Helpful, right? Um, not so much. First, it might be more useful to explain what an analytical essay isn’t before getting to what it is agree or disagree prompts . Piracy Thesis! An analytical essay isn’t a summary. Though this may seem obvious in agree or disagree essay theory, it’s more difficult in practice. If you read your essay and it sounds a lot like a book report, it’s probably only summarizing events or characters.
One way to figure out if you’re summarizing instead of analyzing is to look at your support. Are you simply stating what happened, or are you relating it back to yale university your main point? Okay, so what is an agree or disagree essay analytical essay, exactly ? Usually, it’s writing that has a more narrowed focus than a summary. Thesis! Analytical essays usually concentrate on how the book or poem was written—for example, how certain themes present themselves in the story, or how the use of prompts, metaphor brings a certain meaning to a poem. In short, this type of essay requires you to look at the smaller parts of the work to essays help shed light on agree prompts, the larger picture. An example of a prompt—and the example I’m going to use for the rest of cereal instructions, this post—could be something like: Analyze the theme of sacrifice in the Harry Potter series. (Note: there might be some spoilers, but I figured everyone who was planning on reading the agree prompts, books has done so already—or at least has seen the movies.) One Way To Form Your Analytical Essay Outline. There are quite a few ways to organize your analytical essay, but no matter how you choose to write it, your essay should always have three main parts: I’ll get into writing, the nitty-gritty of this soon, but for essay, all you visual learners, here is a nice representation of thesis, all the components that make a great analytical essay outline.
You can see that I’ve added a few more details than just the introduction, body, and conclusion. But hold your horses—we’re getting to prompts those parts right now. Introduction of Your Analytical Essay Outline. The purpose of your introduction is to get the reader interested in your analysis. The introduction should include at least three things—a hook, your thesis statement, and a sentence or two describing how you intend to prove your thesis statement.
1. You gotta hook ‘em from the start. The first part of your introduction should draw the reader in. This is called the hook. The hook should be interesting or surprising. You can achieve this by writing better legal, asking a rhetorical question, giving some relevant statistics, or making a statement that’s unusual or controversial. For my Harry Potter example, I might say, “Since the publication of the first book in the Harry Potter series, Harry Potter and the Philosopher’s Stone , some Christian groups have attacked the agree essay prompts, books for promoting witchcraft.
However, one of the main themes of the books draws inspiration from Christianity itself—that of sacrifice.” Okay, so that’s two sentences. But it’s got a little bit of controversy and relates to on being what the rest of the essay will discuss. 2. Agree! Get to the good stuff—write a killer thesis statement. Okay, so now that you’ve got your reader hooked, you need to guide start getting to the point. This is where the thesis statement comes in. My thesis might be, “The theme of sacrifice is agree prompts prevalent throughout the music, series and agree or disagree essay, is embodied as sacrifice for essay citizen, the greater good, sacrifice for an ultimate gain, and sacrifice to keep a promise.” 3. Or Disagree Prompts! It’s time to back up your thesis. Let the reader know how you’re going to prove your claim. For my example, I would let the bertha eyre, reader know that I intend to analyze the instances of Harry’s “death,” Voldemort’s sacrifice of his soul in exchange for immortality, and how Snape sacrifices in order to honor a promise made to Lily Potter.
These points will be the building blocks of the body paragraphs. Body of or disagree essay, Your Analytical Essay Outline. The body is where you can start to get really creative and play around with formatting. In the flowchart, there are three body paragraphs. But that’s because I was trained in the 5-paragraph outline.
But you can include as many or as few body paragraphs as you want—as long as you end up thoroughly supporting your thesis. For my outline, each body paragraph includes a topic sentence, followed by three sets of claims, evidence to support those claims, and how that evidence ties back to report instructions the topic sentence. Again, three is not necessarily a magic number here. You could make one claim with a lot of or disagree essay, evidence, or five claims to support your topic sentence. But let’s get into it, shall we? 1. Develop a strong topic sentence. Each topic sentence in each body paragraph of your analytical essay outline should tell the reader exactly what that section is writing legal going to be about. My first body paragraph might start with, “Harry Potter is willing to fulfill prophecy and make the ultimate sacrifice—that of prompts, his life—in order to save the rest of the wizarding world.” 2. Make your claim.
The claim should dive into music piracy thesis, a smaller part of the overarching topic sentence. The topic sentence I gave can be broken down into several smaller claims—that Harry knew that he was fulfilling prophecy, that he was actually willing to agree essay prompts die, and piracy thesis, that his death would be of profound significance. 3. Essay Prompts! Provide evidence from the guide, text to back your claim. Agree Essay Prompts! You can’t just go around making claims without any support. You can use quotes or paraphrase parts of the better legal essays, text to add evidence.
For evidence that Harry knew that he was fulfilling prophecy, you could cite the instance in the hall of prophecies with the quote, “and either must die at agree or disagree essay, the hand of the other for neither can live while the other survives.” 4. Writing Better Legal! Tie that evidence to the topic sentence. You have to make it absolutely clear why you included the evidence. Or Disagree! If you don’t, your analytical essay runs the risk of being a summary. For example, with the literature review, citing of the prophecy, I would tell the reader that Harry and his friends found said prophecy and figured out that it had to be about him (although there are objections that it could’ve been referring to Neville, but we’ll leave that out of this example). Essay Prompts! They knew that either Voldemort had to die or Harry did, and he had to be willing to do that. They’re not needed in the outline, but when you write your final essay, be sure you include effective transitions. This will help your essay flow. Conclusion of Your Analytical Essay Outline. Yale! After you’ve built up all of your body paragraphs, given the agree or disagree essay prompts, appropriate evidence to back your claims, and tied that evidence to your awesome topic sentences, you’re ready to wrap it all up.
The conclusion should be a brief restatement of your main points without being a direct copy. Writing Essays! For example, “There are many motivations behind sacrifice—to help others, to help oneself, or to keep a promise to a loved one—and J.K. Rowling explores several of them through the characters in the Harry Potter book series.” This, of agree prompts, course, does not suffice as a full conclusion. To fill it out and give the cereal book instructions, reader a sense of closure, you can relate the agree or disagree prompts, theme to the real world or end with a final quote from the text or the author. Better! Use This Downloadable Analytical Essay Outline as a Guide. Agree Or Disagree! Easy, right?
I know you’re pumped to get started, but before you do, I have a template for the analytical essay outline for you to download. Of course, your instructor’s directions will trump mine, so if they say to report instructions do something a specific way, I won’t be offended if you take their advice over agree prompts, mine. And don’t forget about the better essays, Kibin editors. When your analytical essay is all typed up, they can help you make sure that it’s as good as it can get. Psst. Agree Or Disagree Prompts! 98% of Kibin users report better grades! Get inspiration from over 500,000 example essays. Music Piracy Thesis! About the Author.
Eden Meirow is a self-employed freelance writer with a passion for English, history and agree or disagree essay prompts, education. You can find her on Google+. dis was absooltelee fantasteec thxc you 4 de owwline. awesome! Glad you liked it. #128578; @naomi_tepper:disqus Oh my Gosh! this was amazing thank you so much! This helped a lot with my Economics essay for Humanities 6 World Studies! Woot woot! Happy to help. #128578; Thanks for the comment. This is undoubtedly very much helpful#8230; Thanks a lot. You#8217;re welcome! Thanks for the comment and thanks for reading. #128578; Hi#8230;.Eden thank you for writing legal, orienting me on how to structure an analytical essay. because of many reasons which i don#8217;t like to agree or disagree essay prompts name writing an analytical essay has been my Achilies Hill.
Your effort in writing this article has thrown much need light as far as I#8217;m concerned. I look forward to cereal report instructions your reply on the question of structuring of analytical political essay on issues like say Affirmative Action or Constitutionalism. Thank you for your kind words. In regards to essay writing a political analytical essay, it varies depending on the course and the requirements of your instructor. However, you can follow the same advice in essay on being citizen this post. Introduction with a hook and agree or disagree essay prompts, thesis, body paragraphs that make claims with evidence to support those claims, and a conclusion that wraps it all up. Bertha In Jane Eyre Essay! The main difference is that you#8217;ll have to or disagree essay prompts do more research than reading just one book. (And make sure to cite your sources.) I hope that helped!
Thank you, this will help ? This was really useful I went through so many websites the finally got this one. Sweet! Glad you found it helpful. hi this is great. Fabulous! Happy to help. A Responsible! How would I write an or disagree essay prompts analytic essay using dramatic conventions?
I#8217;m supposed to write an essay on The Tempest from Shakespeare using dramatic conventions and I#8217;m not doing so well at understanding how to do it. Literature! basically it#8217;s also asking me #8220;how dramatic conventions make the reader see characters in a certain way. Please respond to this if you can. I think that I would devote one body paragraph to each of the or disagree essay, dramatic conventions that you#8217;re covering in your paper. For instance, in one paragraph, if you are writing about the conventions of soliloquy, the play-within-a-play convention, and asides (these are the first three conventions I thought of #8212; I#8217;m not sure which ones you#8217;ve studied in music piracy class), then you could devote one body paragraph to or disagree essay each of these topics and their influence on music thesis, how the audience views the characters. I hope this puts you on the right track! I have two write an essay about Animals by agree or disagree essay, O#8217;Hara and how it reflects the innocence and simplicity of childhood. I don#8217;t know how to start. Could anyone suggest the first sentence of the introduction?
I#8217;ve already got my outline #128578; Hi Lily Awesome that you have your outline ready to go. You might want to start with the quintessential quote from the text that stands out as reflecting these qualities of innocence/childhood simplicity. For more great hook sentence tips visit: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/good-hook-sentences/ This is amazing and extremely helpful! Thank you author. Hey, thanks for reading and for the nice comment! I#8217;ll be sure to better legal show the author. #128578; do you eat pussy?
Haha! Awesome. We#8217;re happy to help, but don#8217;t sell yourself short just because of your blonde hair. #128578; great site but second para 24th word should be ALWAYS not away. dont take this as offensive but im just trying to improve this site that is all. Thanks for keeping us on our toes, Shayan! No offense taken #8212; we#8217;ll get that updated #128578; Great blog post ! Just to essay add my thoughts if you are wanting a Express Evictions 3-Day Notice to bertha Pay Rent or Quit , my secretary came across a blank version here https://goo.gl/nlOqzY. Hi there! Although this was really helpful for literary analysis, I was wondering if you had an idea as to how to essay prompts apply this to historical analysis. I have to write about the effects of European migration, warfare, and disease on Native Americans, and was thinking of finding 3 specific examples of each and explaining the cereal, effect that each had on Native Americans. Or Disagree Prompts! Is this a good plan? You could *definitely* apply this framework to a historical analysis, yes!
As Eden mentions, you can have as many body paragraphs as you want, so you could devote a single paragraph to each of your examples #8212; giving you 9 body paragraphs. Since that would get pretty lengthy, you could add a header before each of your 3-paragraph sections to keep your paper organized. DIOS MIO! this is really helpful. Woot! That#8217;s awesome. So happy you found this post helpful. #128578; Thanks for the kind comment. This is so helpful, thank you. I have to write an analytical essay about The Killer Angels by Michael Shaara and citizen, I#8217;m stuck. This is my second essay and on the first I received a C #128577; I don#8217;t know how to start and it isn#8217;t even about the whole book, its only for half the book. Please help.
Starting is definitely the hardest part sometimes :/ thanks so much for your blog. you have made it very easy for me to understand this (horrible) essay. I have to write my first Analytical essay. kind regards to agree prompts you. And thanks to literature review guide you for reading! Good luck with your essay #8212; you#8217;ve got this. I have to write an analytical essay for essay prompts, my college English course, and music piracy thesis, its about an American folk song called #8220;Frankie and Johnny#8221; and im stuck in how to begin it! my professor gave me an example on how to agree or disagree essay prompts start, she said #8220;to summarize a short definition of North American folk music from guide Oxford Music Online#8221; please help. A definition is prompts one way to start your essay, sure! This post contains lots more great advice (plus you can sign up for essay a responsible, 14 hook types + examples in the bottom right corner): https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/good-hook-sentences/ Damn am I thirsty, any fine white beothches dtf. NAH MEAN. Or Disagree Essay! Thank you so much.
I was dying a moment ago. Now I think I can manage it. love the essay on being a responsible citizen, example! it got me even more excited! #128516;#128523;#128526; Yesss, you can totally manage it! Thanks for reading #128578; I feel motivated and have been trying my best all these days#8230; Grateful for everything. )
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Select Your Section Order on the New GMAT. Good news! Starting July 11, 2017 the GMAT will allow you to select the order in which you take the sections of the agree essay test (from a menu of three options). This new “Select Section Order” feature gives you more control over your test-day experience and an opportunity to play to your strengths. The bad news? Now in addition to the 37 Quant questions, 41 Verbal questions, 12 Integrated Reasoning questions, and Essay, you have one more question you have to answer.
But don’t stress – here’s an analysis of how to make this important decision: Most importantly: statistically, the guide order of the sections on agree prompts the GMAT does not matter. GMAC ran a pilot program last year and bertha in jane, concluded that reordering the sections of the exam had no impact on agree prompts scores. Report Instructions. So there is no way you can make this decision “wrong” – choosing Quant first vs. Verbal first (or vice versa) doesn’t put you at a disadvantage (or give you an advantage). The only impact that this option will have on agree prompts your score is a psychological one: which order makes you feel like you’re giving yourself the best shot. Also hugely important: make sure you have a plan well before test day. Select Section Order has great potential to give you confidence on test day, but you don’t want the added stress of university one more “big” decision on prompts test day or even the day before. Make your plan at least a week before test day, take your final practice test(s) in the exact order you’ll use on eyre the real thing, and save your decision-making capacity for test questions. A great option for this is the Veritas Prep practice tests , which are currently the only GMAT practice tests in the industry that let you customize the order of your test like the real exam. And now for the ever-important question on everyone’s mind: in or disagree what order should I take the sections?
Make sure that you recognize that you only have three options: Analytical Writing Assessment, Integrated Reasoning, Quantitative, Verbal (original order) Verbal, Quantitative, Integrated Reasoning, Analytical Writing Assessment Quantitative, Verbal, Integrated Reasoning, Analytical Writing Assessment. Note that you don’t have the option to split up the better legal AWA and IR sections, and that the AWA/IR block comes either first or last: Quant and Verbal will remain adjacent no matter what order you choose, so you can’t plan yourself a nice “break” in between the two. Also, recognize that all test-takers are different. Essay. As there is no inherent, universal advantage to essays, one order versus the agree or disagree other, your decision isn’t so much “Quant vs. Verbal” but rather “stronger subject vs. not-as-strong subject.” You can fill in the names “Quant” and “Verbal” based on your own personal strengths. For this analysis, we’ll use “Stronger” and “Not as Strong” to refer to your choice between Quant/Verbal, and “AWA/IR” as the third category. Traditionally, one of the biggest challenges of the GMAT has been related to stamina and fatigue: it’s a long test, and by the end people are worn out. Music. And over the last 5 years, the agree essay fast-paced Integrated Reasoning section has also proven a challenge – very few people comfortably finish the IR section, so it’s quite common to be a combination of tired and demoralized heading into the Quant section. A Responsible Citizen. Plus, let’s be honest: the IR and agree essay, AWA scores just don’t matter as much as the writing better Quant/Verbal scores, so if stamina and confidence are potentially limited quantities, you want to use as much of them as possible on the sections that b-schools care about most. Who should take AWA/IR first?
Non-native speakers for whom the essay will be important . The danger of waiting until all the way at the end of the agree prompts test to write the better essay is that doing so increases the agree or disagree essay difficulty of writing better legal essays writing clearly and agree or disagree prompts, coherently: you’ll just be really tired. If you need your AWA to shine and you’re a bit concerned about it as it is, you may want to cereal instructions, attack it first. Not-morning-people with first-thing-in-the-morning test appointments . If you got stuck with a test appointment that’s much earlier than the timeframe when you feel alert and capable, AWA/IR is a good opportunity to spend an hour of or disagree essay extended warmup getting into on being citizen the day. If you have a later test appointment and still want a warmup, though, you’re better served doing a few practice problems before you head to the test center. REASONS TO DO YOUR STRONGER SECTION (Q vs. Agree Prompts. V) FIRST. 1) You like a good “warmup” to get started on a project . At work you typically start the day by university phd thesis responding to casual emails or reading industry news, because you know your most productive/creative/impactful work will come after you’ve taken a bit of time to get your head in the game. Agree Essay Prompts. Playing to essay on being, your strength first will let you experience early success so that your mind is primed for agree or disagree, the tougher section to bertha in jane eyre, come.
2) You want to start with a confidence booster . Test-taking is very psychological – for example, studies show that test results are significantly impacted when examinees are prompted beforehand with reasons that they should perform well or poorly. Agree Or Disagree Essay. Getting started with a section that reminds you that “you’re good at this!” is a great way to prime your mind for success and literature review, confidence. 3) You need your stronger section to agree, carry your overall score . Those with specific score targets often find that the easiest way to hit them is to max out on their better score, gaining as many points as possible there and then hoping to scrounge up enough on the other section to hit that overall threshold. Music. Doing your strength first may help you hit it while you’re fresh and gather up all those points before you get worn down by other sections. (Be careful, though: elite schools tend to prefer balanced scores to imbalanced scores, so make sure you consider that.) REASONS TO DO YOUR WEAKER SECTION (Q vs. V) FIRST.
1) You’re a fast starter . If like to hit the ground running on agree essay projects or workdays, you may want to deal with your biggest challenge first while you’re freshest and before fatigue sets in. 2) You hate having stress looming on the horizon . Essay A Responsible. Similarly, if you’re the type who always did your homework immediately after school and always pays your bills the or disagree essay prompts day you get them, there mere presence of the challenge waiting you could add stress through the earlier sections. Why not confront it immediately and get it over with? 3) Your test appointment is review late in agree or disagree prompts the day . Thesis. If you’ve been waiting all day to get the test started, you’ve likely been anxious knowing that you have a major event in front of you. Warm up with some easier problems and review in agree or disagree the hour before the test and attack it quickly.
4) You’re retaking the test to specifically improve that section . In some cases, students are told that they can get off the music waitlist or will only be considered if they get a particular section score to a certain threshold. If that’s you, turn that isolated section into a 75-minute test followed by a couple hours of formality, instead of forcing yourself to wait for the important part. 5) You crammed for or disagree essay, it . We’ve all been there: your biology midterm is at 11am but you have to legal essays, go to a history class from 9-10:30, and all the while you’re sitting there worried that you’re losing the information you memorized last night. If you’re worried about remembering certain formulas, rules, or strategies, you might as well use them immediately before you get distracted. Note: this does not mean you should cram for or disagree prompts, the GMAT! But if you did, you may want to essay citizen, apply that short-term memory as quickly as possible. CAN’T DECIDE? THE CASE FOR DOING VERBAL FIRST.
If the above reasons leave you conflicted, Veritas Prep recommends doing the Verbal section first. Essay. The skills required on the Verbal section are largely about focus – noting precision in bertha in jane eyre essay wording, staying engaged in bland reading passages, switching between a variety of different topics – and focus is something that naturally fades over the course of the test. The ability to take the Verbal section when you’re most alert and or disagree prompts, able to concentrate is a terrific luxury. Ultimately it’s best that you choose the order that makes you personally feel most confident, but if you can’t decide, most experts report that they would personally choose Verbal first. Because, statistically, the essay on being order of the sections doesn’t really matter, the only thing that matters with Select Section Order is doing what makes you feel most confident and or disagree, comfortable. So recognize that you cannot make a bad decision! What’s important is report that you don’t let this decision add stress or fatigue to your test day.
Make your decision at least 2 practice tests before the real thing, considering the essay advice above, and then don’t look back. The section selection option is a great way to ensure that your test experience feels as comfortable as possible, so, whatever you choose, believe in your decision and then go conquer the GMAT. Getting ready to take the GMAT? Prepare for the exam with a computer-adaptive Veritas Prep practice test – the only test in the industry that allows you to practice section selection like the essay on being real exam! And as always, be sure to agree essay, follow us on Facebook , YouTube , Google+ , and Twitter for the latest in test prep and MBA admissions news. GMAT Tip of the Week: Make J. Cole One of Your Critical Reasoning Role Modelz.
Today, we’re going to discuss how a seemingly random hip-hop lyric relates to boosting your GMAT Score: “Don’t save her; she don’t want to be saved.” – J. Cole, “No Role Modelz” One of the most common misconceptions that GMAT examinees have about the exam is guide that, while on quantitative questions, only one answer can be correct and everything else is wrong, on verbal questions “my wrong answer was good, but maybe not the best.” It is agree or disagree essay prompts critical to realize that on GMAT verbal questions, exactly one answer is literature right and essay prompts, the other four are fatally flawed and 100% wrong! Visit a GMAT classroom or a GMAT Club forum thread discussing a Critical Reasoning problem, and you’re almost certain to see/hear students protesting for eyre essay, why their wrong answer could be right. Prompts. “Well but what if the argument said X, would I be right?” “Well but what if instead of “some” it said “most” would it be right then?” But students love trying to save an incorrect answer to yale university, verbal questions, and in particular Critical Reasoning questions. And to an extent that’s understandable: in high school and agree essay, college, math was always black and white but in “verbal” classes (literature and thesis, the arts, history, philosophy…) as long as you could defend your stance or opinion you could be considered “right” even if that opinion differed from that of your professor.
You could “save” an incorrect or unpopular position on agree or disagree prompts an issue by citizen finding a way to justify your stance, and in some cases you were even rewarded for proposing and defending an unorthodox, contrarian viewpoint. But on Critical Reasoning problems, remember this important mantra about incorrect answers: Don’t save her; she don’t want to be saved. Your job is to attack answer choices, looking for the flaw instead of looking for ways to defend. Each incorrect answer choice is specifically written so that someone will see something redeeming about part of it – otherwise no one would ever pick it and it would be a waste of an answer – so looking for ways to agree or disagree essay, save an answer choice is a fool’s errand. Eyre. If you’re looking for little things to like about answer choices you should find that in just about or disagree prompts, every answer choice you see. The operative word in “Critical Reasoning” is critical – you want to be as critical as you can, much like J. Cole is when he discusses his relationships in No Role Modelz . According to a recent study, employees who bring their own lunches to work take fewer sick days and and are, on average, more productive per hour spent at book, work than those who eat at the workplace cafeteria. In order to agree, minimize the number of sick days taken by its staff, Boltech Industries plans to eliminate its cafeteria.
Which of the following, if true, provides the most reason to believe that Boltech Industries’ strategy will not accomplish its objective? A) Boltech’s cafeteria is known for serving a diverse array of healthy lunch options. B) Because of Boltech’s location, employees who choose to writing legal, visit a nearby restaurant for lunch will seldom be able to return within an hour. C) Employees have expressed concern about the cost of agree or disagree essay dining at nearby restaurants compared with the affordability of the eyre Boltech cafeteria. D) Employees who bring their lunch from home tend to agree or disagree essay prompts, lead generally healthier lifestyles than those of employees who purchase lunch.
E) Many Boltech employees chose to work for the company in large part because of the generous benefits, such as an on-site cafeteria and fitness center, that Boltech offers. Less than half of music all test-takers get this problem right, in large part because they try to “save” wrong answer choices. The goal of this plan is very clearly stated as “to minimize the number of sick days” but students very frequently pick choices B and E. With B, they try to save it by thinking “but isn’t being away from your desk a long time for a lunch really bad, too?” And the answer may very well be “yes” but the question specifically asks for agree or disagree essay prompts, a reason to think that the strategy will not achieve its objective, and that objective is very clearly stated as pertaining only to sick days. “Well what if the instructions plan was to minimize time away from employees’s desks?” students love to ask, committed to saving the essay bad answer choice. While that answer might be “yes,” the even bigger answer is writing essays “train yourself to stop trying to essay prompts, save wrong answers!” The study time you expend trying to create a situation in which your wrong answer would be right (“well with E, if the better essays goal were employee retention then it would probably be right”) is time you spend reinforcing a habit that can get you in agree or disagree trouble on yale test day.
Trying to save answers leads you both to wrong answers and to extra time spent on a hard decision, because, again, if your mindset is to or disagree, look for the good in every answer choice those choices are written to give you something good to find! So as you study, and yale phd thesis, especially on test day, heed the wisdom of agree J. Cole. If you fall into the trap of saving answers, tell the GMAT “fool me one time, shame on you; fool me twice can’t put the blame on you.” But most importantly, as you look at Critical Reasoning answer choices, don’t save her. She don’t want to be saved. GMAT Tip of the Week: The Song Remains the cereal report instructions Same.
Welcome back to hip hop month in the GMAT Tip of the Week space, where we’re constantly asking ourselves, “Wait, where have I heard that before?” If you listen to prompts, enough hip hop, you’ll recognize that just about cereal book report, every beat or lyric you hear either samples from or derives from another track that came before it (unless, of course, the artist is Ol’ Dirty Bastard, for whom, as his nickname derives, there ain’t no father to his style). Biggie’s “Hypnotize” samples directly from “La Di Da Di” (originally by Doug E. Fresh – yep, he’s the one who inspired “The Dougie” that Cali Swag District wants to teach you – and Slick Rick). “Biggie Biggie Biggie, can’t you see, sometimes your words just hypnotize me…” was originally “Ricky, Ricky, Ricky…” And right around the same time, Snoop Dogg and essay, 2Pac just redid the entire song just about verbatim, save for a few brand names. The “East Coast edit” of Chris Brown’s “Loyal” ? French Montana starts his verse straight quoting Jay-Z’s “I Just Wanna Love U” (“I’m a pimp by blood, not relation, I don’t chase ’em, I replace ’em…”), which (probably) borrowed the line “I don’t chase ’em I replace ’em” from a Biggie track , which probably got it from something else. And these are just songs we heard on the radio this morning driving to essay, work… The point? Hip hop is a constant variation on the same themes, one of the greatest recycling centers the or disagree prompts world has ever known. And so is the GMAT. Good test-takers – like veteran hip hop heads – train themselves to see the familiar within what looks (or sounds) unique. A hip hop fan often says, “Wait, where I have heard that before?” and cereal book report, similarly, a good test-taker sees a unique, challenging problem and prompts, says, “Wait, where have I seen that before?” And just like you might recite a lyric back and forth in your mind trying to determine where you’ve heard it before, on test day you should recite the operative parts of the problem or the rule to jog your memory and to remind yourself that you’ve seen this concept before.
Is it a remainder problem? Flip through the concepts that you’ve seen during your GMAT prep about working with remainders (“the remainder divided by review the divisor gives you the prompts decimals; when the numerator is smaller then the denominator the yale university phd thesis whole numerator is the remainder…”). Is it a geometry problem? Think of the rules and relationships that showed up on tricky geometry problems you have studied (“I can always draw a diagonal of agree or disagree prompts a rectangle and create a right triangle; I can calculate arc length from an inscribed angle on a circle by doubling the measure of that angle and treating it like a central angle…”). Is it a problem that asks for a seemingly-incalculable number? Run through the strategies you’ve used to perform estimates or determine strange number properties on similar practice problems in bertha in jane eyre the past. The GMAT is a lot like hip hop – just when you think they’ve created something incredibly unique and innovative, you dig back into your memory bank (or click to a jazz or funk station) and realize that they’ve basically re-released the same thing a few times a decade, just under a slightly different name or with a slightly different rhythm. You won’t see anything truly unique on the GMAT. So when you find yourself stumped, act like the old guy at work when you tell him to listen to a new hip hop song: “Oh I’ve heard this before…and actually when I heard it before in the ’90s, my neighbor told me that she had heard it before in agree or disagree essay the ’80s…” As you study, train yourself to see the review similarities in or disagree prompts seemingly-unique problems and see though the GMAT’s rampant plagiarism of writing better legal itself. The repetitive nature of the GMAT and agree essay prompts, of hip hop will likely mean that you’re no longer so impressed by Tyga, but you can use that recognition to be much more impressive to yale, Fuqua.
GMAT Tip of the Week: Big Sean Says Your GMAT Score Will Bounce Back. Welcome back to agree or disagree, Hip Hop Month in instructions the GMAT Tip of the Week space, where naturally, we woke up in beast mode (with your author legitimately wishing he was bouncing back to D-town from or disagree LAX this weekend, but blog duty calls!). If you have a car stereo or Pandora account, you’ve undoubtedly heard Big Sean talking about bouncing back this month. Yale University Phd Thesis. “Bounce Back” is agree a great anthem for anyone hitting a rough patch – at work, in a relationship, after a rough day for your brackets during next week’s NCAA tournament – but this isn’t a self-help, “it’s always darkest before dawn,” feel-good article. Big Sean has some direct insight into bertha in jane essay the GMAT scoring algorithm with Bounce Back, and if you pay attention, you can leverage Bounce Back (off the album “I Decided” – that’ll be important, too) to prompts, game-plan your test day strategy and increase your score. So, what’s Big Sean’s big insight?
The GMAT scoring (and question delivery) algorithm is designed specifically so that you can “take an L” and bounce back. And if you understand that, you can budget your time and focus appropriately. The test is designed so that just about everybody misses multiple questions – the adaptive system serves you problems that should test your upper threshold of ability, and yale phd thesis, can also test your lower limit if you’re not careful. What does that mean? Say you, as Big Sean would say, “take an L” (or a loss) on a question. That’s perfectly fine…everyone does it.
The next question should be a bit easier, providing you with a chance to agree or disagree, bounce back. Review. The delivery system is designed to use the test’s current estimate of your ability to deliver you questions that will help it refine that estimate, meaning that it’s serving you questions that lie in agree prompts a difficulty range within a few percentile points of where it thinks you’re scoring. If you “take an piracy, L” on a problem that’s even a bit below your true ability, missing a question or two there is fine as long as it’s an outlier. No one question is a perfect predictor of ability, so any single missed question isn’t that big of a deal…if you bounce back and get another few questions right in and around that range, the agree or disagree essay prompts system will continue to test your upper threshold of ability and give you chances to prove that the outlier was a fluke. The problem comes when you don’t bounce back. This doesn’t mean that you have to book instructions, get the next question right, but it does mean that you can’t afford big rough patches – a run of 3 out of 4 wrong or 4 out of 5 wrong, for example. At that point, the system’s estimate of you has to change (your occasional miss isn’t an outlier anymore) and while you can still bounce back, you now run the risk of running out of agree problems to essay a responsible citizen, prove yourself.
As the or disagree essay test serves you questions closer to its new estimate of you, you’re not using the problems to “prove how good you are,” but instead having to spend a few problems proving you’re “not that bad, I promise!” So, okay. Great advice – “don’t get a lot of problems wrong.” Where’s the cereal real insight? It can be found in the lyrics to “Bounce Back”: Everything I do is righteous. Betting on me is the right risk. During the test you have to agree or disagree prompts, manage your time and effort wisely, and that means looking at hard questions and determining whether betting on that question is the right risk. You will get questions wrong, but you also control how much you let any one question affect your ability to answer the piracy others correctly. A single question can hurt your chances at agree prompts, the others if you: Spend too much time on a problem that you weren’t going to get right, anyway Let a problem get in your head and distract you from giving the next one your full attention and confidence.
Most test-takers would be comfortable on section pacing if they had something like 3-5 fewer questions to thesis, answer, but when they’re faced with the full 37 Quant and agree or disagree essay prompts, 41 Verbal problems they feel the university phd thesis need to rush, and rushing leads to silly mistakes (or just blindly guessing on essay prompts the last few problems). And when those silly mistakes pile up and become closer to the norm than to bertha eyre, the outlier, that’s when your score is in agree or disagree essay trouble. You can avoid that spiral by determining when a question is not the yale university phd thesis right risk! If you recognize in or disagree essay prompts 30-40 seconds (or less) that you’re probably going to take an L, then take that L quickly (put in a guess and book, move on) and essay prompts, bank the time so that you can guarantee you’ll bounce back. You know you’re taking at yale, least 5 Ls on each section (for most test-takers, even in the 700s that number is probably closer to 10) so let yourself be comfortable with choosing to take 3-4 Ls consciously, and strategically bank the agree prompts time to writing essays, ensure that you can thoroughly get right the problems that you know you should get right. Guessing on the GMAT doesn’t have to be a panic move – when you know that the name of the game is giving yourself the time and patience to bounce back, a guess can summon Big Sean’s album title, “I Decided,” as opposed to prompts, “I screwed up.” (And if you need proof that even statistics PhDs who wrote the writing better GMAT scoring algorithm need some coaching with regard to taking the agree essay prompts L and bouncing back, watch the last. So, what action items can you take to piracy, maximize your opportunity to agree or disagree essay, bounce back? Right now: pay attention to the concepts, question types, and common problem setups that you tend to waste time on and get wrong. Have a plan in mind for test day that “if it’s this type of cereal book instructions problem and I don’t see a path to the finish line quickly, I’m better off taking the L and making sure I bounce back on the next one.” Also, as you review those types of problems in agree or disagree essay your homework and practice tests, look for techniques you can use to guess intelligently. For many, combinatorics with restrictions is a responsible one of those categories for which they often cannot see a path to a correct answer.
Those problems are easy to guess on, however! Often you can eliminate a choice or two by looking at the number of essay possibilities that would exist without the bertha restriction (e.g. if Remy and essay prompts, Nicki would just patch up their beef and stand next to each other, there would be 120 ways to arrange the photo, but since they won’t the number has to piracy, be less than 120…). And you can also use that total to agree or disagree essay, ask yourself, “Does the restriction take away a lot of possibilities or just a few?” and get a better estimate of the remaining choices. On test day: Give yourself 3-4 “I Decided” guesses and don’t feel bad about in jane essay, them. Or Disagree Essay. If your experience tells you that betting your time and bertha eyre essay, energy on a question is not the right risk, take the or disagree essay prompts L and use the in jane extra time to make sure you bounce back. The GMAT, like life, guarantees that you’ll get knocked down a few times, but what you can control is agree prompts how you respond. Accept the fact that you’re going to music piracy, take your fair share of agree or disagree essay prompts Ls, but if you’re a real one you know how to bounce back.
GMAT Tip of the university phd thesis Week: Keep Your GMAT Score Safe from the Bowling Green Massacre. The hashtag of the or disagree prompts day is #bowlinggreenmassacre, inspired by an event that never happened. Whether intentionally or accidentally (we’ll let you and your news agency of choice decide which), White House staffer Kellyanne Conway referenced the “event” in cereal report instructions an interview, inspiring an or disagree essay prompts, array of cereal book report instructions memes and agree or disagree prompts, references along the way. Whatever Ms. Conway’s intentions (or lack thereof; again we’ll let you decide) with the quote, she is certainly guilty of yale university inadvertently doing one thing: she didn’t likely intend to or disagree, help you avoid a disaster on the GMAT, but if you’re paying attention she did. Your GMAT test day does not have to be a Bowling Green Massacre! Here’s the thing about the Bowling Green Massacre: it never happened. But by now, it’s lodged deeply enough in the psyche of millions of Americans that, to them, it did. And the music same thing happens to GMAT test-takers all the time. They think they’ve seen something on the test that isn’t there, and then they act on or disagree prompts something that never happened in the first place. And then, sadly, their GMAT hopes and dreams suffer the same fate as those poor souls at Bowling Green (#thoughtsandprayers).
Here’s how it works: The Quant Section’s Bowling Green Massacre. On the Quant section, particularly with Data Sufficiency, your mind will quickly leap to conclusions or jump to use a rule that seems relevant. In Jane. Consider the example: What is the perimeter of isosceles triangle LMN? A. Statement (1) ALONE is sufficient, but statement (2) alone is insufficient. B. Statement (2) ALONE is sufficient, but statement (1) alone is insufficient.
C. BOTH statements TOGETHER are sufficient, but NEITHER statement ALONE is essay prompts sufficient. D. EACH statement ALONE is sufficient. E. Book Report. Statements (1) and (2) TOGETHER are NOT sufficient. When people see that square root of 2, their minds quickly drift back to all those flash cards they studied – flash cards that include the agree prompts side ratio for an isosceles right triangle: x, x, xv2. And so they then leap to use that rule, inferring that if one side is 4 and the other is 4v2, the literature guide other side must also be 4 to fit the ratio and they can then calculate the perimeter. With both statements together, they figure, they can derive that perimeter and agree essay prompts, select choice C. But think about where that side ratio comes from: an isosceles right triangle.
You’re told in the given information that this triangle is, indeed, isosceles. But you’re never told that it’s a right triangle. Much like the Bowling Green Massacre, “right” never happened. University Phd Thesis. But the mere suggestion of it – the appearance of the agree or disagree essay v2 term that is directly associated with an essay on being a responsible, isosceles, right triangle – baits approximately half of agree or disagree essay prompts all test-takers to choose C here instead of the music piracy thesis correct E (explanation: “isosceles” means only that two sides match, so the third side could be either 4, matching side LM, or 4v2, matching side LN). Your mind does this to you often on Data Sufficiency problems: you’ll limit the realm of prompts possible numbers to report, integers, when that wasn’t defined, or to positive numbers, when that wasn’t defined either. You’ll see symptoms of a rule or concept (like v2 leads to the isosceles right triangle side ratio) and assume that the entire rule is in play.
The GMAT preys on your mind’s propensity for creating its own story when in reality, only part of that story really exists. The Verbal Section’s Bowling Green Massacre. This same phenomenon appears on the Verbal section, too – most notably in Critical Reasoning. Much like what many allege that Kellyanne Conway did, your mind wants to ascribe particular significance to events or declarations, and it will often exaggerate on you. Consider the example: About two million years ago, lava dammed up a river in western Asia and caused a small lake to form. The lake existed for about half a million years. Agree Or Disagree Essay Prompts. Bones of an early human ancestor were recently found in the ancient lake-bottom sediments that lie on top of the layer of lava.
Therefore, ancestors of modern humans lived in Western Asia between two million and one-and-a-half million years ago. Which one of the cereal following is an assumption required by the argument? A. There were not other lakes in the immediate area before the lava dammed up the river. B. The lake contained fish that the human ancestors could have used for agree or disagree, food. C. The lava that lay under the lake-bottom sediments did not contain any human fossil remains. D. The lake was deep enough that a person could drown in bertha essay it. E. The bones were already in agree prompts the sediments by the time the lake disappeared. The key to most Critical Reasoning problems is finding the conclusion and knowing EXACTLY what the conclusion says – nothing more and nothing less. Here the conclusion is the last sentence, that “ancestors of modern humans lived” in this region at this time.
When people answer this problem incorrectly, however, it’s almost always for the same reason. They read the conclusion as “the FIRST/EARLIEST ancestors of modern humans lived…” And in doing so, they choose choice C, which protects against humans having come before the ones related to the bones we have. “First/earliest” is a classic Bowling Green Massacre – it’s a much more noteworthy event (“scientists have discovered human ancestors” is pretty tame, but “scientists have discovered the FIRST human ancestors” is a big deal) that your brain wants to see. But it’s not actually there! It’s just that, in day to day life, you’d rarely ever read about university, a run-of-the-mill archaeological discovery; it would only essay prompts, pop up in your social media stream if it were particularly noteworthy, so your mind may very well assume that that notoriety is present even when it’s not. In order to succeed on a responsible the GMAT, you need to become aware of those leaps that your mind likes to take. Agree. We’re all susceptible to: Assuming that variables represent integers, and that they represent positive numbers Seeing the symptoms of a rule and then jumping to citizen, apply it Applying our own extra superlatives or limits to conclusions. So when you make these mistakes, commit them to agree or disagree prompts, memory – they’re not one-off, silly mistakes. Our minds are vulnerable to Bowling Green Massacres, so on test day #staywoke so that your score isn’t among those that are, sadly, massacred.
Quarter Wit, Quarter Wisdom: Solving the on being a responsible Hourglass Puzzle. Let’s continue our puzzles discussion today with another puzzle type – time measurement using an hourglass. (Before you continue reading this article, check out our posts on how to solve pouring water puzzles and agree or disagree essay, weighing and balancing puzzles ) First, understand what an hourglass is literature review guide – it is a mechanical device used to measure the passage of time. It is comprised of agree or disagree essay prompts two glass bulbs connected vertically by essay citizen a narrow neck that allows a regulated trickle of sand from the upper bulb to fall into the lower one. The sand also takes a fixed amount of time to fall from the upper bulb to the lower bulb. Hourglasses may be reused indefinitely by inverting the or disagree essay prompts bulbs once the upper bulb is empty. This is what they look like: Say a 10-minute hourglass will let us measure time in literature review intervals of 10 minutes. Agree Or Disagree. This means all of the on being a responsible sand will flow from the upper bulb to the lower bulb in exactly 10 minutes.
We can then flip the hourglass over – now sand will start flowing again for agree or disagree essay prompts, the next 10 minutes, and so on. We cannot measure, say, 12 minutes using just a 10-minute hourglass, but we can measure more time intervals when we have two hourglasses of different times. Let’s look at this practice problem to see how this can be done: A teacher of mathematics used an unconventional method to measure a 15-minute time limit for a test. He used a 7-minute and an 11-minute hourglass. During the piracy thesis whole time, he turned the hourglasses only agree essay, 3 times (turning both hourglasses at once counts as one flip). Explain how the teacher measured out 15 minutes.
Here, we have a 7-minute hourglass and an 11-minute hourglass. This means we can measure time in intervals of yale university phd thesis 7 minutes as well as in intervals of 11 minutes. But consider this: if both hourglasses start together, at the end of prompts 7 minutes, we will have 4 minutes of university sand leftover in the top bulb of the 11-minute hourglass. So we can also measure out 4 minutes of time. Furthermore, if we flip the or disagree 7-minute hourglass over at this time and let it flow for that 4 minutes (until the sand runs out of the top bulb of the 11-minute hourglass), we will have 3 minutes’ worth of legal essays sand leftover in the 7-minute hourglass. Hence, we can measure a 3 minute time interval, too, and so on… Now, let’s see how we can measure out agree prompts, 15 minutes of time using our 7-minute and 11-minute hourglasses. First, start both hourglasses at the same time. After the writing better top bulb of the 7-minute hourglass is empty, flip it over again.
At this time, we have 4 minutes’ worth of sand still in the top bulb of the agree or disagree essay prompts 11-minute hourglass. When the top bulb of the 11-minute hourglass is empty, the bottom bulb of review 7-minute hourglass will have 4 minutes’ worth of agree sand in it. At this point, 11 minutes have passed. Now simply flip the 7-minute hourglass over again and wait until the sand runs to the bottom bulb, which will be in 4 minutes. This is how we measure out 11 + 4 = 15 minutes of time using a 7-minute hourglass and an 11-minute hourglass.
Let’s look at another problem: Having two hourglasses, a 7-minute one and a 4-minute one, how can you correctly time out yale, 9 minutes? Now we need to measure out 9 minutes using a 7-minute hourglass and a 4-minute hourglass. Like we did for the last problem, begin by starting both hourglasses at the same time. After 4 minutes pass, all of the sand in the 4-minute hourglass will be in the lower bulb. Now flip this 4-minute hourglass back over agree prompts, again. In the 7-minute hourglass, there will be 3 minutes’ worth of sand still in university phd thesis the upper bulb. After 3 minutes, all of the sand from the 7-minute hourglass will be in the lower bulb and 1 minute’s worth of sand will be in agree or disagree essay the upper bulb of the 4-minute hourglass. This is when we will start our 9-minute interval. The 1 minute’s worth of essay a responsible sand will flow to the bottom bulb of the 4-minute hourglass. Then we just need to flip the or disagree essay 4-minute hourglass over and let all of the bertha in jane sand flow out agree essay, (which will take 4 minutes), and then flip the bertha essay hourglass over to or disagree essay, let all of the sand flow out essay, again (which will take another 4 minutes).
In all, we have measured out a 1 + 4 + 4 = 9-minute interval, which is what the problem has asked us to or disagree prompts, find. Karishma , a Computer Engineer with a keen interest in alternative Mathematical approaches, has mentored students in the continents of Asia, Europe and North America. Bertha. She teaches the GMAT for Veritas Prep and essay, regularly participates in content development projects such as this blog ! Quarter Wit, Quarter Wisdom: Solving the Pouring Water Puzzle. Some time back, we came across a GMAT Data Sufficiency word problem question based on the “pouring water puzzle”. That made us think that it is probably a good idea to be comfortable with the bertha in jane essay various standard puzzle types. From this week on, we will look at some fundamental puzzles to essay, acquaint ourselves with these mind benders in case we encounter them on test day. Today, we will look at bertha, the popular “pouring water puzzle”. You may remember a similar puzzle from the movie Die Hard with a Vengeance , where Bruce Willis and Samuel L. Jackson had to diffuse a bomb by placing a 4 gallon jug of water on a set of scales. Here is the puzzle: You have a 3- and a 5-liter water container – each container has no markings except for or disagree prompts, that which gives us its total volume. We also have a running tap.
We must use the containers and the tap in such a way that we measure out exactly 4 liters of water. How can this be done? Don’t worry that this question is not written in a traditional GMAT format! We need to worry only about the report logic behind the puzzle – we can then answer any question about it that is given in prompts any GMAT format. Let’s break down what we are given. We have only two containers – one of 3-liter and the other of 5-liter capacity. The containers have absolutely no markings on them other than those which give us the total volumes, i.e. the markings for 3 liters and 5 liters respectively. Book Report. There is or disagree essay prompts no other container.
We also have a tap/faucet of eyre essay running water, so basically, we have an unlimited supply of water. Environmentalists may not like my saying this, but this fact means we can throw out agree or disagree, water when we need to and just refill again. Now think about it: STEP 1: Let’s fill up the 5-liter container with water from the tap. Piracy Thesis. Now we are at (5, 0), with 5 being the liters of water in agree or disagree essay prompts the 5-liter container, and piracy, 0 being the agree or disagree essay liters of water in the 3-liter container.
STEP 2: Now, there is nothing we can do with this water except transfer it to cereal instructions, the 3-liter container (there is no other container and agree, throwing out the water will bring us back to writing better, where we started). Agree Or Disagree. After we fill up the 3-liter container, we are left with 2 liters of water in the 5-liter container. This brings us to cereal book report, (2, 3). STEP 3: We gain nothing from or disagree essay transferring the 3 liters of in jane eyre essay water back to 5-liter container, so let’s throw out the 3 liters that are in the 3-liter container. Agree Prompts. Because we just threw out the water from the eyre 3-liter container, we will gain nothing by simply refilling it with 3 liters of water again. So now we are at agree essay, (2, 0). STEP 4: The next logical step is to transfer the 2 liters of writing better legal essays water we have from the 5-liter container to the 3-liter container.
This means the 3-liter container has space for 1 liter more until it reaches its maximum volume mark. This brings us to (0, 2). STEP 5: Now fill up the essay prompts 5-liter container with water from the tap and transfer 1 liter to the 3-liter container (which previously had 2 liters of water in it). This means we are left with 4 liters of water in the 5-liter container. Now we are at (4, 3). This is essay how we are able to separate out exactly 4 liters of water without having any markings on the two containers. We hope you understand the logic behind solving this puzzle. Let’s take a look at another question to help us practice: We are given three bowls of or disagree essay prompts 7-, 4- and essay on being a responsible citizen, 3-liter capacity. Only the 7-liter bowl is full of agree or disagree essay prompts water.
Pouring the water the fewest number of report instructions times, separate out the 7 liters into 2, 2, and agree essay prompts, 3 liters (in the three bowls). This question is a little different in that we are not given an unlimited supply of cereal book report water. We have only 7 liters of water and we need to split it into 2, 2 and 3 liters. This means we can neither throw away any water, nor can we add any water. Or Disagree Essay. We just need to work with what we have. We start off with (7, 0, 0) – with 7 being the music thesis liters of water in the 7-liter bowl, the first 0 being the liters of water in the 4-liter bowl, and the second 0 being the liters of water in the 3-liter bowl – and prompts, we need to go to (2, 2, 3). Cereal Report. Let’s break this down: STEP 1: The first step would obviously be to pour water from the 7-liter bowl into agree prompts the 4-liter bowl.
Now you will have 3 liters of water left in the 7-liter bowl. We are now at (3, 4, 0). STEP 2: From the cereal report instructions 4-liter bowl, we can now pour water into essay prompts the 3-liter bowl. Now we have 1 liter in the 4-liter bowl, bringing us to literature, (3, 1, 3). STEP 3: Empty out the prompts 3-liter bowl, which is full, into the 7-liter bowl for a total of 6 liters – no other transfer makes sense [if we transfer 1 liter of water to the 7-liter bowl, we will be back at the (4, 0, 3) split, which gives us nothing new]. This brings us to (6, 1, 0). STEP 4: Shift the 1 liter of water from the 4-liter bowl to the 3-liter bowl. We are now at (6, 0, 1). STEP 5: From the 7-liter bowl, we can now shift 4 liters of water into the 4-liter bowl. Yale. This leaves us with with 2 liters of water in the 7-liter bowl. Again, no other transfer makes sense – pouring 1 liter of water into some other bowl takes us back to a previous step.
This gives us (2, 4, 1). STEP 6: Finally, pour water from the 4-liter bowl into or disagree essay the 3-liter bowl to fill it up. Literature Guide. 2 liters will be shifted, bringing us to (2, 2, 3). This is what we wanted. We took a total of essay prompts 6 steps to solve this problem. Bertha In Jane Eyre Essay. At each step, the point is to look for what helps us advance forward. If our next step takes us back to a place at which we have already been, then we shouldn’t take it. Keeping these tips in mind, we should be able to agree or disagree, solve most of these pouring water puzzles in the future! Karishma , a Computer Engineer with a keen interest in alternative Mathematical approaches, has mentored students in the continents of Asia, Europe and North America. She teaches the GMAT for Veritas Prep and regularly participates in content development projects such as this blog ! GMAT Tip of the Week: Taking the Least Amount of Time to cereal report instructions, Solve “At Least” Probability Problems. In its efforts to keep everyone from getting perfect 800s, the agree or disagree prompts GMAT has two powerful tools to writing better essays, stop you from perfection.
For one, it can bait you into wrong answers (with challenging content, tempting trap answers, or a combination thereof). Essay Prompts. And secondly, it can waste your time, making it look like you need to do a lot of music piracy work when there’s a much simpler way. Fortunately, and contrary to popular belief, the GMAT isn’t “pure evil.” Wherever it provides opportunities for less-savvy examinees to waste their time, it also provides a shortcut for those who have put in the study time to learn it or who have the patience to look for the elevator, so to speak, before slogging up the essay stairs. And one classic example of that comes with the essay a responsible “at least one” type of probability question. To illustrate, let’s consider an example: In a bowl of marbles, 8 are yellow, 6 are blue, and 4 are black.
If Michelle picks 2 marbles out agree essay, of the bowl at random and at the same time, what is the yale university probability that at least one of the or disagree prompts marbles will be yellow? Here, you can first streamline the process along the lines of in jane eyre one of those “There are two types of people in the world: those who _______ and those who don’t _______” memes. Your goal is to determine whether you get a yellow marble, so you don’t care as much about “blue” and “black”…those can be grouped into “not yellow,” thereby giving you only two groups: 8 yellow marbles and 10 not-yellow marbles. Fewer groups means less ugly math! But even so, trying to calculate the agree or disagree prompts probability of every sequence that gives you one or two yellow marbles is labor intensive. You could accomplish that “not yellow” goal several ways: First marble: Yellow; Second: Not Yellow. First: Not Yellow; Second: Yellow. First: Yellow; Second: Yellow. That’s three different math problems each involving fractions and requiring attention to detail. There ought to be an easier way…and there is.
When a probability problem asks you for the probability of “at least one,” consider the only situation in writing which you WOULDN’T get at least one: if you got none. That’s a single calculation, and helpful because if the probability of drawing two marbles is 100% (that’s what the problem says you’re doing), then 100% minus the probability of the or disagree essay prompts unfavorable outcome (no yellow) has to equal the probability of the yale favorable outcome. Agree Essay. So if you determine “the probability of writing better no yellow” and subtract from 1, you’re finished. That means that your problem should actually look like: PROBABILITY OF NO YELLOW, FIRST DRAW: 10 non-yellow / 18 total. PROBABILITY OF NO YELLOW, SECOND DRAW: 9 remaining non-yellow / 17 remaining total.
10/18 * 9/17 reduces to 10/2 * 1/17 = 5/17. Now here’s the only tricky part of using this technique: 5/17 is the probability of what you DON’T want, so you need to subtract that from 1 to get the agree prompts probability you do want. Music Piracy. So the answer then is 12/17, or B. More important than this problem is the lesson: when you see an “at least one” probability problem, recognize that the probability of agree or disagree essay “at least one” equals 100% minus the probability of “none.” Since “none” is always a single calculation, you’ll always be able to bertha in jane essay, save time with this technique. Had the question asked about agree prompts, three marbles, the number of favorable sequences for “at least one yellow” would be: Yellow Yellow Yellow.
Yellow Not-Yellow Not-Yellow. Yellow Not-Yellow Yellow. Yellow Yellow Not-Yellow. Not-Yellow Yellow Yellow. (And note here – this list is not yet exhaustive, so under time pressure you may very well forget one sequence entirely and then still get the problem wrong even if you’ve done the math right.) Whereas the probability of piracy thesis No Yellow is much more straightforward: Not-Yellow, Not-Yellow, Not-Yellow would be 10/18 * 9/17 * 8/16 (and look how nicely that last fraction slots in, reducing quickly to or disagree essay, 1/2). What would otherwise be a terrifying slog, the “long way” becomes quite quick the shorter way. So, remember, when you see “at least one” probability on the GMAT, employ the “100% minus probability of none” strategy and you’ll save valuable time on at least one Quant problem on legal essays test day. Investing in Success: The Best In-Person or Online GMAT Tutors Can Make a Difference. Making sure that you’re ready to agree essay, take the GMAT requires study, time, and effort. Earning a high score on the GMAT can help to impress admissions officials at preferred business schools.
One way to make the studying process easier is to phd thesis, work with a private GMAT tutor. A tutor can help you prep for agree prompts, the test in a variety of ways. Writing Better Legal Essays. Naturally, you want to find the tutor who can be the most help to you. Discover some of the qualities to agree or disagree essay prompts, look for when there’s a GMAT tutor needed to complete your study plan. Knowledge of All Aspects of the cereal instructions GMAT The best private GMAT tutor has more than just general advice regarding the or disagree essay prompts GMAT . The person has thorough knowledge of the better exam and its contents. There are several parts to the GMAT, including the Verbal, Quantitative, Integrated Reasoning, and Analytical Writing sections. A qualified tutor will have plenty of tips to essay prompts, share that can help you to navigate all of the sections on bertha in jane eyre essay the GMAT.
Plus, an experienced tutor will be able to evaluate the results of your practice GMAT to determine where you need to agree prompts, focus most of your study efforts. This puts the element of efficiency into your test prep. The GMAT instructors at Veritas Prep achieved scores on the exam that placed them in the 99th percentile, so if you work with a Veritas Prep tutor, you know you’re studying with someone who has practical experience with the exam. Our tutors are experts at music thesis, describing the or disagree prompts subtle points of the GMAT to their students. Access to Quality Study Resources If you want to thoroughly prepare for writing better legal essays, the GMAT, you must use quality study materials. At Veritas Prep, we have a GMAT curriculum that guides you through each section of the test. Your instructor will show you the types of questions on the test and reveal proven strategies you can use to answer them correctly. Of course, our curriculum teaches you the facts you need to know for the test. But just as importantly, we show you how to apply those facts to the questions on the exam. Or Disagree. We do this in an effort to help you think like a business executive as you complete the GMAT. Private tutoring services from Veritas Prep give you the tools you need to perform your best on the exam.
Selecting Your Method of Learning The best GMAT tutors can offer you several options when it comes to preparing for the exam. Perhaps you work full-time as a business professional. You want to prepare for the GMAT but don’t have the time to attend traditional courses. In that case, you should search for an online GMAT tutor. As a result, you can prep for the GMAT without disrupting your busy work schedule. At Veritas Prep, we provide you with the option of online tutoring as well as in-person classes.
We recognize that flexibility is instructions important when it comes to or disagree essay prompts, preparing for the GMAT, and we want you to get the literature review instruction you need to earn a high score on this important test. An Encouraging Instructor Naturally, when you take advantage of GMAT private tutoring services, you will learn information you need to know for the test. But a tutor should also take the time to encourage you as you progress in your studies. It’s likely that you’ll face some stumbling blocks as you prepare for the different sections of the GMAT. A good instructor must be ready with encouraging words when you’re trying to master difficult skills. Encouraging words from a tutor can give you the agree or disagree prompts push you need to conquer especially puzzling questions on writing better legal the test. The understanding tutors at agree prompts, Veritas Prep have been through preparation for the GMAT as well as the actual test, so we understand the tremendous effort it takes to master all of its sections. If you want to in jane essay, partner with the or disagree essay prompts best GMAT tutor as you prep for the test, we have you covered at Veritas Prep! When you sign up to literature guide, study for the GMAT with Veritas Prep, you are investing in your own success. Give us a call or write us an email today to let us know when you want to start gearing up for excellence on essay the GMAT!
GMAT Writing Tips: Analytical Writing for the GMAT. You probably know that the GMAT gauges your skills in reading and math. But did you know that there is also a section called the Analytical Writing Assessment? GMAT creators want to see how well you can analyze an writing legal, argument, so in this section, you are given an argument and expected to or disagree essay prompts, critique it. Is it a valid argument, or is guide it full of flaws? Discover a few GMAT writing tips that can help you to create a critique that earns you a high score on this portion of the test. Take a Few Minutes to agree essay prompts, Plan Your Essay. When it comes to the GMAT writing section, you may think this first tip is a no-brainer. Book Report Instructions. Unfortunately, some students become nervous or anxious about this part of the or disagree exam and forget to plan out their essay before diving into the task. This can result in a poorly organized essay or one that is missing important points. Take the time to carefully read the eyre directions and the argument.
Then, create a rough outline of what points you want to include in agree or disagree prompts the essay as well as where you want to include them. If you lose your train of thought while you’re writing, simply look at your outline to regain your focus. Determine the Flaws in the Argument. Your essay’s plan should include the flaws in the author’s argument. Faulty comparisons and in jane eyre, mistaken assumptions as well as vague words are all things to point out when critiquing the argument. Writing a quick note about each flaw you find can be helpful when it comes time to elaborate on them in your essay. Or Disagree Prompts. Plus, making note of yale university phd thesis them helps you to remember to include all of or disagree them in the final piece. Use Specific Examples in Your Essay. The use of specific examples is a key element for Analytical Writing. GMAT graders will be looking for specific examples as they score your essay.
It’s not enough to state that a piece of the given argument is inaccurate – you have to use the information within the argument to music thesis, prove your point. Also, using specific examples helps you to demonstrate that you understand the argument. Read and Evaluate High-Scoring Analytical Essays. When preparing for agree or disagree prompts, the GMAT Analytical Writing section, it’s a good idea to read and evaluate essays that received high scores. This can help you see what needs to be adjusted in your own writing to create an essay that earns a high score. In fact, you can break each essay down and highlight the individual elements that earned it a high score. Study the Scoring System for yale phd thesis, the GMAT Analytical Writing Section. Studying the or disagree prompts scoring rubric for the analytical essay is very helpful in music thesis your quest to craft a high-scoring piece. Agree. After writing a practice essay, you can compare its contents to the criteria on the rubric. Literature Review Guide. If your essay is missing an element, you can go back and do a rewrite. This sort of practice takes a bit of time, but will prove beneficial on test day.
A professional tutor can assist you in preparing for the section on agree or disagree Analytical Writing. GMAT tutors at yale phd thesis, Veritas Prep have taken the exam and earned a score in the 99th percentile. This means that when you prep for agree or disagree essay prompts, the Analytical Writing section with one of our tutors, you’re learning from legal a teacher with practical experience! Your tutor can help you boost your writing skills by reviewing the outline of your practice essay and giving you tips on how to improve it. Also, your tutor can provide strategies for agree or disagree essay, what you can do to make your analytical essay more convincing. We have a variety of tutoring options for those who want help preparing for the analytical essay section on the GMAT. At Veritas Prep, we know that you have a busy schedule, and we want to book, make it convenient to prep for this test. Agree Or Disagree. We also offer resources such as the opportunity for you to take a free GMAT test . This is an excellent way to find out how your skills measure up on each section of the exam. Call or contact us online today and let us give you a hand with your essay-writing skills! The Patterns to writing better, Solve GMAT Questions with Reversed-Digit Numbers – Part II. In an earlier post , I wrote about the GMAT’s tendency to ask questions regarding the number properties of two two-digit numbers whose tens and units digits have been reversed.
The biggest takeaways from that post were: Anytime we add two two-digit numbers whose tens and units digits have been reversed, we will get a multiple of 11. Anytime we take the agree prompts difference of two two-digit numbers whose tens and units digits have been reversed, we will get a multiple of 9. For the music piracy thesis hardest GMAT questions, we’re typically mixing and matching different types of number properties and strategies, so it can be instructive to see how the agree or disagree above axioms might be incorporated into such problems. Take this challenging Data Sufficiency question, for instance: When the literature review digits of or disagree essay prompts two-digit, positive integer M are reversed, the result is the two-digit, positive integer N. If M N, what is the value of M? (1) The integer (M –N) has 12 unique factors. (2) The integer (M –N) is a multiple of 9. The average test-taker looks at Statement 1, sees that it will be very difficult to simply pick numbers that satisfy this condition, and writing essays, concludes that this can’t possibly be enough information.
Well, the agree essay prompts average test-taker also scores in the mid-500’s, so that’s not how we want to think. First, let’s concede that Statement 1 is a challenging one to evaluate and look at yale phd thesis, Statement 2 first. Agree. Notice that Statement 2 tells us something we already know – as we saw above, anytime you have two two-digit numbers whose tens and units digits are reversed, the difference will be a multiple of bertha 9. If Statement 2 is useless, we can immediately prune our decision tree of possible correct answers. Either Statement 1 alone is sufficient, or the statements together are not sufficient, as Statement 2 will contribute nothing. Agree Prompts. So right off the bat, the book instructions only possible correct answers are A and E. If we had to guess, and we recognize that the average test-taker would likely conclude that Statement 1 couldn’t be sufficient, we’d want to go in the opposite direction – this question is significantly more difficult (and interesting) if it turns out that Statement 1 gives us considerably more information than it initially seems. In order to agree or disagree prompts, evaluate Statement 1, it’s helpful to literature review guide, understand the following shortcut for how to determine the total number of or disagree prompts factors for bertha eyre, a given number. Agree Essay. Say, for example, that we wished to determine how many factors 1000 has. Better Essays. We could, if we were sufficiently masochistic, simply list them out (1 and 1000, 2 and 500, etc.).
But you can see that this process would be very difficult and time-consuming. Alternatively, we could do the following. Essay. First, take the in jane prime factorization of 1000. 1000 = 10^3, so the or disagree prompts prime factorization is 2^3 * 5^3. Next, we take the literature review guide exponent of each prime base and essay prompts, add one to it. Last, we multiply the results. (3+1)*(3+1) = 16, so 1000 has 16 total factors. More abstractly, if your number is x^a * y^b, where x and y are prime numbers, you can find the better legal total number of factors by multiplying (a+1)(b+1). Now let’s apply this process to Statement 1. Imagine that the difference of essay M and music piracy, N comes out to some two-digit number that can be expressed as x^a * y^b. Agree Or Disagree Essay. If we have a total of 12 factors, then we know that (a+1)(b+1) = 12.
So, for example, it would work if a = 3 and music piracy thesis, b = 2, as a + 1 = 4 and b + 1 = 3, and 4*3 =12. Essay. But it would also work if, say, a = 5 and b = 1, as a + 1 = 6 and b + 1 = 2, and 6*2 = 12. Yale University Phd Thesis. So, let’s list out some numbers that have 12 factors: Now remember that M – N, by definition, is a multiple of 9, which will have at agree or disagree, least 3^2 in its prime factorization. So the second option is no longer a candidate, as its prime factorization contains only thesis, one 3. Or Disagree Essay. Also recall that we’re talking about the difference of two two-digit numbers. 2^2 * 3^3 is 4*27 or 108. Yale University Phd Thesis. But the difference between two positive two-digit numbers can’t possibly be a three-digit number!
So the essay third option is also out. The only possibility is the first option. If we know that the difference of the two numbers is 2^3 * 3^2, or 8*9 = 72, then only 91 and 19 will work. So Statement 1 alone is sufficient to answer this question, and the answer is A. Algebraically, if M = 10x + y, then N = 10y + x. M – N = (10x + y) – (10y + x) = 9x – 9y = 9(x – y). If 9(x – y) = 72, then x – y = 8. If the literature guide difference between the agree or disagree prompts tens and units digits is 8, the cereal report numbers must be 91 and 19. Takeaway: the hardest GMAT questions will require a balance of strategy and agree or disagree essay, knowledge. In this case, we want to remember the following: Anytime we take the difference of literature guide two two-digit numbers whose tens and units digits have been reversed, we will get a multiple of 9. If one statement is easier to or disagree prompts, evaluate than the a responsible citizen other, tackle the easier one first. If it’s the case that one statement gives you absolutely nothing, and the other is complex, there is a general tendency for the complex statement alone to be sufficient.
For the number x^a * y^b, where x and agree or disagree prompts, y are prime numbers, you can find the total number of factors by multiplying (a+1)(b+1). By David Goldstein , a Veritas Prep GMAT instructor based in Boston . Literature Review Guide. You can find more articles written by him here . GMAT Hacks, Tricks, and Tips to Make Studying and Preparing for or disagree prompts, the GMAT Simpler. The GMAT measures four general types of knowledge: Verbal, Quantitative, Integrated Reasoning, and Analytical Writing. The entire test takes about piracy, three hours and 30 minutes to complete. Preparing for this important exam may seem like a daunting task, but you can simplify the process with the help of some GMAT tips and agree or disagree prompts, tricks.
Use Mnemonics to Learn Vocabulary Words. Making a GMAT cheat sheet complete with mnemonics simplifies the process of learning vocabulary words for the Verbal section. Word pictures can help you to yale university phd thesis, retain the words you’re learning. Or Disagree. For instance, suppose you’re trying to learn the word “ extricate.” “Extricate” means to free something or someone from a constraint or problem. You may pair the word with a mental picture of a group of people being freed from music piracy a stuck elevator by a technician. Creating mnemonics that relate to your life, family, or job can make them all the more memorable. Look for Vocabulary Words in Context.
Studying a GMAT cheat sheet full of words and mnemonics shouldn’t be the end of your vocabulary studies. Or Disagree. It’s just as important to literature review guide, be able to recognize those words in context. If you’ve signed up to take the GMAT, there’s a good chance that you already read several business publications, so keep an agree or disagree essay, eye out for the words used within those resources. Reading financial newspapers, magazines, and report instructions, online articles that contain GMAT vocabulary words helps you become more familiar with them. After a while, you’ll know what the words mean without having to think about them.
Learn the Test Instructions Before Test Day. When you read the instructions for agree essay prompts, each section before test day arrives, you’ll know what to expect on the actual day. This can make you feel more relaxed about tackling each section. Essay On Being A Responsible Citizen. Also, you won’t have to use your test time reading instructions because you will already know what you’re doing. Always Keep Some Study Materials Close By. When it comes to GMAT tips and strategies, the easiest ones can sometimes be the most effective. Even busy working professionals have free moments throughout the day. It’s a smart idea to use those moments for study and review. For instance, you can work on some practice math problems during a lunch or coffee break. Essay. If you have a dentist or doctor’s appointment, you can use virtual flashcards to quiz yourself on GMAT vocabulary words while you’re sitting in the waiting room. Taking a few minutes each day to review can add up to a lot of on being a responsible productive study time by the end of a week.
Set a Timer for essay, Practice Tests. If you’re concerned about completing each section of the music thesis GMAT within the allotted number of minutes, one of our favorite GMAT hacks is to agree or disagree essay, try setting a timer as you begin each section of a practice test. If the timer goes off before you’re finished with the section, you may be spending too much time on puzzling problems. Or perhaps you’re taking too much time to read the directions for bertha in jane eyre essay, each section rather than familiarizing yourself with them ahead of time. Timing your practice tests helps you establish a rhythm that allows you to get through each section with a few minutes to spare for review.
At Veritas Prep, we provide you with the opportunity to take a free exam . Taking this practice exam allows you to get a clear picture of what you’ll encounter on test day. Get Into the Habit of Eliminating Wrong Answer Options. Another very effective GMAT strategy is to eliminate answer options that are clearly incorrect. With the essay exception of the analytical essay, this can be done on every portion of the test. Taking practice tests gives you the chance to establish this habit. By eliminating obviously incorrect answer options, you are making the most efficient use of your test time. Also, you are making the questions more manageable by giving yourself fewer answers to book instructions, consider. Here at Veritas Prep, our GMAT instructors follow a unique curriculum that shows you how to approach every problem on agree or disagree the test. Cereal Book Report Instructions. We teach you how to strengthen your higher-order thinking skills so you’ll know how to use them to agree or disagree prompts, your advantage on the test. Cereal. Contact our offices today to take advantage of our in-person prep courses or our private tutoring services.
Learn GMAT hacks from professional instructors who’ve mastered the test! How to Solve “Hidden” Factor Problems on essay the GMAT. One of the interesting things to note about newer GMAC Quant questions is that, while many of these questions test our knowledge of multiples and on being citizen, factors, the phrasing of these questions is often more subtle than earlier versions you might have seen. Agree Prompts. For example, if I ask you to find the least common multiple of 6 and 9, I’m not being terribly artful about what topic I’m testing you on – the word “multiple” is in the question itself. But if tell you that I have a certain number of legal cupcakes and, were I so inclined, I could distribute the same number of cupcakes to each of agree essay prompts 6 students with none left over or to each of 9 students with none left over, it’s the same concept, but I’m not telegraphing the subject in the same conspicuous manner as the previous question. This kind of recognition comes in handy for bertha essay, questions like this one:
All boxes in a certain warehouse were arranged in stacks of agree or disagree essay prompts 12 boxes each, with no boxes left over. After 60 additional boxes arrived and no boxes were removed, all the boxes in the warehouse were arranged in stacks of 14 boxes each, with no boxes left over. How many boxes were in the warehouse before the 60 additional boxes arrived? (1) There were fewer than 110 boxes in the warehouse before the yale university phd thesis 60 additional arrived. (2) There were fewer than 120 boxes in or disagree the warehouse after the 60 additional arrived. Initially, we have stacks of 12 boxes with no boxes left over, meaning we could have 12 boxes or 24 boxes or 36 boxes, etc. This is when you want to yale phd thesis, recognize that we’re dealing with a multiple/factor question. That first sentence tells you that the number of boxes is or disagree prompts a multiple of university 12. After 60 more boxes were added, the boxes were arranged in essay stacks of 14 with none left over – after this change, the number of boxes is eyre essay a multiple of 14. Because 60 is, itself, a multiple of agree or disagree essay prompts 12, the new number must remain a multiple of music 12, as well. [If we called the old number of boxes 12x, the new number would be 12x + 60. We could then factor out or disagree essay, a 12 and call this number 12(x + 5.) This number is clearly a multiple of 12.] Therefore the new number, after 60 boxes are added, is book instructions a multiple of both 12 and 14.
Now we can find the least common multiple of agree or disagree essay prompts 12 and 14 to music thesis, ensure that we don’t miss any possibilities. The prime factorization of 12: 2^2 * 3. The prime factorization of 14: 2 * 7. The least common multiple of 12 and 14: 2^2 * 3 * 7 = 84. We now know that, after 60 boxes were added, the total number of or disagree prompts boxes was a multiple of 84. There could have been 84 boxes or 168 boxes, etc.
And before the 60 boxes were added, there could have been 84-60 = 24 boxes or 168-60 = 108 boxes, etc. A brief summary: After 60 boxes were added: 84, 168, 252…. Before 60 boxes were added: 24, 108, 192…. That feels like a lot of work to report instructions, do before even glancing at the statements, but now look at how much easier they are to evaluate! Statement 1 tells us that there were fewer than 110 boxes before the 60 boxes were added, meaning there could have been 24 boxes to start (and 84 once 60 were added), or there could have been 108 boxes to agree or disagree essay, start (and 168 once 60 were added). Because there are multiple potential solutions here, Statement 1 alone is not sufficient to answer the music thesis question. Statement 2 tells us that there were fewer than 120 boxes after 60 boxes were added. This means there could have been 84 boxes – that’s the prompts only possibility, as the next number, 168, already exceeds 120. So we know for a fact that there are 84 boxes after 60 were added, and 24 boxes before they were added.
Statement 2 alone is sufficient, and the answer is B. Takeaway: questions that look strange or funky are always testing concepts that have been tested in the past – otherwise, the exam wouldn’t be standardized. By making these connections, and recognizing that a verbal clue such as “none left over” really means that we’re talking about multiples and factors, we can recognize even the most abstract patterns on the toughest of GMAT questions. By David Goldstein , a Veritas Prep GMAT instructor based in Boston . Cereal Instructions. You can find more articles written by him here . GMAT Probability Practice: Questions and agree prompts, Answers. The Quantitative portion of the GMAT contains questions on a variety of math topics. One of those topics is essay citizen probability. GMAT questions of this sort ask you to look for the likelihood that something will occur. Agree Essay Prompts. Probability is not as familiar to many as Algebra, Geometry, and other topics on the test.
This is why some test-takers hesitate when they see the word “p robability” on essay on being a responsible a summary of the GMAT. However, this is just another topic that can be mastered with study and practice. You may already know that there are certain formulas that can help solve GMAT probability questions, but there is more to these problems than teasing out the right answers. Take a look at or disagree, some advice on how to tackle GMAT probability questions to calm your fears about the test: As you work through GMAT probability practice questions, you will need to know a few formulas. One key formula to remember is that the probability equals the number of desired outcomes divided by the number of bertha in jane eyre possible outcomes. Another formula deals with discrete events and probability – that formula is or disagree essay P(A and B) = P(A)*P(B). Figuring out the probability of an legal essays, event not occurring is agree prompts one minus the probability that the event will occur. Putting these formulas into music piracy practice is the most effective way to remember them.
Is it Enough to Know the Basic Formulas for Probability? Some test-takers believe that once you know the formulas related to probability for GMAT questions, then you have the keys to success on this portion of the test. Unfortunately, that is not always the case. Or Disagree Essay. The creators of the GMAT are not just looking at your ability to plug numbers into formulas – you must understand what each question is asking and why you arrived at a particular answer. Successful business executives use reason and logic to music, arrive at the decisions they make. The creators of the GMAT want to see how good you are at or disagree prompts, using these same tools to solve problems.
The Value of Practice Exams. Taking a practice GMAT can help you determine your skill level when it comes to probability questions and problems on every other section of the literature review guide test. Agree Essay. Also, a practice exam gives you the chance to become accustomed to the amount of time you’ll have to literature guide, finish the various sections of the test. At Veritas Prep, we have one free GMAT practice test available to anyone who wants to agree or disagree prompts, get an idea of how prepared they are for the test. Review. After you take the practice test, you will receive a score report and thorough performance analysis that lets you know how you fared on each section. Your performance analysis can prove to be one of the most valuable resources you have when starting to prepare for the GMAT. Follow-up practice tests can be just as valuable as the first one you take.
These tests reveal your progress on probability problems and other skills on the GMAT. The results can guide you on how to adjust your study schedule to focus more time on the subjects that need it. Getting the or disagree Right Kind of Instruction. When it comes to probability questions, GMAT creators have been known to set subtle traps for test-takers. In some cases, you may happen upon a question with an essay on being a responsible, answer option that jumps out at you as the right choice. This could be a trap. If you study for the GMAT with Veritas Prep, we can teach you how to spot and avoid those sorts of traps. Our talented instructors have not only agree prompts, taken the in jane GMAT; they have mastered it. Each of our tutors received a score that placed them in the 99th percentile. Consequently, if you study with Veritas Prep, you’ll benefit from the experience and agree, knowledge of tutors who have conquered the GMAT. When it comes to probability questions, GMAT tutors at Veritas Prep have you covered!
In addition to providing you with effective GMAT strategies, tips, and top-quality instruction, we also give you choices regarding the format of your courses. We have prep classes that are given online and in person – learn your lessons where you want, and when you want. Essay. You may want to go with our private tutoring option and get a GMAT study plan that is essay prompts tailored to your needs. Contact Veritas Prep today and cereal instructions, dive into your GMAT studies! When to Pick Your Own Numbers on agree or disagree essay prompts GMAT Quant Questions. The other day, while working with a tutoring student, I was enumerating the eyre essay virtues of various test-taking strategies when the student sheepishly interrupted my eloquent paean to picking numbers. She’d read somewhere that these strategies were fine for agree prompts, easy to moderate questions, but that for the toughest questions, you just had to music piracy thesis, bear down and solve the problem formally. Clearly, she is not a regular reader of our fine blog. As luck would have it, on her previous practice exam she’d received the following problem, which both illustrates the value of picking numbers and demonstrates why this approach works so well.
A total of agree 30 percent of the geese included in a certain migration study were male. If some of the geese migrated during the study and review guide, 20 percent of the migrating geese were male, what was the agree essay ratio of the migration rate for university, the male geese to the migration rate for the female geese? [Migration rate for geese of a certain sex = (number of geese of that sex migrating) / (total number of geese of that sex)] This is a perfect opportunity to agree or disagree essay, break out two of my favorite GMAT tools: picking numbers and making charts. So, let’s say there are 100 geese in book report our population.
That means that if 30% are male, we’ll have 30 male geese and 70 females geese, giving us the prompts following chart: Now, let’s say 10 geese were migrating. That means that 90 were not migrating. Moreover, if 20 percent of the migrating geese were male, we know that we’ll have 2 migrating males and 8 migrating females, giving us the following: (Note that if we wanted to, we could fill out the on being a responsible rest of the chart, but there’s no reason to, especially when we’re trying to save as much time as possible.) Our migration rate for the male geese is 2/30 or 1/15. Our migration rate for the female geese is agree or disagree essay prompts 8/70 or 4/35.
Ultimately, we want the ratio of the in jane eyre male migration rate (1/15) to the female migration rate (4/35), so we need to simplify (1/15)/(4/35), or (1*35)/(15*4) = 35/60 = 7/12. And we’re done – B is our answer. My student was skeptical. Agree. How did we know that 10 geese were migrating? What if 20 geese were migrating? Or 50? Shouldn’t that change the yale university result? This is the beauty of picking numbers – it doesn’t matter what number we pick (so long as we don’t end up with an illogical scenario in which, say, the number of migrating male geese is agree greater than the number of total male geese). Literature Guide. To see why, watch what happens when we do this algebraically:
Say that we have a total of “t” geese. If 30% are male, we’ll have 0.30t male geese and 0.70t females geese. Now, let’s call the migrating geese “m.” If 20% are male, we’ll have 0.20m migrating males and 0.80m migrating females. Now our chart will look like this: The migration rate for the male geese is 0.20m/0.30t or 2m/3t. The migration rate for the female geese is 0.80m/0.70t or 8m/7t. We want the prompts ratio of the male migration rate (2m/3t) to the female migration rate (8m/7t), so we need to simplify (2m/3t)/(8m/7t) = (2m*7t)/(3t * 8m) = 14mt/24mt = 7mt/12mt = 7/12. It’s clear now why the numbers we picked for m and bertha in jane, t don’t matter – they cancel out in the end. Takeaway: We cannot say this enough: the GMAT is not testing your ability to do formal algebra.
It’s testing your ability to or disagree essay prompts, make good decisions in yale university a stressful environment. So your goal, when preparing for this test, isn’t to become a virtuoso mathematician, even for the toughest questions. It’s to or disagree essay, practice the kind of simple creative thinking that will get you to your answer with the smallest investment of your time. By David Goldstein , a Veritas Prep GMAT instructor based in Boston . You can find more articles written by review him here . How to Use Units Digits to Avoid Doing Painful Calculations on the GMAT. During the first session of each new class I teach, we do a quick primer on agree prompts the utility of units digits. Imagine I want to solve 130,467 * 367,569. Without a calculator, we are surely entering a world of hurt. But we can see almost instantaneously what the units digit of this product would be. The units digit of 130,467 * 367,569 would be the same as the literature review guide units digit of 7*9, as only the units digits of the or disagree prompts larger numbers are relevant in such a calculation.
7*9 = 63, so the literature review guide units digit of agree or disagree 130,467 * 367,569 is 3. This is one of those concepts that is so simple and elegant that it seems too good to be true. And yet, this simple, elegant rule comes into play on the GMAT with surprising frequency. Take this question for example: If n is a positive integer, how many of the ten digits from 0 through 9 could be the units digit of report instructions n^3? Surely, you think, the solution to this question can’t be as simple as cubing the easiest possible numbers to see how many different units digits result. Agree Or Disagree Essay Prompts. And yet that’s exactly what we’d do here. 3^3 = 27 a units 7. 4^3 = 64 a units 4. 5^3 = ends in 5 (Fun fact: 5 raised to any positive integer will end in 5.) 6^3 = ends in 6 (Fun fact: 6 raised to any positive integer will end in 6.)
7^3 = ends in cereal book report 3 (Well 7*7 = 49. 49*7 isn’t that hard to calculate, but only the units digit matters, and 9*7 is 63, so 7^3 will end in or disagree 3.) 8^3 = ends in 2 (Well, 8*8 = 64, and 4*8 = 32, so 8^3 will end in 2.) 9^3 = ends in 9 (9*9 = 81 and 1 * 9 = 9, so 9^3 will end in 9.) Amazingly, when I cube all the integers from 1 to 10 inclusive, I get 10 different units digits.
Pretty neat. The answer is E. Of course, this question specifically invoked the term “units digit.” What are the odds of legal essays that happening? Maybe not terribly high, but any time there’s a painful calculation, you’d want to consider thinking about the units digits. Take this question, for example: A certain stock exchange designates each stock with a one, two or three letter code, where each letter is selected from the 26 letters of the alphabet. If the letters may be replaced and agree or disagree, if the writing legal same letters used in a different order constitute a different code, how many different stocks is it possible to uniquely designate with these codes? Conceptually, this one doesn’t seem that bad. If I wanted to agree, make a one-letter code, there’d be 26 ways I could do so. If I wanted to make a two-letter code, there’d be 26*26 or 26^2 ways I could do so.
If I wanted to make a three-letter code, there’d be 26*26*26, or 26^3 ways I could so. So the total number of codes I could make, given the conditions of the problem, would be 26 + 26^2 + 26^3. Hopefully, at this point, you notice two things. First, this arithmetic will be deeply unpleasant to do. Yale University. Second, all of the answer choices have different units digits! Now remember that 6 raised to any positive integer will always end in 6. So the units digit of 26 is 6, and the units digit of 26^2 is 6 and or disagree essay, the units digit of 26^3 is also 6. Therefore, the units digit of 26 + 26^2 + 26^3 will be the yale university phd thesis same as the units digit of 6 + 6 + 6. Because 6 + 6 + 6 = 18, our answer will end in an 8. The only possibility here is E. Pretty nifty. Takeaway: Painful arithmetic can always be avoided on the GMAT. When calculating large numbers, note that we can quickly find the essay prompts units digit with minimal effort. If all the answer choices have different units digits, the question writer is blatantly telegraphing how to approach this problem. By David Goldstein , a Veritas Prep GMAT instructor based in essay on being Boston . You can find more articles written by him here . How to Approach Difficult GMAT Problems.
My students have a hard time understanding what makes a difficult GMAT question difficult. They assume that the tougher questions are either testing something they don’t know, or that these problems involve a dizzying level of complexity that requires an algebraic proficiency that’s simply beyond them. One of my main goals in teaching a class is to persuade everyone that this is not, in agree or disagree fact, how hard questions work on this test. Hard questions don’t ask you do to something you don’t know how to do. Rather, they’re cleverly designed to in jane essay, provoke an anxiety response that makes it difficult to realize that you do know exactly how to solve the problem. Take this official question, for example:
Let a, b, c and d be nonzero real numbers. If the quadratic equation ax(cx + d) = -b(cx +d) is solved for x, which of the following is a possible ratio of the 2 solutions? Most students see this and panic. Often, they’ll start by multiplying out the or disagree left side of the equation, see that the expression is horrible (acx^2 + adx), and take this as evidence that this question is beyond their skill level. On Being A Responsible Citizen. And, of course, the question was designed to elicit precisely this response. So when I do this problem in class, I always start by telling my students, much to essay prompts, their surprise, that every one of them already knows how to thesis, do this. They’ve just succumbed to the question writer’s attempt to convince them otherwise. So let’s start simple.
I’ll write the following on the board: xy = 0. Agree Essay Prompts. Then I’ll ask what we know about x or y. And my students shrug and say x or y (or both) is equal to 0. They’ll also wonder what on earth such a simple identity has to do with the university phd thesis algebraic mess of the or disagree prompts question they’d been struggling with. I’ll then write this: zx + zy = 0. Again, I’ll ask what we know about the variables. Essays. Most will quickly see that we can factor out essay prompts, a “z” and get z(x+y) = 0. And again, applying the writing better legal same logic, we see that one of the two components of the agree or disagree prompts product must equal zero – either z = 0 or x + y = 0. Next, I’ll ask if they would approach the problem any differently if I’d given them zx = -zy – they wouldn’t. Now it clicks.
We can take our initial equation in essay a responsible the aforementioned problem: ax(cx +d) = -b(cx+d), and see that we have a ‘cx + d’ on both sides of the equation, just as we’d had a “z” on both sides of the previous example. If I’m able to get everything on prompts one side of the a responsible equation, I can factor out the common term. Now ax(cx +d) = -b(cx+d) becomes ax(cx +d) + b(cx+d) = 0. Just as we factored out a “z” in the previous example, we can factor out “cx + d” in this one. Now we have (cx + d)(ax + b) = 0. Again, if we multiply two expressions to get a product of zero, we know that at agree essay, least one of those expressions must equal 0. Yale Phd Thesis. Either cx + d = 0 or ax + b = 0.
If cx + d = 0, then x = -d/c. If ax + b = 0, then x = -b/a. Therefore, our two possible solutions for x are –d/c and –b/a. Or Disagree Prompts. So, the ratio of the two would simply be (-d/c)/(-b/a). Recall that dividing by a fraction is the equivalent of multiplying by the reciprocal, so we’re ultimately solving for (-d/c)(-a/b). Multiplying two negatives gives us a positive, and we end up with da/cb, which is equivalent to yale university, answer choice E. Takeaway: Anytime you see something on agree or disagree essay the GMAT that you think you don’t know how to do, remind yourself that the question was designed to create this false impression. You know how to do it – don’t hesitate to dive in and search for how to apply this knowledge. By David Goldstein , a Veritas Prep GMAT instructor based in Boston . Bertha Eyre. You can find more articles written by him here . How to Reach a 99th Percentile GMAT Score Using No New Academic Strategies. Last week I received an email from an old student who’d just retaken the GMAT. Agree Essay. He was writing to let me know that he’d just received a 770.
Of course, I was ecstatic for him, but I was even more excited once I considered what his journey could mean for other students. His story is a fairly typical one: like the vast majority of bertha in jane eyre essay GMAT test-takers, he enrolled in the class looking to hit a 700. Or Disagree Essay Prompts. His scores improved steadily throughout the course, and when he took the test the first time, he’d received a 720, which was in line with his last two practice exams. Piracy. After he finished the official test, he called me – both because he was feeling pretty good about his score but also because a part of or disagree him was sure he could do better. My feeling at the time was that there really wasn’t any pressing need for a retake: a 720 is a fantastic score, and once you hit that level of success, the incremental gains of an in jane, improvement begin to suffer from the law of diminishing returns. Agree Essay. Still, when you’re talking about the most competitive MBA programs, you want any edge you can get. Moreover, he’d already made up his mind. He wanted to retake. Part of his decision was rooted in principle. He was sure he could hit the 99 th percentile, and phd thesis, he wanted to prove it to himself. The problem, he noted, was that he’d already mastered the test’s content.
So if there was nothing left for him to learn, how did he jump to the 99 th percentile? The answer can be found in agree prompts the vast body of literature enumerating the psychological variables that influence test scores. We like to think of tests as detached analytic tools that measure how well we’ve mastered a given topic. In reality, our mastery of the content is a responsible citizen one small aspect of performance. Many of us know this from experience – we’ve all had the experience of studying hard for a test, feeling as though we know everything cold, and then ending up with a score that didn’t seem to reflect how well we’d learned the material. After I looked at the research, it was clear that the two most important psychological variables were 1) confidence and 2) how well test-takers managed test anxiety. Agree Or Disagree Essay Prompts. (And there’s every reason to believe that those two variables are interconnected.)
I’ve written in the past about how a mindfulness meditation practice can boost test day performance . On Being A Responsible Citizen. I’ve also written about how perceiving anxiety as excitement, rather than as a nefarious force that needs to be conquered, has a similarly salutary effect. Recently I came across a pair of newer studies. In one, researchers found that when students wrote in their journals for 10 minutes about their test-taking anxiety the morning of their exams, their scores went up substantially. In another, the social psychologist Amy Cuddy found that body language had a profound impact on performance in all sorts of agree essay prompts domains. For example, her research has revealed that subjects who assumed “power poses” for two minutes before a job interview projected more confidence during the interview and were better able to solve problems than a control group that assumed more lethargic postures. (To see what these power poses look like, check out Cuddy’s fascinating Ted talk here .) Moreover, doing power poses actually created a physiological change, boosting testosterone and reducing the stress hormone Cortisol. Though her research wasn’t targeted specifically at literature guide, test-takers, there’s every reason to believe that there would be a beneficial effect for students who practiced power poses before an agree or disagree essay, exam. Piracy. Many teachers acquainted with Cuddy’s research now recommend that their students do this before tests.
So the missing piece of the puzzle for essay, my student was simply confidence. Writing Better Legal. His strategies hadn’t changed. His knowledge of the core concepts was the same. The only difference was his psychological approach. So now I’m recommending that all of my students do the following to agree essay, cultivate an in jane eyre, ideal mindset for producing their best possible test scores: Perform mindfulness meditation for the two weeks leading up to the exam. Prompts. Reframe test-day anxiety as excitement. Spend 10 minutes the cereal report morning of the test writing in a journal. Agree Or Disagree. Practice two minutes of power poses in the waiting room before sitting for university, the exam and between the Quant and Verbal section. By David Goldstein , a Veritas Prep GMAT instructor based in or disagree prompts Boston . You can find more articles written by him here . Don’t Swim Against the Arithmetic Currents on the GMAT Quant Section. When I was a child, I was terrified of literature guide riptides.
Partially, this was a function of or disagree having been raised by phd thesis unusually neurotic parents who painstakingly instilled this fear in me, and partially this was a function of or disagree essay prompts having inherited a set of thesis genes that seems to have predisposed me towards neuroticism. (The point, of agree or disagree prompts course, is that my parents are to essay a responsible, blame for everything. Perhaps there is agree a better venue for discussing these issues.) If there’s a benefit to fears, it’s that they serve as potent motivators to find solutions to the troubling predicaments that prompt them. The solution to dealing with riptides is to avoid struggling against the current. The water is more powerful than you are, so a fight is a losing proposition – rather, you want to wait for an opportunity to swim with the current and allow the surf to bring you back to university, shore. Agree. There’s a profound wisdom here that translates to many domains, including the instructions GMAT. In class, whenever we review a strategy, my students are usually comfortable applying it almost immediately. Agree Or Disagree Essay. Their deeper concern is about when to apply the strategy, as they’ll invariably find that different approaches work with different levels of efficacy on different problems. Better. Moreover, even if one has a good strategy in mind, the way the essay prompts strategy is best applied is often context-dependent. When we’re picking numbers, we can say that x = 2 or x = 100 or x = 10,000; the key is not to go in with a single approach in mind. Put another way, don’t swim against report, the arithmetic currents.
Let’s look at some questions to see this approach in action: At a picnic there were 3 times as many adults as children and essay prompts, twice as many women as men. If there was a total of x men, women, and children at the picnic, how many men were there, in terms of x? The moment we see “x,” we can consider picking numbers. The key here is contemplating how complicated the number should be. Swim with the current – let the better legal essays question tell you. Or Disagree Essay Prompts. A quick look at the answer choices reveals that x could be something simple. Ultimately, we’re just dividing this value by writing 2, 3, 4, 5, or 6. Keeping this in mind, let’s think about the first line of the question. If there are 3 times as many adults as children, and we’re keeping things simple, we can say that there are 3 adults and 1 child, for a total of 4 people. So, x = 4.
Now, we know that among our 3 adults, there are twice as many women as men. So let’s say there are 2 women and 1 man. Easy enough. Agree Essay Prompts. In sum, we have 2 women, 1 man, and cereal book report, 1 child at this picnic, and a total of 4 people. The question is how many men are there? There’s just 1! So now we plug x = 4 into agree the answers and keep going until we find x = 1. Clearly x/4 will work, so C is our answer. The key was to let the question dictate our approach rather than trying to impose an yale university, approach on or disagree prompts the question. Let’s try another one:
Last year, sales at Company X were 10% greater in February than in January, 15% less in March than in February, 20% greater in April than in March, 10% less in May than in April, and 5% greater in legal June than in May. On which month were sales closes to the sales in January? Great, you say. Agree Essay Prompts. It’s a percent question. So you know that picking 100 is often a good idea. So, let’s say sales in January were 100.
If we want the month when sales were closest to January’s level, we want the month when sales were closest to guide, 100, Sales in February were 10% greater, so February sales were 110. (Remember that if sales increase by 10%, we can multiply the original number by 1.1. If they decrease by 10% we could multiply by 0.9, and so forth.) So far so good. Agree Or Disagree Prompts. Sales in March were 15% less than in February. Well, if sales in book instructions Feb were 110, then the agree prompts sales in writing legal March must be 110*(0.85).
Hmm… A little tougher, but not insurmountable. Now, sales in April were 20% greater than they were in March, meaning that April sales would be 110*(0.85)*1.2. Uh oh. Once you see that sales are 10% less in May than they were in April, we know that sales will be 110*(0.85)*1.2*0.9. Now you need to stop. Don’t swim against agree essay prompts, the current. University Phd Thesis. The arithmetic is getting hard and is going to become time-consuming. The question asks which month is closest to 100, so we don’t have to calculate precise values.
We can estimate a bit. Agree Or Disagree Prompts. Let’s double back and try to simplify month by month, keeping things as simple as possible. Our February sales were simple: 110. March sales were 110*0.85 – an unpleasant number. Yale University. So, let’s try thinking about this a little differently. Agree Or Disagree. 100*0.85 = 85. On Being. 10*0.85 = 8.5. Or Disagree Essay Prompts. Add them together and we get 85 + 8.5 = 93.5.
Let’s make life easier on ourselves – we’ll round up, and call this number 94. April sales are 20% more than March sales. Well, 20% of 100 is clearly 20, so 20% of 94 will be a little less than that. Say it’s 18. Now sales are up to legal, 94 + 18 = 112. Still not close to 100, so we’ll keep going. May sales are 10% less than April sales. 10% of 112 is about 11. Subtract 11 from 112, and you get 101. We’re looking for the number closest to essay prompts, 100, so we’ve got our answer – it’s D, May.
Takeaway: Don’t try to impose your will on GMAT questions. Use the on being structural clues of the problems to agree or disagree, dictate how you implement your strategy, and be prepared to adjust midstream. The goal is never to cereal report instructions, conquer the or disagree ocean, but rather, to ride the waves to literature guide, calmer waters. By David Goldstein , a Veritas Prep GMAT instructor based in Boston . You can find more articles written by him here . GMAT Tip of the essay Week: Exit the GMAT Test Center…Don’t Brexit It. Across much of the university phd thesis United Kingdom today, referendum voters are asking themselves “ wait, did I think that through thoroughly? ” in the aftermath of agree or disagree essay yesterday’s Brexit vote. University Phd Thesis. Some voters have already admitted that they’d like a do-over , while evidence from Google searches in the hours immediately following the or disagree prompts poll closures show that many Brits did a good deal of research after the fact. And regardless of whether you side with Leave or Stay as it corresponds to the EU, if your goal is to Leave your job to Stay at a top MBA program in the near future, you’d be well-served to essay, learn a lesson from those experiencing Brexit Remorse today.
How can the Brexit aftermath improve you GMAT score? Pregrets, Not Regrets (Yes, Brexiters…we can combine words too.) The first lesson is quite simple. Or Disagree Essay. Unlike those who returned home from the polls to immediately research “What should I have read up on music thesis beforehand?” you should make sure that you do your GMAT study before you get to the test center, not after you’ve (br)exited it with a score as disappointing as this morning’s Dow Jones. But that doesn’t just mean, “Study before the test!” – an or disagree prompts, obvious tip.
It also means, “ Anticipate the things you’ll wish you had thought about .” Which means that you should go into music the test center with list of “pregrets” and not leave the or disagree test center with a list of regrets. Having “pregrets” means that you already know before you get to the test center what your likely regrets will be, so that you can fix them in better legal the moment and not lament them after you’ve seen your score. Your list of pregrets should be a summary of the agree or disagree essay most common mistakes you’ve made on your practice tests, things like: On Data Sufficiency, I’d better not forget to consider negative numbers and review, nonintegers. Or Disagree. Before I start doing algebra, I should check the answer choices to see if I can stop with an better essays, estimate. I always blank on agree essay prompts the 30-60-90 divisibility rule, so I should memorize it one more time in bertha in jane eyre essay the parking lot and write it down as soon as I get my noteboard. Reading Comprehension inferences must be true, so always look for prompts, proof. Slow down when writing 4’s and 7’s on scratchwork, since when I rush they tend to cereal book, look too much alike. Check after every 10 questions to make sure I’m on a good pace.
Any mistakes you’ve made more than once on agree essay practice tests, any formulas that you know you’re apt to bertha in jane, blank on, any reminders to yourself that “when X happens, that’s when the test starts to go downhill” – these are all items that you can plan for in advance. Your debriefs of or disagree essay your practice tests are previews of the real thing, so you should arrive at the test center with your pregrets in mind so that you can avoid having them become regrets. Much like select English voters, many GMAT examinees can readily articulate, “I should have read/studied/prepare for _____” within minutes of completing their exam, and eyre, very frequently, those elements are not a surprise. So anticipate in the hour/day before the test what your regrets might be in the hours/days immediately following the agree or disagree essay prompts test, and you can avoid that immediate remorse. Much like a Brexit vote, you only get one shot at each GMAT problem, and then the results lead to piracy thesis, consequences. But the GMAT gives you a chance to save yourself from or disagree yourself – you have to yale university phd thesis, both select your answer and confirm it. So, unlike those who voted and prompts, then came home to Google asking, “Did I do the right thing?” you should ask yourself that question before you confirm your answer. Better Essays. Again, your pregrets are helpful. Before you submit your answer, ask yourself: Did I solve for the proper variable? Does this number make logical sense?
Does this answer choice create a logical sentence when I read it back to myself? Does this Inference answer have to be true, or is there a chance it’s not? Am I really allowed to perform that algebraic operation? Let me try it with small numbers to make sure… There will, of course, be some problems on prompts the GMAT that you simply don’t know how to do, and you’ll undoubtedly get some problems wrong. But for those problems that you really should have gotten right, the worst thing that can happen is cereal book realizing a question or two later that you blew it. Almost every GMAT examinee can immediately add 30 points to his score by simply taking back those points he would have given away by agree essay prompts rushing through a problem and making a mistake he’d be humiliated to know he made. So, take that extra 5-10 seconds on literature each question to double check for common mistakes, even if that means you have to burn a guess later in agree or disagree the section. If you minimize those mistakes on literature review guide questions within your ability level, that guess will come on a problem you should get wrong, anyway.
Like a Brexit voter, the best you can do the agree or disagree day before and day of your important decision-making day is to prepare to make the best decisions you can make. Book Instructions. If you’re right, you’re right, and if you’re wrong, you’re wrong, and essay, you may never know which is which (the GMAT won’t release your questions/answers and the Brexit decision will take time to play out). The key is making sure that you don’t leave with immediate regrets that you made bad decisions or didn’t take the short amount of on being time to prepare yourself for better ones. Or Disagree Prompts. Enter the test center with pregrets; don’t Brexit it with regrets. How to Simplify Percent Questions on music piracy the GMAT. One of the most confounding aspects of the GMAT is its tendency to make simple concepts seem far more complex than they are in agree prompts reality. Percent questions are an excellent example of this.
When I introduce this topic, I’ll typically start by book instructions asking my class the following question: If you’ve completed 10% of agree essay a project how much is yale university phd thesis left to agree or disagree prompts, do? I have never, in all my years of teaching, had a class that was unable to better legal essays, tell me that 90% of the project remains. It’s more likely that they’ll react as though I’m insulting their collective intelligence. And yet, when test-takers see this concept under pressure, they’ll often fail to recognize it. Take the following question, for example: Dara ran on a treadmill that had a readout indicating the time remaining in her exercise session. When the readout indicated 24 min 18 sec, she had completed 10% of her exercise session. Or Disagree Essay. The readout indicated which of the following when she had completed 40% of her exercise session. Hopefully, you’ve noticed that this question is testing the same simple concept that I use when introducing percent problems to my class. And yet, in my experience, a solid majority of in jane eyre essay students are stumped by this problem.
The reason, I suspect, is twofold. Agree Or Disagree Essay Prompts. First, that figure – 24 min. 18 sec. – is cereal instructions decidedly unfriendly. Agree Or Disagree Essay. Painful math often lends itself to careless mistakes and can easily trigger a panic response. Second, anxiety causes us to work faster, and when we work faster, we’re often unable to recognize patterns that would be clearer to us if we were calm. There’s interesting research on this. Psychologists, knowing that the color red prompts an anxiety response and that the color blue has a calming effect, conducted a study in which test-takers had to literature review, answer math questions – the questions were given to some subjects on paper with a red background and to other subjects on agree or disagree essay prompts paper with a blue background. (The control group had questions on standard white paper.) The red anxiety-producing background noticeably lowered scores and the calming blue background boosted scores. Now, the GMAT doesn’t give you a red background, but it does give you unfriendly-seeming numbers that likely have the same effect.
So, this question is as much about psychology as it is about mathematical proficiency. Our job is to take a deep breath or two and rein in our anxiety before we proceed. If Dara has completed 10% of her workout, we know she has 90% of her workout remaining. So, that 24 min. 18 sec. presents 90% of her total workout. If we designate her total workout time as “t,” we end up with the better legal following equation: 24 min. 18 sec. = 0.90t. Let’s work with fractions to solve. 18 seconds is 18/60 minutes, which simplifies to 3/10 minutes.
0.9 is 9/10, so we can rewrite our equation as: Not so bad. Dara’s full workout is 27 minutes long. We want to know how much time is remaining when Dara has completed 40% of her workout. Well, if she’s completed 40% of her workout, we know she has 60% of her workout remaining.
If her full workout is 27 minutes, then 60% of this value is 0.60*27 = (3/5)*27 = 81/5 = 16 + 1/5, or 16 minutes 12 seconds. And we’ve got our answer: E. Now, let’s say you get this problem with 20 seconds remaining on the clock and you simply don’t have time to solve it properly. Let’s estimate. Say, instead of 24 min 18 seconds remaining, Dara had 24 minutes remaining (so we know we’re going to underestimate the or disagree essay answer). If that’s 90% of cereal book instructions her workout time, 24 = (9/10)t, or 240/9 = t. We want 60% of this, so we want (240/9)*(3/5). Because 240/5 = 48 and agree or disagree, 9/3 = 3, (240/9)*(3/5) = 48/3 = 16.
We know that the correct answer is over 16 minutes and better essays, that we’ve significantly underestimated – makes sense to go with E. Takeaway: Don’t let the question-writer trip you up with figures concocted to essay, make you nervous. Take a breath, and remember that the concepts being tested are the same ones that, when boiled down to their essence, are a breeze when we’re calm. By David Goldstein , a Veritas Prep GMAT instructor based in Boston . Review. You can find more articles written by him here . GMAT Tip of the agree Week: The Least Helpful Waze To Study. If you drive in a large city, chances are you’re at least familiar with Waze , a navigation app that leverages user data to suggest time-saving routes that avoid traffic and construction and that shave off seconds and minutes with shortcuts on lesser-used streets. And chances are that you’ve also, at literature guide, some point or another, been inconvenienced by Waze, whether by a devout user cutting blindly across several lanes to make a suggested turn, by agree the app requiring you to cut through smaller streets and alleys to save a minute, or by Waze users turning your once-quiet side street into the Talladega Superspeedway. To its credit, Waze is correcting one of better essays its most common user complaints – that it often leads users into agree or disagree essay prompts harrowing and time-consuming left turns. But another major concern still looms, and review guide, it’s one that could damage both your fender and your chances on the GMAT: Beware the agree essay shortcuts and cereal, “crutches” that save you a few seconds, but in doing so completely remove all reasoning and or disagree essay prompts, awareness.
With Waze, we’ve all seen it happen: someone so beholden to, “I must turn left on piracy 9th Street because the app told me to!” will often barrel through two lanes of traffic – with no turn signal – to make that turn…not realizing that the trip would have taken the exact same amount of essay prompts time, with much less risk to the driver and everyone else on the road, had he waited a block or two to safely merge left and turn on 10th or 11th. By focusing so intently on better the app’s “don’t worry about paying attention…we’ll tell you when to turn” features, the driver was unaware of agree or disagree essay other cars and of earlier opportunities to safely make the merge in the desired direction. The GMAT offers similar pitfalls when examinees rely too heavily on “turn your brain off” tricks and techniques. As you learn and better legal, practice them, strategies like the “plumber butt” for agree or disagree, rates and averages may seem quick, easy, and “turn your brain off” painless. But the on being a responsible citizen last thing you want to do on a higher-order thinking test like the GMAT is agree or disagree essay prompts completely turn your brain off. For example, a “turn your brain off” rate problem might say: John drives at an average rate of 45 miles per hour. How many miles will he drive in 2.5 hours? And using a Waze-style crutch, you could remember that to book, get distance you multiply time by rate so you’d get 112.5 miles.
That may be a few seconds faster than performing the algebra by thinking “Rate = Distance over Time”; 45 = D/2.5; 45(2.5) = D; D = 112.5. But where a shortcut crutch saves you time on or disagree easier problems, it can leave you helpless on longer problems that are designed to make you think. Citizen. Consider this Data Sufficiency example: A factory has three types of prompts machines – A, B, and C – each of university phd thesis which works at its own constant rate. How many widgets could one machine A, one Machine B, and prompts, one Machine C produce in one 8-hour day? (1) 7 Machine As and book instructions, 11 Machine Bs can produce 250 widgets per hour. (2) 8 Machine As and 22 Machine Cs can produce 600 widgets per hour. Here, simply trying to agree essay, plug the information into a simple diagram will lead you directly to choice E. Book. You simply cannot separate the rate of agree or disagree A from the rate of B, or the book instructions rate of B from the prompts rate of in jane C. It will not fit into the classic “rate pie / plumber’s butt” diagram that many test-takers use as their “I hate rates so I’ll just do this trick instead” crutch.
However, those who have their critical thinking mind turned on will notice two things: that choice E is agree or disagree essay prompts kind of obvious (the algebra doesn’t get you very close to solving for any one machine’s rate) so it’s worth pressing the issue for the “reward” answer of C, and that if you simply arrange the bertha in jane eyre essay algebra there are similarities between the number of B and of C: 7(Rate A) + 11(Rate B) = 250. 8(Rate A) + 22(Rate C) = 600. Since 11 is half of 22, one way to play with this is to double the first equation so that you at least have the same number of Bs as Cs (and remember…those are the only two machines that you don’t have “together” in either statement, so relating one to the other may help). If you do, then you have:
Then if you sum the questions (Where does the third 22 come from? Oh, 14 + 8, the coefficients for A.), you have: 22A + 22B + 22C = 1100. So, A + B + C = 50, and now you know the rate for one of each machine. Agree Or Disagree Essay. The two statements together are sufficient, but the road to get there comes from essay awareness and algebra, not from reliance on a trick designed to make easy problems even easier. The lesson? Much like Waze, which can lead to lack-of-awareness accidents and to shortcuts that dramatically up the or disagree essay degree of cereal book difficulty for a minimal time savings, you should take caution when deciding to memorize and rely upon a knee-jerk trick in your GMAT preparation.
Many are willing (or just unaware that this is the essay decision) to sacrifice mindfulness and awareness to on being a responsible, save 10 seconds here or there, but then fall for or disagree prompts, trap answers because they weren’t paying attention or become lost when problems are more involved because they weren’t prepared. So, be choosy in yale the tricks and shortcuts you decide to adopt! If a shortcut saves you a minute or two of calculations, it’s worth the time it takes to learn and master it (but probably never worth completely avoiding the “long way” or knowing the general concept). But if its time savings are minimal and its grand reward is that, “Hey, you don’t have to or disagree prompts, understand math to do this!” you should be wary of how well it will serve your aspirations of scores above around 600. Don’t let these slick shortcut waze of avoiding math drive you straight into an accident . Unless the time savings are game-changing, you shouldn’t make a trade that gains you a few seconds of efficiency on literature select, easier problems in exchange for your awareness and understanding. How to Simplify Sequences on the GMAT. The GMAT loves sequence questions. Agree Or Disagree Essay Prompts. Test-takers, not surprisingly, do not feel the in jane essay same level of affection for agree, this topic. In some ways, it’s a peculiar reaction. A sequence is really just a set of numbers. It may be infinite, it may be finite, but it’s this very open-endedness, this dizzying level of cereal book report fuzzy abstraction, that can make sequences so difficult to mentally corral.
If you are one of the many people who fear and agree essay prompts, dislike sequences, your main consolation should come from the better legal essays fact that the main weapon in the question writer’s arsenal is the very fear these questions might elicit. And if you have been a reader of this blog for any length of agree or disagree essay time, you know that the best way to combat this anxiety is to music thesis, dive in essay and convert abstractions into yale phd thesis something concrete, either by or disagree prompts listing out some portion of the sequence, or by writing better using the or disagree essay answer choices and working backwards. Take this question for in jane eyre, example: For a certain set of agree or disagree numbers, if x is in the set, then x – 3 is also in the set. If the number 1 is in the set, which of the following must also be in the set? Okay, so let’s list out the elements in this set. We know that 1 is in the set. If x= 1, then x – 3 = -2.
So -2 is in the set. If x = -2 is in the set, then x – 3 = -5. Music Piracy. So -5 is in the set. By this point, the pattern should be clear: each term is three less than the previous term, giving us a sequence that looks like this: 1, -2, -5, -8, -11…. So we look at or disagree prompts, our options, and see we that only guide, III is true. And we’re done. That’s it.
The answer is C. Sure, Dave , you may say. That is much easier than any question I’m going to see on the GMAT. First, this is an official question, so I’m not sure where you’re getting the idea that you’d never see a question like this. Second, you’d be surprised by how many test-takers get this wrong. There is the temptation to assume that if 1 is in the set, then 4 must also be in the set. And note that this is, in fact, a possibility. If x = 4, then x – 3 = 1. Or Disagree Prompts. But the question asks us what “must be” in the set. So it’s possible that 4 is in our set.
But it’s also possible our set begins with 1, in piracy thesis which case 4 would not be included. This little wrinkle is enough to generate a substantial number of agree prompts incorrect responses. Still, surely the questions get harder than this. Well, yes. They do.
So what are you waiting for? I’m not sure where this testy impatience is coming from, but if you insist: The sequence a 1 , a 2 , a 3 , . . , a n of literature guide n integers is such that a k = k if k is odd and a k = -a k-1 if k is even. Is the sum of the terms in the sequence positive? Yikes! Hey, you asked for a harder one. This question looks far more complicated than the previous one, but we can attack it the same way.
Let’s establish our sequence: a 1 is the first term in agree or disagree essay the sequence. We’re told that a k = k if k is a responsible odd . Well, 1 is odd, so now we know that a 1 = 1. So far so good. So, here’s our sequence so far: 1, -1… Let’s keep going. a 3 is the third term in the sequence. Remember that a k = k if k is odd . Or Disagree Essay Prompts. 3 is essay odd, so now we know that a 3 = 3. Now our sequence looks like this: 1, -1, 3, -3…
By this point we should see the agree essay prompts pattern. Thesis. Every odd term is a positive number that is dictated by its place in the sequence (the first term = 1, the third term = 3, etc.) and every even term is simply the previous term multiplied by -1. We’re asked about the sum: After one term, we have 1. After two terms, we have 1 + (-1) = 0. After three terms, we have 1 + (-1) + 3 = 3. After four terms, we have 1 + (-1) + 3 + (-3) = 0. Notice the agree prompts trend: after every odd term, the literature review guide sum is positive. After every even term, the sum is 0. So the initial question, “ Is the sum of the terms in agree or disagree the sequence positive?” c an be rephrased as, “Are there an ODD number of citizen terms in the sequence?” Now to the statements.
Statement 1 tells us that there are an odd number of terms in the sequence. That clearly answers our rephrased question, because if there are an odd number of terms, the sum will be positive. This is sufficient. Statement 2 tells us that a n is positive. a n is the last term in the sequence. If that term is or disagree prompts positive, then, according to the pattern we’ve established, that term must be odd, meaning that the sum of the music piracy thesis sequence is positive. This is agree or disagree also sufficient. And the in jane essay answer is D, either statement alone is sufficient to answer the question. Takeaway: sequence questions are nothing to agree essay prompts, fear. Like everything else on the GMAT, the music main obstacle we need to overcome is the self-fulfilling prophesy that we don’t know how to proceed, when, in fact, all we need to do is simplify things a bit. By David Goldstein , a Veritas Prep GMAT instructor based in Boston . You can find more articles written by him here . You’re Fooling Yourself: The GMAT is NOT the SAT! While a fair number of GMAT test takers study for or disagree essay prompts, and complete the exam a number of years into their professional career (the average age of a B-school applicant is 28, a good 6-7 years removed from their undergraduate graduation), you may be one of the ambitious few who is studying for the GMAT during, or immediately following, your undergraduate studies.
There are pros and cons to applying to business school entry straight out of undergraduate – your application lacks the review guide core work experience that many of the or disagree higher-tier programs prefer, but unlike the music piracy competition, you have not only taken a standardized test in the past 6 years, but you are also (likely) still in the studying mindset and know (versus trying to remember) exactly what it takes to prepare for a difficult exam. However, you may also fall into or disagree essay prompts a common trap that many younger test takers find themselves in – you decide to yale phd thesis, tackle the GMAT like your old and recent friend, the SAT. Now, are there similarities between the GMAT and SAT? Of course. For starters, the SAT and GMAT are both multiple-choice standardized exams.
The math section of the SAT covers arithmetic, geometry, and algebra, just like the quantitative section of the agree or disagree GMAT, with some overlap in statistics and probability. Both exams test a core, basic understanding of cereal book English grammar, and ask you to answer questions based on your comprehension of dry, somewhat complex reading passages. The SAT and agree or disagree essay prompts, GMAT also both require you write essays (although the essay on the SAT is now optional), and timing and pacing are issues on both exams, though perhaps more so on the GMAT. But this is largely where the overlap ends. Review. So, does that mean everything you know and prepped for the SAT should be thrown out the or disagree window?
Not necessarily, but it does require a fundamental shift in thinking. While applying your understanding of the Pythagorean Theorem, factorization, permutations, and music thesis, arithmetic sequences from the agree essay prompts SAT will certainly help you begin to tackle GMAT quantitative questions, there are key differences in what the GMAT is looking to assess versus the College Board, and university, with that, the strategy in or disagree prompts tackling these questions should also be quite different. Simply put, the GMAT is thesis testing how you think, not what you know. This makes sense, when you think about what types of skills are required in business school and, eventually, in the management of business and people. GMAC doesn’t hide what the GMAT is looking to assess – in fact, goals of the GMAT’s assessment are clearly stated on its website : The GMAT exam is agree essay designed to test skills that are highly important to music thesis, business and management programs.
It assesses analytical writing and agree or disagree prompts, problem-solving abilities, along with the data sufficiency, logic, and critical reasoning skills that are vital to real-world business and management success. In June 2012, the GMAT exam introduced Integrated Reasoning, a new section designed to bertha eyre, measure a test taker’s ability to evaluate information presented in new formats and from multiple sources-skills necessary for management students to succeed in agree or disagree essay prompts a technologically advanced and data-rich world. To successfully show that you are a candidate worth considering, in your preparation for the exam, make sure you consider what the right strategy and approach will be. Strategy, strategy, strategy. You need to understand which rabbit holes the phd thesis GMAT can take you down, what tricks not to fall for (especially via misdirection), and how identification of question types can best inform the next steps you take. An additional, and or disagree prompts, really, really important point is to keep in mind is that the GMAT is a computer-adaptive exam, not a pen-and-paper test. Computer-adaptive means that your answer selection dictates the difficulty level of the university phd thesis next question – stacking itself up to a very accurate assessment of how easily you are able to answer easy, medium, and hard questions.
Computer-adaptive also means you are not able to agree or disagree essay prompts, skip around, or go back to writing, questions… including the reading comprehension ones. Just like on prompts any game show, you must select your final answer before moving on. As a computer-adaptive test, the literature guide GMAT not only punishes pacing issues, but can be even more detrimental to those who rush and make careless mistakes in essay prompts the beginning. To wage war against the CAT format, test takers must be careful and essay on being a responsible citizen, methodical in assessing and answering test questions correctly. Bottom line: don’t treat the GMAT like the SAT, or assume that because you did well on the SAT, you will also do so on the GMAT (or, vice versa). Make sure you are aware of the components of the GMAT that are different and where the similarities between the two tests end.
By Ashley Triscuit, a Veritas Prep GMAT instructor based in Boston . GMAT Tip of the Week: Ernie Els, The Masters, and the First Ten GMAT Questions. At this weekend’s The Masters golf tournament, the most notable piece of news isn’t the leaderboard, but rather the guy least likely to get near it. Ernie Els set a record with a nine-stroke, quintuple bogey on his first hole of the tournament, effectively ending his tournament minutes after he began it. And in doing so, he also provided you with some insight into the “First Ten Questions” myth that concerns so many GMAT test-takers. With 18 holes each day for 4 days (Quick mental math!
18?4 is the agree or disagree essay prompts same as 9?8 – halve the first number and double the second to make it a calculation you know well – so that’s 72 holes), any one hole shouldn’t matter. Guide. So why was Els’ first hole such a catastrophe? It forces him to agree or disagree essay prompts, be nearly perfect the rest of the tournament, because he’s playing at such a disadvantage. Meanwhile, Day 1 leader Jordan Spieth shot par (“average”) his first few holes and Rory McElroy, in second place at the end of the better day, bogeyed (one stroke worse than average) a total of agree essay four holes on day one. The leaders were far from perfect themselves – another important lesson for literature, the GMAT – but by avoiding a disastrous start, they allowed themselves plenty of opportunities to make up for mistakes. And that brings us to the GMAT. Everyone makes mistakes on the GMAT, and that often happens regardless of difficulty level.
So if you’re shooting for or disagree prompts, a top score and you miss half of the first ten questions, you have a few problems to contend with. For starters, you have to “get hot” here soon and go on a run of correct answers. Secondly, you now have a lot fewer problems available to go on that hot streak (there are only 27 more Quant or 31 more Verbal questions after the first ten). And finally, the scoring/delivery algorithm doesn’t see you as “elite” yet so the questions are going to piracy, be a little easier and less “valuable,” meaning that you’ll need to “get hot” both to prove to the computer that you belong at the top level and then to demonstrate that you can stay there. That’s the agree or disagree Ernie Els problem – regardless of how good you are, you’re probably going to essay citizen, make mistakes, so when you force yourself to be nearly perfect on the “easier” problems you end up with a tricky standard to agree, live up to. Even if you really should be scoring at the 700-level, you don’t have a 100% probability of answering every 500-level problem correctly. That may well be in the 90%+ range, and maybe your likelihood at the 600 level is cereal book report instructions 75 or 80%. Getting 7, 8, 9 problems right in a row is a tall order as you dig your way out of that hole. So the first 10 problems ARE important, but not because they have that much more power over or disagree essay, the rest of the test – it’s because the more of them you miss, the eyre essay more unrealistically perfect you have to be. The key is to “not blow it” on the first 10, rather than to “do everything you can to get them all right,” which is the mindset that holds back plenty of test-takers. Again take the Masters: the leaderboard on Thursday night is never that close to the leaderboard on Sunday evening.
Very often it’s someone who starts well, but is a few strokes off the lead the first few days, who wins. Agree. The GMAT is similar: a lot can happen from questions 11 through 37 (or 41), so by no means can you celebrate victory a quarter of the way through. Your goal shouldn’t be to be perfect, but rather to on being a responsible, get off to a good start. Getting 7 questions right and having sufficient time to complete the rest of the section is much, much better than getting 9 right but forcing yourself to rush later on. Essentially, as Ernie Els and thousands of GMAT test-takers have learned the hard way, you won’t win it in the first quarter, but you can certainly lose it there. As you budget your time for or disagree essay, the first 10 questions of each section, take a few extra seconds to yale, double-check your work and make sure you’re not making egregious mistakes, but don’t over-invest at or disagree, the expense of the critical problems to come. Use This Tip to Avoid Critical Reasoning Traps on the GMAT. When you’ve been teaching test prep for a while you begin to be able to cereal book report, anticipate the types of questions that will give your students fits.
The reason isn’t necessarily because these questions are unusually hard in a conventional sense, but because embedded within these problems is a form of misdirection that is nearly impossible to resist. It’s often worthwhile to dissect these problems in greater detail to reveal some deeper truths about how the test works. Here is agree essay a problem I knew I’d be asked about often the moment I saw it: W, X, Y, and Z represent distinct digits such that WX * YZ = 1995. Legal. What is the value of W? The first instinct for agree prompts, most students I work with is, “I’m told nothing about W in either statement . Writing Better. There have to be many possibilities, so each statement alone is not sufficient.” When this thought occurs to you during the test, it’s important to resist it. By this, I don’t mean that you should simply assume that you’re wrong – there likely will be times when your first instincts are correct. Agree. Instead, what I mean is that you should take a bit more time to prove your assumptions to yourself.
If there really are many workable scenarios, it won’t take much time to literature, find them. First, whenever there is an unusually large number and we’re dealing with multiplication, we want to take the agree prime factorization of on being a responsible that large number so that we can work with that figure’s basic building blocks and prompts, make it more manageable. In this case, the prime factorization of 1995 is 3 * 5 * 7 * 19. (First we see that five is better legal essays a factor of 1995 because 1995 = 5*399. Next, we see that 3 is a factor of 399, because the agree essay prompts digits of phd thesis 399 sum to a multiple of 3. Now we have 5 * 3 * 133. Last, we know that 133 = 7 * 19, because if there are twenty 7’s in agree or disagree essay 140, there must be nineteen 7’s in 133.) Now we can use these building blocks to bertha eyre essay, form two-digit numbers that multiply to 1995. Here is a list of two-digit numbers we can assemble from those prime factors:
These are our candidates for agree or disagree essay, WX and YZ. There aren’t many possibilities for multiplying two of these two-digit numbers and still getting a product of 1995. In fact, there are only two: 95*21 = 1995 and 35*57 = 1995. But we’re told that each digit must be unique, so 35*57 can’t work, as two of our variables would equal 5. This means that we know, before we even look at the statements, that our two two-digit numbers are 95 and 21 – we just need to book instructions, know which is agree prompts which. It’s possible that WX = 95 and YZ = 21, or WX = 21 and YZ = 95.
That’s it. What at first appeared to be a very open-ended question actually has very few workable solutions. Now that we’ve established our sample space of possibilities, let’s examine the statements: Statement 1: If we know X is prime, we know that WX cannot be 21, as X would be 1 in this scenario and 1 is not a prime number. This means that WX has to be 95, and review, thus we know for a fact that W = 9. This statement alone is or disagree essay prompts sufficient to answer the question. Statement 2: If we know that Z is not prime, we know that YZ cannot be 95, as Z would be 5 in this scenario and essays, 5 is, of or disagree essay prompts course, prime. Thus, YZ is 21 and on being a responsible, WX is 95, and again, we know for agree prompts, a fact that W is 9, so this statement alone is also sufficient. The answer is D, either statement alone is sufficient to answer the question, a result very much at cereal report instructions, odds with most test-taker’s initial instincts.
Takeaway: the GMAT is engineered to wrong-foot test-takers, using our instincts against us. Or Disagree. Rather than simply assuming our instincts are wrong – they won’t always be – we want to be methodical about proving our intuitions one way or another by confirming them in some instances, refuting them in others. By being thorough and methodical, we reduce the odds that we’ll step into one of the traps the question-writer has set for us and increase the odds that we’ll answer the question correctly. By David Goldstein , a Veritas Prep GMAT instructor based in Boston . You can find more articles by him, here . GMAT Tip of the Week: Don’t Be the April Fool with Trap Answers! Today, people across the world are viewing news stories and writing essays, emails with a skeptical eye, on guard to ensure that they don’t get April fooled. Agree Prompts. Your company just released a press release about a new initiative that would dramatically change your workload? Don’t react just yet…it could be an cereal book report, April Fool’s joke. But in case your goal is to leave that job for the greener pastures of business school, anyway, keep that April Fool’s Day spirit with you throughout your GMAT preparation. Read skeptically and beware of the way too tempting, way too easy answer. First let’s talk about how the GMAT “fools” you.
At Veritas Prep we’ve spent years teaching people to “Think Like the Testmaker,” and the only pushback we’ve ever gotten while talking with the testmakers themselves has been, “Hey! We’re not deliberately trying to fool people.” So what are they trying to prompts, do? They’re trying to guide, reward critical thinkers, and by doing so, there need to be traps there for those not thinking as critically. Or Disagree Prompts. And that’s an important way to look at trap answers – the essay trap isn’t set in a “gotcha” fashion to be cruel, but rather to reward the test-taker who sees the too-good-to-be-true answer as an essay, invitation to dig a little deeper and think a little more critically. Bertha In Jane Eyre. One man’s trash is another man’s treasure, and one examinee’s trap answer is another examinee’s opportunity to showcase the reasoning skills that business schools crave. With that in mind, consider an example, and agree essay, try not to get April fooled:
What is the instructions greatest prime factor of or disagree prompts 12!11! + 11!10! ? If you’re like many – more than half of yale university phd thesis respondents in the Veritas Prep Question Bank – you went straight for the April Fool’s answer. And what’s even more worrisome is that most of those test-takers who choose trap answer C don’t spend very long on agree or disagree this problem. Cereal Book. They see that 11 appears in both additive terms, see it in the answer choice, and pick it quickly. Or Disagree Essay. But that’s exactly how the GMAT fools you – the essay trap answers are there for those who don’t dig deeper and think critically. Prompts. If 11 were such an obvious answer, why are 19 and 23 (numbers greater than any value listed in in jane eyre the expanded versions of those factorials 12*11*10*9…) even choices? Who are they fooling with those?
If you get an answer quickly it doesn’t necessarily mean that you’re wrong, but it should at least raise the question, “Am I going for the fool’s answer here?”. Agree Essay. And that should encourage you to put some work in. Here, the operative verb even appears in better legal the question stem – you have to factor the addition into agree essay multiplication, since factors are all about multiplication/division and not addition/subtraction. When you factor out the common 11!: Then factor out the book common 10! (12! is 12*11*10*9*8… so it can be expressed as 12*11*10!): You end up with 11!*10!(133). And that’s where you can check 19 and 23 and see if they’re factors of that giant multiplication problem. And since 133 = 19*7, 19 is the largest prime factor and D is, in fact, the correct answer. So what’s the lesson? When an answer comes a little too quickly to or disagree essay prompts, you or seems a little too obvious, take some time to make sure you’re not going for the trap answer.
Consider this – there are only four real reasons that you’ll see an essays, easy problem in the middle of the GMAT: 1) It’s easy. Agree Or Disagree Essay. The test is adaptive and you’re not doing very well so they’re lobbing you softballs. But don’t fear! This is only one of four reasons so it’s probably not this! 2) Statistically it’s fairly difficult, but it’s just easy to you because it’s something you studied well for, or for which you had a great junior high teacher. You’re just that good.
3) It’s not easy – you’re just falling for review, the trap answer. 4) It’s easy but it’s experimental. Essay Prompts. The GMAT has several problems in each section called “pretest items” that do not count towards your final score. These appear for research purposes (they’re checking to ensure that it’s a valid, bias-free problem and to yale phd thesis, gauge its difficulty), and they appear at random, so even a 780 scorer will likely see a handful of below-average difficulty problems. Look back at that list and consider which are the most important. Agree Or Disagree Prompts. If it’s #1, you’re in trouble and writing, probably cancelling your score or retaking the test anyway.
And for or disagree, #4 it doesn’t matter – that item doesn’t count. So really, the citizen distinction that ultimately matters for your business school future is whether a problem like the example above fits #2 or #3. If you find an answer a lot more quickly than you think you should, use some of that extra time to make sure you haven’t fallen for agree prompts, the trap. Engage those critical thinking skills that the GMAT is, after all, testing, and make sure that you’re not being duped while your competition is cereal book instructions being rewarded. Avoid being the April Fool, and in a not-too-distant September you’ll be starting classes at a great school. GMAT Tip of the agree prompts Week: OJ Simpson’s Defense Team And Critical Reasoning Strategy. If you’re like many people this month, you’re thoroughly enjoying the essay a responsible citizen guilty pleasure that is FX’s series The People v. OJ Simpson . And whether you’re in it to reminisce about the 1990s or for or disagree essay prompts, the wealth of Kardashian family history, one thing remains certain (even though, according to the state of writing California – spoiler alert! – that thing is not OJ’s guilt): Robert Shaprio, Johnnie Cochran, F. Lee Bailey, Alan Dershowitz, and (yes, even) Robert Kardashian can provide you with the ultimate blueprint for GMAT Critical Reasoning success. This past week’s third episode focused on the preparations of the prosecutors and agree prompts, of the defense, and piracy, showcased some crucial differences between success and agree essay, failure on GMAT CR: The prosecution made some classic GMAT CR mistakes, most notably that they went in to the case assuming the truth of their position (that OJ was guilty). On the other hand, the defense took nothing for granted – when they didn’t like the yale phd thesis evidence (the bloody glove, for agree or disagree, example) they looked for cereal, ways that it must be faulty evidence (Mark Fuhrman and agree or disagree essay prompts, the LAPD were racist).
This is how you must approach GMAT Critical Reasoning! The single greatest mistake that examinees make during the yale GMAT is in accepting that the agree prompts argument they’re given is valid – like Marcia Clark, you’re a nice, good-natured person and you’ll give the argument the benefit of the legal essays doubt. But in law and on the GMAT, bullies like Travolta’s Robert Shapiro win the day. The name of the game is “Critical Reasoning” – make sure that you’re being critical . What does that look like on the test? It means: Be Skeptical of agree or disagree prompts Arguments. From the writing legal first word of a Strengthen, Weaken, or Assumption question, you’re reading skeptically, and almost angrily so. You’re not buying this argument and you’re searching for agree prompts, holes immediately. Often times these arguments will actually seem pretty valid (sort of writing legal like, you know, “OJ did it, based on the glove, the or disagree prompts blood in the Brondo, his footprint at the scene, etc.”), but your job is to attack them so you’d better start attacking immediately.
Look for report, Details That Don’t Match. If an argument says, for example, that “the murder rate is down, so the police department must be doing a better job preventing violent crime…” notice that murder is prompts not the same thing as violent crime, and that even if violent crime is down, you don’t have a direct link to the police department being the catalysts for preventing it. This is part of not buying the argument – when the music thesis general flow of or disagree ideas suggests “yes,” make sure that the details do, too. Look for yale phd thesis, Alternative Explanations. Conclusions on or disagree essay the GMAT – like criminal trial “guilty” verdicts – must be true beyond a reasonable doubt. Legal. So even though the premises might make it seem quite likely that a conclusion is agree prompts true, if there is an alternate explanation that’s consistent with the facts but allows for a different conclusion, that conclusion cannot be logically drawn.
This is where the Simpson legal team was so successful: the cereal report instructions evidence was overwhelming in essay its suggestion that Simpson was guilty (as the soon-after civil trial proves), but the defense was able to essay, create just enough suspicion that he could have been framed that the agree prompts jury was able to acquit. So whether you’re appalled or enthralled as you watch The People v. OJ Simpson and the defense team shrewdness it portrays, know that the show has valuable insight for essay, you as you attempt to become a Critical Reasoning master. If you want to keep your GMAT verbal score out of jail, you might want to keep up with one particular Kardashian. GMAT Tip of the Week: Cam Newton’s GMAT Success Strategy. As we head into Super Bowl weekend, the most popular conversation topic in the world is the Carolina Panthers’ quarterback, Cam Newton. Many questions surround him: is he the QB to or disagree prompts, whom the Brady/Manning “Greatest of All Time” torch will be passed? Is this the beginning of a new dynasty? Why do people like/dislike him so much? What the heck is the Dab , anyway? And most commonly: Why is Cam dancing and smiling so much?
The answer? Because smiling may very well be the book secret to success, both in the Super Bowl and on the GMAT. Note: this won’t be the or disagree essay most mathematically tactical GMAT tip post you read, and it’s not something you’ll really be able to thesis, practice on agree Sunday afternoon while you hit the Official Guide for GMAT Review before your Super Bowl party starts. But it may very well be the tip that most impacts your score on test day, because managing stress and optimizing performance are major keys for GMAT examinees. Review. And smiling is a great way to do that. First, there’s science: the act of smiling itself is known to release endorphins , relaxing your mind and giving you a more positive outlook. Prompts. And this happens regardless of whether you’re actually happy or optimistic – you can literally “fake it till you make it” by smiling through a stressful or unpleasant experience.
(Plus there’s the eyre fact that smiling puts OTHER people in a better mood, too, which won’t really help you on the GMAT since it’s you against a computer, but for your b-school and job interviews, a smile can go a long way toward an upbeat experience for essay, both you and the interviewer.) There are plenty of ways to force yourself to smile. One is the obvious: just do it. Write it down on the top of your noteboard in music all caps: SMILE! And force yourself to do it, even when it doesn’t feel natural. But you can also laugh/smile at yourself more naturally: when Question 1 is a permutations problem and you were dreading the idea of a permutations problem, you can laugh at your bad luck but also at the fact that at agree or disagree essay prompts, least you’re getting it over with while you still have plenty of time to recover.
When you blank on a rule and have to guide, test small numbers to prove it, you can laugh at the fact that had you not been so fascinated with the video games on your calculator in middle school you’d know that cold. You can smile when you see a friend’s name in a word problem or a Sentence Correction reference to a place you want to agree or disagree essay prompts, visit someday. And the writing better tactical rationale there: when you can smile in relation to the subject matter on the test, you can remind yourself that, at agree essay, least on some level, you enjoy learning and problem-solving and striving for achievement. The biggest difference between “good test takers” and cereal instructions, “good students, but bad test takers” is in the way that each approaches problems: the latter group says, “I don’t know,” and feels doubt, while the former says, “I don’t know…yet,” and starts from a position of agree or disagree prompts confidence and strength. Then when you apply that confidence and figure out a problem that for a second had you totally stumped, you’ve earned that next smile and the positive energy snowballs. As you watch Cam Newton on Sunday (For you brand management hopefuls, he’ll be playing football between those commercials you’re so excited to see!), pay attention to that megawatt smile that’s been the topic of so much talk radio controversy the last few weeks. Cam smiles because he’s having fun out there, and then that smile leads to on being a responsible citizen, big plays, which is even more fun, and then he’s smiling again. Apply that Cam Newton “smile your way to success” philosophy on test day and maybe you’ll be the next one getting paid hundreds of thousands of dollars to go to school for essay prompts, two years… (We kid, Cam – we kid!)
Why Logic is More Important Than Algebra on the GMAT. One common complaint I get from students is that their algebra skills aren’t where they need to be to review guide, excel on the GMAT. Or Disagree. This complaint, invariably, is followed by a request for essay a responsible citizen, additional algebra drills. If you’ve followed this blog for any length of time, you know that one of the themes we stress is that Quantitative Reasoning is agree essay not, primarily, a math test. Though math is certainly involved – How could it not be? – logic and reasoning are far more important factors than conventional mathematical facility.
I stress this in every class I teach. So why the misconception that we need to bertha eyre, hone our algebra chops? I suspect that the culprit here is the agree explanations that often accompany official GMAC questions. On the whole, they tend to be biased in favor of purely algebraic solutions. They’re always technically correct, but often suboptimal for the test-taker who needs to arrive at bertha in jane eyre, a solution within two minutes. Consequently, many students, after reviewing these solutions and arriving at the conclusion that they would not have been capable of the hairy algebra proffered in the official solution, think they need to work on this aspect of essay their prep. And for the most part it isn’t true.
Here’s a good example: If x, y, and k are positive numbers such that [x/(x+y)]*10 + [y/(x+y)]*20 = k and if x y, which of the following could be the value of k? A large percentage of test-takers see this question, rub their hands together, and dive into the algebra. Review Guide. The solution offered in the Official Guide does the same – it is about fifteen steps, few of them intuitive. Or Disagree Prompts. If you were fortunate enough to possess the algebraic virtuosity to solve the question in this manner, you’d likely chew up 5 or 6 minutes, a disastrous scenario on a test that requires you to average 2 minutes per problem. The upshot is that it’s important for test-takers, when they peruse the bertha in jane essay official solution, not to arrive at the conclusion that they need to agree essay prompts, solve this question the same way the solution-writer did.
Instead, we can use the literature review same simple strategies we’re always preaching on essay prompts this blog: pick some simple numbers. We’re told that xy, but for my first set of literature review guide numbers, I like to make x and y the same value – this way, I can see what effect the restriction has on agree essay prompts the problem. So let’s say x = 1 and university, y = 1. Plugging those values into the equation, we get: (1/2) * 10 + (1/2) * 20 = k. Well, we know this isn’t the answer, because x should be less than y. Or Disagree. So scratch off C. And now let’s see what the in jane effect is when x is, in agree prompts fact, less than y. Say x = 1 and y = 2. On Being A Responsible. Now we get: (1/3) * 10 + (2/3) * 20 = k. 50/3 is about 17. So when we honor the restriction, k becomes larger than 15. The answer therefore must be D or E. Now we could pick another set of numbers and or disagree, pay attention to the trend, or we can employ a bit of review logic and common sense. Or Disagree Prompts. The first term in music piracy the equation x/(x+y)*10 is agree some fraction multiplied by 10.
So this term, logically, is some value that’s less than 10. The second term in the equation is piracy thesis y/(x+y)*20, is some fraction multiplied by 20, this term must be less than 20. If we add a number that’s less than 10 to a number that’s less than 20, we’re pretty clearly not going to or disagree prompts, get a sum of 30. Literature Guide. That leaves us with an answer of 18, or D. (Note that if you’re really savvy, you’ll recognize that the equation is a weighted average. The coefficients in the weighted average are 10 and essay prompts, 20. University Phd Thesis. If x and y were equal, we’d end up at the midway point, 15.
Because 20 is multiplied by y, and y is greater than x, we’ll be pulled towards the high end of the range, leading to a k that must fall between 15 and 20 – only 18 is in that range.) Takeaway: Never take a formal solution to a problem at face value. All you’re seeing is one way to solve a given question. If that approach doesn’t resonate for you, or seems so challenging that your conclusion is that you must purchase a host of agree essay prompts textbooks in order to improve your formal math skills, then you haven’t absorbed what the GMAT is really about. Often, the piracy relevant question isn’t, “Can you do the math?” It’s, “Can you reason your way to the answer without actually doing the math?” *Official Guide question courtesy of the Graduate Management Admissions Council. By David Goldstein , a Veritas Prep GMAT instructor based in Boston . You can find more articles by him here . How to Choose the Right Number for agree or disagree, a GMAT Variable Problem. When you begin studying for the GMAT, you will quickly discover that most of the strategies are, on the surface, fairly simple. On Being A Responsible Citizen. It will not come as a terribly big surprise that selecting numbers and doing arithmetic is often an easier way of attacking a problem than attempting to perform complex algebra. There is, however, a big difference between understanding a strategy in the abstract and having honed that strategy to the point that it can be implemented effectively under pressure. Now, you may be thinking, “How hard can it possibly be to agree, pick numbers?
I see an writing better essays, “x” and I decide x = 5. Not so complicated.” The art is in or disagree essay learning how to pick workable numbers for each question type. Different questions will require different types of literature guide numbers to create a scenario that truly is simpler than the algebra. The harder the or disagree problem, the more finesse that will be required when selecting numbers. Let’s start with a problem that doesn’t require much strategy: If n=4p, where p is prime number greater than 2, how many different positive even divisors does n have, including n? Okay in on being citizen this problem, “p” is a prime number greater than 2. So let’s say p = 3. If n = 4p, and 4p = 4*3 = 12. Prompts. Let’s list out the factors of 12: 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 12. University Phd Thesis. The even factors here are 2, 4, 6, 12.
There are 4 of them. So the answer is C. Agree. Not so bad, right? Just pick the first simple number that pops into your head and you’re off to the races. Report Instructions. Bring on essay prompts the test! If only it were that simple for all questions.
So let’s try a much harder question to illustrate the pitfalls of adhering to an approach that’s overly mechanistic: The volume of writing better water in agree essay a certain tank is x percent greater than it was one week ago. If r percent of the current volume of water in the tank is instructions removed, the prompts resulting volume will be 90 percent of the volume it was one week ago. What is the value of r in university phd thesis terms of x? You’ll notice quickly that if you simply declare that x = 10 and r =20, you may run into trouble. Agree Or Disagree Essay Prompts. Say, for legal, example, that the starting value from one week ago was 100 liters. Or Disagree Essay Prompts. If x = 10, a 10% increase will lead to a responsible citizen, a volume of 110 liters.
If we remove 20% of that 110, we’ll be removing .20*110 = 22 liters, giving us 110-22 = 88 liters. But we’re also told that the or disagree resulting volume is 90% of the original volume! 88 is book instructions not 90% of 100, therefore our numbers aren’t valid. In instances like this, we need to pick some simple starting numbers and then calculate the numbers that will be required to agree or disagree essay, fit the parameters of the question. So again, say the yale volume one week ago was 100 liters. Let’s say that x = 20%, so the volume, after water is added, will be 100 + 20 = 120 liters. We know that once water is removed, the resulting volume will be 90% of the original. Or Disagree. If the yale phd thesis original was 100, the volume, once water is removed, will be 100*.90 = 90 liters. Now, rather than arbitrarily picking an “r”, we’ll calculate it based on the numbers we have. Essay Prompts. To summarize: Start: 100 liters.
After adding water: 120 liters. After removing water: 90 liters. We now need to literature guide, calculate what percent of those 120 liters need to be removed to get down to agree or disagree essay, 90. Yale University Phd Thesis. Using our trusty percent change formula [(Change/Original) * 100] we’ll get (30/120) * 100 = 25%. Thus, when x = 20, r =25. Now all we have to do is substitute “x” with “20” in agree or disagree essay the answer choices until we hit our target of 25.
Remember that in these types of problems, we want to start at the bottom of the answer choice options and work our way up: 100 * (10*20 + 1)/(10*20+10) = 201/210. No need to simplify. There’s no way this equals 25. 100 * (20+10)/(20+100) = 100 * (30/120) = 25. Piracy Thesis. That’s it! We’re done. The correct answer is essay prompts D. Takeaways: Internalizing strategies is the first step in your process of preparing for the GMAT. Once you’ve learned these strategies, you need to bertha in jane essay, practice them in a variety of contexts until you’ve fully absorbed how each strategy needs to be tweaked to or disagree prompts, fit the contours of the question.
In some cases, you can pick a single random number. Other times, there will be multiple variables, so you’ll have to pick one or two numbers to writing better essays, start and then solve for the remaining numbers so that you don’t violate the conditions of the problem. Accept that you may have to essay prompts, make adjustments mid-stream. Your first selection may produce hairy arithmetic. There are no style point on instructions the GMAT, so stay flexible, cultivate back-up plans, and remember that mental agility trumps rote memorization every time.
By David Goldstein , a Veritas Prep GMAT instructor based in Boston . You can find more articles by him here . Quarter Wit, Quarter Wisdom: Cyclicity in GMAT Remainder Questions. Usually, cyclicity cannot help us when dealing with remainders, but in some cases it can. Today we will look at the cases in agree or disagree which it can, and university phd thesis, we will see why it helps us in agree or disagree prompts these cases. First let’s look at a pattern: 20/10 gives us a remainder of 0 (as 20 is exactly divisible by yale university 10) In the case of this pattern, 20 is the closest multiple of 10 that goes completely into all these numbers and you are left with the units digit as the remainder.
Whenever you divide a number by 10, the units digit will be the prompts remainder. Of course, if the units digit of a number is 0, the cereal book remainder will be 0 and that number will be divisible by 10 — but we already know that. So remainder when 467,639 is divided by 10 is 9. The remainder when 100,238 is divided by agree or disagree essay prompts 10 is 8 and essay, so on… Along the same lines, we also know that every number that ends in 0 or 5 is a multiple of agree essay prompts 5 and every multiple of 5 must end in either 0 or 5. Bertha. So if the units digit of a number is 1, it gives a remainder of 1 when divided by 5. Agree Prompts. If the a responsible citizen units digit of a number is 2, it gives a remainder of 2 when divided by agree essay prompts 5. If the units digit of a number is 6, it gives a remainder of 1 when divided by 5 (as it is 1 more than the previous multiple of 5). With this in mind: 20/5 gives a remainder of 0 (as 20 is exactly divisible by 5) 25/5 gives a remainder of 0 (as 25 is exactly divisible by 5) 30/5 gives a remainder of 0 (as 30 is exactly divisible by 5) So the units digit is all that matters when trying to get the remainder of a division by 5 or by 10. Let’s take a few questions now:
What is the remainder when 86^(183) is on being citizen divided by or disagree 10? Here, we need to find the last digit of 86^(183) to music, get the remainder. Whenever the agree units digit is 6, it remains 6 no matter what the citizen positive integer exponent is or disagree essay prompts ( previously discussed in this post ). So the units digit of phd thesis 86^(183) will be 6. So when we divide this by 10, the agree essay prompts remainder will also be 6. What is the remainder when 487^(191) is divided by 5?
Again, when considering division by 5, the units digit can help us. The units digit of 487 is 7. 7 has a cyclicity of 7, 9, 3, 1. Divide 191 by 4 to on being, get a quotient of 47 and agree prompts, a remainder of bertha in jane eyre essay 3. This means that we will have 47 full cycles of “7, 9, 3, 1” and then a new cycle will start and continue until the third term. So the units digit of 487^(191) is 3, and the number would look something like ……………..3. As discussed, the number ……………..0 would be divisible by 5 and ……………..3 would be 3 more, so it will also give a remainder of 3 when divided by 5. Therefore, the remainder of 487^(191) divided by 5 is agree or disagree essay 3. If x is a positive integer, what is the remainder when 488^(6x) is divided by cereal book report instructions 2?
Take a minute to review the agree essay question first. If you start by analyzing the expression 488^(6x), you will waste a lot of time. This is a trick question! The divisor is 2, and a responsible, we know that every even number is divisible by 2, and every odd number gives a remainder 1 when divided by 2. Therefore, we just need to determine whether 488^(6x) is prompts odd or even. 488^(6x) will be even no matter what x is (as long as it is a positive integer), because 488 is even and we know even*even*even……(any number of terms) = even. So 488^(6x) is yale university even and will give remainder 0 when it is divided by 2. That is all for today. We will look at or disagree prompts, some GMAT remainders-cyclicity questions next week! Karishma, a Computer Engineer with a keen interest in alternative Mathematical approaches, has mentored students in yale the continents of Asia, Europe and North America. She teaches the GMAT for Veritas Prep and regularly participates in agree prompts content development projects such as this blog!
Quarter Wit, Quarter Wisdom: Cyclicity of Units Digits on the GMAT (Part 2) As discussed last week, all units digits have a cyclicity of 1 or 2 or 4. Essays. Digits 2, 3, 7 and 8 have a cyclicity of 4, i.e. the units digit repeats itself every 4 digit: Digits 4 and 9 have a cyclicity of 2, i.e. the units digit repeats itself every 2 digits: Digits 0, 1, 5 and 6 have a cyclicity of 1, i.e. the units digit is or disagree 0, 1, 5, or 6 respectively. Now let’s take a look at how to apply these fundamentals: To get the desired units digit here, all we need to worry about is the units digit of the base, which is university phd thesis 3. Remember, our cyclicity of prompts 3 is 3, 9, 7, 1 (four numbers total). We need the units digit of better legal essays 3^(27). How many full cycles of 4 will be there in 27? There will be 6 full cycles because 27 divided by 4 gives 6 as quotient and or disagree essay prompts, 3 will be the remainder.
So after 6 full cycles of 4 are complete, a new cycle will start: 3, 9, 7 (new cycle for remainder of 3) 7 will be the units digit of 3^(27), so 7 will be the units digit of 813^(27). Let’s try another question: To get the literature review desired units digit here, all we need to worry about is the agree or disagree essay units digit of the base, which is essay on being a responsible 4.
Remember, our cyclicity of 4 is 4 and 6 (this time, only agree or disagree essay prompts, 2 numbers). We need the units digit of 24^(1098) – every odd power of 24 will end in 4 and every even power of 24 will end in 6. Since 1098 is bertha in jane eyre essay even, the units digit of 24^(1098) is 6. Not too bad; let’s try something a little harder: Note here that you have 75 raised to power 25 which is further raised to essay, the power of 5. 25^5 is not the same as 25*5 – it is literature guide 25*25*25*25*25 which is far more complicated. However, the simplifying element of or disagree this question is that the literature review guide last digit of the base 75 is 5, so it doesn’t matter what the positive integer exponent is, the last digit of the expression will always be 5. Now let’s take a look at a Data Sufficiency question:
Given that x and y are positive integers, what is the units digit of agree prompts (5*x*y)^(289)? Here there is a new complication – we don’t know what the piracy base is agree or disagree exactly because the base depends on eyre the value of x and y. As such, the real question should be can we figure out the units digit of the agree base? That is all we need to find the units digit of this expression. When 5 is multiplied by an even integer, the product ends in 0. When 5 is university multiplied by an odd integer, the product ends in 5. These are the only two possible cases: The units digit must be either 0 or 5. With Statement 1, we do not know whether y is odd or even, we only know that x is odd. If y is or disagree prompts odd, x*y will be odd. If y is even, x*y will be even. Since we don’t know whether x*y is odd or even, we don’t know whether 5*x*y will end in 5 or 0, so this statement alone is not sufficient. With Statement 2, if y is even, x*y will certainly be even because an cereal instructions, even * any integer will equal an even integer.
Therefore, it doesn’t matter whether x is odd or even – regardless, 5*x*y will be even, hence, it will certainly end in 0. As we know from essay our patterns of cyclicity, 0 has a cyclicity of 1, i.e. no matter what the essay a responsible citizen positive integer exponent, the units digit will be 0. Therefore, this statement alone is sufficient and the answer is agree or disagree B (Statement 2 alone is sufficient but Statement 1 alone is not sufficient). Finally, let’s take a question from on being a responsible our own book: If n and a are positive integers, what is the essay prompts units digit of n^(4a+2) – n^(8a)? We know that the cyclicity of every digit is either 1, 2 or 4. Cereal Book. So to know the units digit of n^ – n^ , we need to know the units digit of n. This will tell us what the cyclicity of n is and what the units digit of each expression will be individually. Statement 1: n = 3. As we know from prompts our patterns of cyclicity, the writing cyclicity of essay prompts 3 is 3, 9, 7, 1. In the exponent, 4a accounts for “a” full cycles of review guide 4, and then a new cycle begins to account for 2. The units digit here will be 9. Again, plugging 3 into or disagree “n”, n^ = 3^ 8a is a multiple of citizen 4, so there will be full cycles of 4 only.
This means the agree or disagree prompts units digit of 3^ will be 1. Plugging these answers back into piracy our equation: n^ – n^ = 9 – 1. The units digit of the agree essay prompts combined expression will be 9 – 1 = 8. Therefore, this statement alone is sufficient. In Statement 2, we are given what the piracy exponents are but not what the value of n, the base, is.
Therefore, this statement alone is not sufficient, and our answer is A (Statement 1 alone is sufficient but Statement 2 alone is not sufficient). Karishma, a Computer Engineer with a keen interest in or disagree prompts alternative Mathematical approaches, has mentored students in the continents of Asia, Europe and North America. She teaches the essay a responsible citizen GMAT for Veritas Prep and regularly participates in prompts content development projects such as this blog! Quarter Wit Quarter Wisdom: Cyclicity of Units Digits on the GMAT. In our algebra book, we have discussed finding and in jane, extrapolating patterns. In this post today, we will look at agree or disagree prompts, the patterns we get with various units digits. The first thing you need to understand is that when we multiply two integers together, the last digit of the result depends only on the last digits of the two integers. Note here: …4 * …2 = …8.
So when we are looking at the units digit of the result of an integer raised to a certain exponent, all we need to worry about essay a responsible, is the or disagree essay prompts units digit of the integer. Let’s look at the pattern when the units digit of a number is 2. Note the units digits. Do you see a pattern? 2, 4, 8, 6, 2, 4, 8, 6, 2, 4 … and so on. So what will 2^11 end with? The pattern tells us that two full cycles of 2-4-8-6 will take us to 2^8, and then a new cycle starts at 2^9. The next digit in guide the pattern will be 8, which will belong to 2^11.
In fact, any integer that ends with 2 and is raised to the power 11 will end in essay 8 because the last digit will depend only on the last digit of the base. So 652^(11) will end in review guide 8, 1896782^(11) will end in 8, and so on… A similar pattern exists for agree or disagree essay, all units digits. Let’s find out what the phd thesis pattern is for the rest of the 9 digits. The pattern here is 3, 9, 7, 1, 3, 9, 7, 1, and agree or disagree essay prompts, so on… The pattern here is 4, 6, 4, 6, 4, 6, and so on… Integers ending in digits 0, 1, 5 or 6 have the same units digit (0, 1, 5 or 6 respectively), whatever the literature positive integer exponent. Essay Prompts. That is: Hope you get the point. 7^4 = …. 1 (Just multiply the last digit of 343 i.e. 3 by another 7 and you get 21 and hence 1 as the units digit)
7^5 = …. 7 (Now multiply 1 from above by 7 to writing, get 7 as the units digit) The pattern here is 7, 9, 3, 1, 7, 9, 3, 1, and so on… The pattern here is 8, 4, 2, 6, 8, 4, 2, 6, and so on… The pattern here is 9, 1, 9, 1, 9, 1, and agree, so on… Summing it all up:
1) Digits 2, 3, 7 and 8 have a cyclicity of 4; i.e. the writing better legal units digit repeats itself every 4 digits. 2) Digits 4 and or disagree prompts, 9 have a cyclicity of writing essays 2; i.e. the units digit repeats itself every 2 digits. 3) Digits 0, 1, 5 and 6 have a cyclicity of agree 1. Karishma, a Computer Engineer with a keen interest in alternative Mathematical approaches, has mentored students in the continents of Asia, Europe and North America. She teaches the GMAT for Veritas Prep and regularly participates in content development projects such as this blog! Is Technology Costing You Your GMAT Score? I recently read Sherry Turkle’s Reclaiming Conversation: The Power of Talk in a Digital Age . While the book isn’t about testing advice, per se, its analysis of the a responsible citizen costs of technology is so comprehensive that the insights are applicable to agree prompts, virtually every aspect of eyre our lives. The book’s core thesis – that our smartphones and tablets are fragmenting our concentration and robbing us of a fundamental part of what it means to be human – isn’t a terribly original one. The difference between Turkle’s work and less effective screeds about the evils of technology is the scope of the research she provides in demonstrating how the overuse of agree prompts our devices is eroding the quality of our education, our personal relationships, and our mental health. What’s amazing is that these costs are, to some extent, quantifiable. Writing Better Legal Essays. Ever wonder what the impact is of having most of our conversations mediated through screens rather than through hoary old things like facial expressions?
College students in the age of smartphones score 40% lower on or disagree essay prompts tests measuring indicators of empathy than college students from a generation ago. In polls, respondents who had access to smartphones by literature review the time they were adolescents reported heightened anxiety about the prospect of face-to-face conversations in agree general. Okay, you say. Disturbing as that is, those findings have to do with interpersonal relationships, not education. Can’t technology be used to enhance the learning environment as well? Though it would be silly to condemn any technology as wholly corrosive, particularly in light of the on being a responsible fact that most schools are making a concerted effort to incorporate laptops and essay prompts, tablets in the classroom, Turkle makes a persuasive case that the overall costs outweigh the benefits. In one study conducted by Pam Mueller and Daniel Oppenheimer, the researchers compared the retention rates of students who took notes on their laptops versus those who took notes by essay citizen hand.
The researchers’ assumption had always been that taking notes on a laptop would be more beneficial, as most of us can type faster than we can write longhand. Or Disagree. Much to their surprise, the students who took notes by hand did significantly better than those who took notes on their laptops when tested on the contents of a lecture a week later. The reason, Mueller and Oppenheimer speculate, is that because the students writing longhand couldn’t transcribe fast enough to record everything, they had to work harder to filter the information they were provided, and this additional cognitive effort allowed them to retain more. The ease of transcription – what we perceive as a benefit of technology – actually proved to be a cost. Even more disturbing, another study indicated that the mere presence of a smartphone – even if the in jane eyre essay phone is essay prompts off – will cause everyone in its presence to retain less of music piracy a lecture, not just the phone’s owner. I’ve been teaching long enough that when I first started, it was basically unheard of for a student’s attention to wander because he’d been distracted by a device.
Smartphones didn’t exist yet. No one brought laptops to class. Agree Or Disagree. Now, if I were to cereal book instructions, take a poll, I’d be surprised if there were a single student in class who didn’t at least glance at agree or disagree prompts, a smartphone during the course of a lesson. One imagines that the university same is agree or disagree prompts true when students are studying on literature guide their own – a phone is prompts nearby, just in case something important comes up. I’d always assumed the book instructions presence of these devices was relatively harmless, but if a phone that’s off can degrade the agree or disagree essay prompts quality of our study sessions, just imagine the impact of a phone that continually pings and buzzes as fresh texts, emails and notifications come in. The GMAT is a four-hour test that requires intense focus and concentration, so anything that hampers our ability to focus is a potential drag on our scores. There’s no easy solution here. I’m certainly not advocating that anyone throw away their smartphone – the fact that certain technology has costs associated with it is hardly a reason to discard that technology altogether. There are plenty of well-documented educational benefits: one can use a long train ride as an opportunity to do practice problems or watch a lecture. We can easily store data that can shed light on where we need to better essays, focus our attention in future study sessions.
So the answer isn’t a draconian one in which we have to dramatically alter our lifestyles. Technology isn’t going anywhere – it’s a question of or disagree essay moderation. Takeaways: No rant about the costs of literature technology is or disagree going to be terribly helpful without an action plan, so here’s what I suggest: Put the devices away in essay class and take notes longhand. Agree Essay Prompts. Whether you’re in a GMAT prep class, or an accounting class in your MBA program, this will benefit both you and your classmates. University Phd Thesis. If you aren’t using your device to essay, study, turn it off, and make sure it’s out of sight when you work . The mere visual presence of a smartphone will cause you to retain less. Give yourself at least 2 hours of device-free time each day. This need not be when you’re studying. It can also be when you’re out to dinner with friends or spending time with family.
In addition to improving your interpersonal relationships, conversation actually makes you smarter. By David Goldstein, a Veritas Prep GMAT instructor based in Boston. Cereal Report Instructions. You can find more articles by him here. What to Do if You’re Struggling with GMAT Solutions. One of the most misleading parts of the whole GMAT experience is the process of reading the solution to agree or disagree essay, a math problem in better legal essays the Quant section. When you try the agree essay prompts problem, you struggle, sweat, and go nowhere; when they explain the problem, they wave a snooty, know-it-all magic wand that clears everything up. But how did they think of that? What can you do to think like them (or barring that, where do they keep that magic wand, and how late do we have to break into their house to be sure they’re asleep when we steal it)? The short answer is that they struggled just like you did, but like anybody else, they wanted to bertha in jane eyre essay, make it look easy. (Think of all the time some people spend preening their LinkedIn or their Instagram: you only ever see the agree or disagree essay flashy corporate name and the glamour shot, never the 5 AM wake up call or the 6 AM look in the mirror.) Solution writers, particularly those who work for the GMAC, never seem to tell you that problem solving is mostly about blundering through a lot of guesswork before hitting upon a pattern, but that’s really what it is. Your willingness to in jane eyre, blunder around until you hit something promising is a huge part of what’s being tested on the GMAT; after all, as depressing as it sounds, that’s basically how life works. Here’s a great example:
I haven’t laid eyes on it in thirty years, but I still remember that the rope ladder to my childhood treehouse had exactly ten rungs. I was a lot shorter then, and a born lummox, so I could only climb the or disagree prompts ladder one or two rungs at a time. I also had more than a touch of childhood OCD, so I had to climb the yale ladder a different way every time. After how many trips up did my OCD prevent me from ever climbing it again? (In other words, how many different ways was I able to climb the ladder?) Just the thought of trying 55 to 89 different permutations of climbing the ladder has my OCD going off like a car alarm, so I’m going to look for agree or disagree essay prompts, an easier way of doing this. It’s a GMAT problem, albeit one on guide the level of a Google interview question, so it must have a simple solution. There has to be a pattern here, or the problem wouldn’t be tested.
Maybe I could find that pattern, or at least get an idea of agree how the a responsible citizen process works, if I tried some shorter ladders. Suppose the ladder had one rung. Or Disagree Essay Prompts. That’d be easy: there’s only one way to climb it. Now suppose the ladder had two rungs. OK, two ways: I could go 0-1 then 1-2, or straight from essay on being 0-2 in a single two step, so there are two ways to agree or disagree essay, climb the ladder. Now suppose that ladder had three rungs.
0-1, 1-2, 2-3 is one way; 0-2, 2-3 is another; 0-1, 1-3 is the third. So the pattern is looking like 1, 2, 3 … ? That can’t be right! Doubt is gnawing at yale university phd thesis, me, but I’m going to give it one last shot. Suppose that the ladder had four rungs. I could do [0-1-2-3-4] or [0-1-3-4] or [0-1-2-4] or [0-2-4] or [0-2-3-4]. So there are five ways to prompts, climb it … wait, that’s it! While I was mucking through the ways to climb my four-rung ladder, I hit upon something. When I take my first step onto the ladder, I either climb one rung or two. Thesis. If I climb one rung, then there are 3 rungs left: in essay prompts other words, I have a 3-rung ladder, which I can climb in 3 ways, as I saw earlier. If my step is a two-rung step instead, then there are 2 rungs left: in cereal other words, a 2-rung ladder, which I can climb in 2 ways. Making sense?
By the same logic, if I want to climb a 5-rung ladder, I can start with one rung, then have a 4-rung ladder to go, or start with two rungs, then have a 3-rung ladder to go. So the number of ways to climb a 5-rung ladder = (the number of ways to agree or disagree essay, climb a 3-rung ladder) + (the number of ways to climb a 4-rung ladder). Aha! My pattern starts 1, 2, 3, so from in jane essay there I can find the number of agree or disagree ways to eyre essay, climb each ladder by agree prompts summing the previous two. This gives me a 1-, 2-, 3-, … rung ladder list of 1, 2, 3, 5, 8, 13, 21, 34, 55, and 89, so a 10-rung ladder would have 89 possible climbing permutations, and we’re done. And the lesson? Much like a kid on a rope ladder, for a GMAT examinee on literature guide an abstract problem there’s often no “one way” to do the problem, at essay prompts, least not one that you can readily identify from the first instant you start. Very often you have to take a few small steps so that in doing so, you learn what the problem is all about. When all else fails in a “big-number” problem, try testing the essay a responsible citizen relationship with small numbers so that you can either find a pattern or learn more about how you can better attack the bigger numbers. Agree Essay. Sometimes your biggest test-day blunder is not allowing yourself to blunder around enough to figure the a responsible problem out. Congratulations: that’s the hardest GMAT problem you’ve solved yet! (And bonus points if you noticed that the answer choices differed by 8, 9, 9, and essay, 8. Guide. I still have OCD, and a terrible sense of humor.)
You Can Do It! How to Work on GMAT Work Problems. Rate questions, so far as I can remember, have been a staple of agree or disagree essay almost every standardized test I’ve ever taken. I recall seeing them on proficiency tests in grade school. They showed up on the SAT. They were on the GRE. Eyre. And, rest assured, dear reader, you will see them on the GMAT. What’s peculiar is that despite the apparent ubiquity of these problems, I never really learned how to do them in school. This is agree essay true for many of my students as well, as they come into my class thinking that they’re just not very good at these kinds of questions, when, in actuality, they’ve just never developed a proper approach. This is doubly true of in jane essay work problems, which are just a kind of or disagree prompts rate problem. When dealing with a complex work question there are typically only two things we need to keep in mind, aside from our standard “rate * time = work” equation.
First, we know that rates are additive. Yale Phd Thesis. If I can do 1 job in 4 hours, my rate is prompts 1/4. If you can do 1 job in 3 hours, your rate is 1/3. Therefore, our combined rate is 1/4 + 1/3, or 7/12. So we can do 7 jobs in 12 hours. The second thing we need to bear in mind is that rate and time have a reciprocal relationship. Writing Essays. If our rate is 7/12, then the time it would take us to complete a job is 12/7 hours. Not so complex. Agree Essay. What’s interesting is that these simple ideas can unlock seemingly complex questions.
Take this official question, for example: Pumps A, B, and C operate at better legal, their respective constant rates. Pumps A and B, operating simultaneously, can fill a certain tank in 6/5 hours; pumps A and C, operating simultaneously, can fill the tank in 3/2 hours; and pumps B and or disagree, C, operating simultaneously, can fill the literature tank in 2 hours. How many hours does it take pumps A, B, and or disagree essay prompts, C, operating simultaneously, to fill the tank. So let’s start by assigning some variables. We’ll call the rate for p ump A, R a. Similarly, we’ll designate the rate for pump B as R b, and the rate for music piracy, pump C as R c.
If the time for A and B together to or disagree, fill the tank is 6/5 hours, then we know that their combined rate is 5/6, because again, time and rate have a reciprocal relationship. So this first piece of in jane essay information yields the following equation: If A and C can fill the tank in 3/2 hours, then, employing identical logic, their combined rate will be 2/3, and we’ll get: Last, if B and C can fill tank in 2 hours, then their combined rate will be ?, and we’ll have: Ultimately, what we want here is the time it would take all three pumps working together to or disagree essay, fill the guide tank. Essay. If we can find the combined rate, or R a + R b + R c , then all we need to on being, do is agree essay prompts take the reciprocal of that number, and book instructions, we’ll have our time to agree or disagree essay, full the pump. Book Instructions. So now, looking at the above equations, how can we get R a + R b + R c on or disagree essay one side of an bertha in jane eyre essay, equation? First, let’s line our equations up vertically: Now, if we sum those equations, we’ll get the following:
Dividing both sides by 2, we’ll get: R a + R b + R c = 1. This tells us that the pumps, all working together can do one tank in one hour. Well, if the rate is or disagree essay 1, and better legal, the time is the reciprocal of the rate, it’s pretty obvious that the time to complete the task is also 1. The answer, therefore, is E. Takeaway: the most persistent myth we have about or disagree, our academic limitations is that we’re simply not good at a certain subset of a responsible citizen problems when, in truth, we just never properly learned how to do this type of question. Like every other topic on the GMAT, rate/work questions can be mastered rapidly with a sound framework and or disagree essay prompts, a little practice. So file away the notion that rates can be added in work questions and yale, that time and rate have a reciprocal relationship. Then do a few practice questions, move on or disagree essay prompts to the next topic, and know that you’re one step closer to mastering the skills that will lead you to your desired GMAT score. *GMATPrep question courtesy of the Graduate Management Admissions Council. By David Goldstein, a Veritas Prep GMAT instructor based in Boston. You can find more articles by him here. You’ve made it.
After months of essay study, mountains of flash cards, and enough time spent on our YouTube channel that you’re starting to feel like Brian Galvin is one of your roommates, you’re at the test center and the GMAT — not the essay or something, but the real GMAT, in all its evil glory, complete with exponents and or disagree prompts, fractions — is about to writing legal essays, begin. Agree Essay. You’re nervous but excited, and cautiously optimistic for the first question: maybe it’ll be something like “What’s (2?)??” or a work rate problem about how long it’d take George Jetson to yale phd thesis, burn down a widget factory. You mostly remember these questions, so you click “Begin”, and this is what you see: A palindrome is a number that reads the same front-to-back as it does back-to-front (e.g. 202, 575, 1991, etc.) p is the smallest integer greater than 200 that is both a prime and or disagree, a palindrome. What is the sum of the digits of p? I don’t know about you, but I’m petrified. I mean, yeah, I know what you’re saying — I’m the bozo who just dreamed up that question — but I don’t know where it came from, and yale, I’m sort of thinking I might need to summon an exorcist, because I must be possessed by a math demon. What does that question even say?
How the heck are we going to solve it? This is agree essay prompts such a common GMAT predicament to be in that I’m willing to bet that 99% of test takers experience it: the review feeling that you don’t even know what the question is saying, and the sense of creeping terror that maybe you don’t know what any of these questions are saying. This is by design, of course. The test writers love these sort of agree or disagree essay prompts “gut check” questions that test your ability to university, calmly unpack and reason out or disagree essay, a cruel and unusual prompt. So many students take themselves out of the game by panicking, but like any GMAT question, once we get past the intimidation factor, the problem is simple at heart. Piracy. Let’s try to model the process.
We’ll start by clarifying our terms. Palindrome, palindrome … what on earth is a palindrome!? Is that some sort of hovercraft where Sarah Palin lives? Where are our flash cards? Maybe we should just go to law school or open a food truck or something, this test is absurd. Wait, the answer is right in front of us, in the very first line! “A palindrome is a number that reads the same back-to-front as it does front-to-back.” Phew, OK, and there are even some examples.
So a palindrome is a number like 101, 111, 121, etc. Alright, got that. And it’s prime … prime, prime … OK, right, that WAS on a flashcard: a prime number is a number with exactly two factors, such as 2, or 3, or 5, or 7. So if we were to make lists of each of these numbers, primes and palindromes, we’d have. Primes: 2, 3, 5, 7, 11, 13, 17, 19, … Palindromes: 101, 111, 121, 131, … and we want the first number that’s greater than 200 that appears on both lists. OK! Now let’s think of or disagree essay where to start. We know our number is greater than 200, so 202 seems promising.
But that can’t be prime: it’s even, so it has at least three factors (1, itself, and bertha in jane, 2). Great! We can skip everything that begins/ends with 2, and prompts, fast forward to 303. That looks prime, but what was it that Brian kept telling us about divisibility by better 3 … ah, yes, test the or disagree essay sum of the digits! 3 + 0 + 3 = 6, and 6 divides by 3, so 303 also divides by 3. Our next candidate is literature review 313. This seems to be our final hurdle: a lot of quick arithmetic.
That’s what the question is testing, after all, right? How quickly can you factor 313? It sure seems that way, but take one last look at the answers. The GMAT tests efficiency as much as anything else, and it has a way of hiding easter eggs for the observant. Our largest answer is 7, and what’s 3+1+3? 7! So this MUST be the answer, and any time spent factoring 313 is wasted time. We made it! In hindsight, that didn’t really feel like a math problem, did it? It was testing our ability to:
1) Remember a definition (“prime”) 2) Actually read the question stem (“a palindrome is…”) 3) Not panic, and try a few numbers (“202”? “303”?) 4) Realize that heavy calculation is for suckers, and or disagree prompts, that the answer might be right in front of us (“check the answers”) So we just had to university phd thesis, remember, actually read the or disagree essay prompts directions, have the courage to music piracy, try something to see where it leads, and essay prompts, look for bertha in jane essay, clues directly around us. I don’t know about or disagree essay, you, but if I were running a business, those are exactly the sort of skills I’d want my employees to have; maybe these test writers are on to something after all! Use Number Lines on yale the GMAT, Not Memory! I’ve written in the past about how the prompts biggest challenge on many GMAT questions is the strain they put on essay on being our working memory. Or Disagree Essay Prompts. Working memory, or our ability to process information that we hold temporarily, is by definition quite limited.
It’s why phone numbers only contain seven digits – any more than that and most people wouldn’t be able to recall them. (Yes, there was a time, in the dark and distant past, when we had to remember phone numbers.) One of the a responsible most simple and effective strategies we can deploy to agree or disagree, combat our working memory limitations is to simply list out the sample space of bertha essay scenarios we’re dealing with. If we were told, for or disagree, example, that x is a prime number less than 20, rather than internalize this information, we can jot down x = 2, 3, 5, 7, 11, 13, 17, or 19. Book Report. The harder and more abstract the question, the essay prompts more necessary such a strategy will prove to be. Take this challenging Data Sufficiency question, for example: On the number line, the distance between x and y is music piracy thesis greater than the distance between x and z. Does z lie between x and y on the number line? The reader is hereby challenged to attempt this exercise in his or her head without inducing some kind of hemorrhage. So, rather than try to conceptualize this problem mentally, let’s start by agree essay actually writing down all the number line configurations that we might have to deal with before even glancing at the statements. We know that x and writing essays, z are closer than x and y. Agree Or Disagree. So we could get the following: Or we can swap x and y to generate a kind of bertha mirror image. The above number lines are the agree or disagree essay prompts only four possibilities given the literature review constraints provided in the question stem.
Now we have something concrete and visual that we can use when evaluating the statements. Statement 1 tells us that the product of the agree or disagree three variables is piracy negative. Essay Prompts. If you’ve internalized your number properties – and on being, we heartily encourage that you do – you know that a product is negative if there are an agree prompts, odd number of negative elements in said product. In this case, that means that either one of the variables is negative, or all three of them are. So let’s use say one of the variables is negative. By placing a 0 strategically, we can use any of our above number lines: Each of these scenarios will satisfy that first statement. But we only need two. In our first number line, z is between x and y, so we get a YES to cereal book report instructions, the question. In our second number line, z is not between x and or disagree essay, y, so we get a NO to the question. Because we can get a YES or a NO to the original question, Statement 1 alone is not sufficient.
Eliminate answer choices A and cereal, D. Statement 2 tells us that the product of x and y is negative. Thus, we know that one of the variables is positive, and one of the variables is negative. Again, we can simply peruse our number lines and select a couple of or disagree prompts examples that satisfy this condition. In our first number line, z is between x and y, so we get a YES to the question. In our third number line, z is not between x and y, so we get a NO to the question.
Like with Statement 1, because we can get a YES or NO to the original question, Statement 2 alone is also not sufficient. Eliminate answer choice B. When testing the statements together, we know two pieces of information. Essay. Statement 1 tells us that either one variable is negative or all three are. Statement 2 tells us that, between x and agree or disagree essay prompts, y, we have one negative and one positive.
Therefore, together, we know that either x or y is negative, and the remaining variables are all positive. Better. Now all we have to do is peruse our sample space and agree prompts, locate these scenarios. It turns out that we can use the same two number lines we used when testing Statement 2: In our first number line, z is between x and y, so we get a YES to the question. In our third number line, z is not between x and y, so we get a NO to the question.
So even together, the statements are not sufficient to essay, answer the question – the correct answer is agree essay E. Takeaway: on the GMAT there’s no reason to strain your brain any more than is necessary. The more concrete you can make the information you’re provided on bertha in jane essay a given question, the more likely it is or disagree that you’ll be able to properly execute whatever math or logic maneuvers you’re asked to perform. *GMATPrep question courtesy of the Graduate Management Admissions Council. By David Goldstein, a Veritas Prep GMAT instructor based in Boston. You can find more articles by him here. GMAT Tip of the Week: Movember and Moving Your GMAT Score Higher.
On this first Friday of November, you may start seeing some peach fuzz sprouts on the upper lips of some of your friends and colleagues. For many around the world, November means Movember, a month dedicated to the hopefully-overlapping Venn Diagram of mustaches and men’s health. Why – other than the fact that this is a GMAT blog – do we mention the Venn Diagram? Because while the bertha in jane eyre Movember Foundation is or disagree essay prompts committed to literature guide, using mustaches as a way to or disagree, increase both awareness of and funding for men’s health issues (in particular prostate and testicular cancer), many young men focus solely on the mustache-growth facet of the month. And “I’m growing a mustache for Movember” without the fundraising follow-through is akin to the following quotes: “I’m growing a mustache for bertha, Movember.” “I’m running a marathon for lymphoma research.” “I’m dumping a bucket of ice water over my head on Facebook.” “I’m taking a GMAT practice test this weekend.”/”I’m going to the library to study for the GMAT.” Now, those are all noble sentiments expressed with great intentions. But another thing they all have in common is that they’re each missing a critical action step in their mission to reach their desired outcome. Growing a mustache does very little to or disagree prompts, prevent or treat prostate cancer. Running a marathon isn’t what furthers scientists’ knowledge of thesis lymphoma. Dumping an ice bucket over your head is more likely to cause pneumonia than to agree essay prompts, cure ALS. And taking a practice test won’t do very much for your GMAT score.
Each of those actions requires a much more thorough and meaningful component. It’s the fundraising behind Movember, Team in Training, and the Ice Bucket Challenge that advances those causes. It’s your effort to use your mustache, sore knees, and better legal essays, Facebook video to encourage friends and family to seek out agree prompts, early diagnosis or to donate to the cause. And it’s the follow-up to university phd thesis, your GMAT practice test or homework session that helps you increase your score. This weekend, well over a thousand practice tests will be taken in or disagree the Veritas Prep system, many by young men a week into writing legal their mustache growth. But the practice tests that are truly valuable will be taken by agree those who follow up on in jane their performance, adding that extra step of action that’s all so critical. They’ll ask themselves: Which mistakes can I keep top-of-mind so that I never make them again?
How could I have budgeted my time better? Which types of problems take the most time with the agree or disagree essay prompts least probability of a right answer, and yale university phd thesis, which types would I always get right if I just took the extra few seconds to double check and really focus? Based on this test, which are the 2-3 content areas/question types that I can markedly improve upon agree or disagree essay, between now and my next practice test? How will I structure this week’s study sessions to directly attack those areas? And then they’ll follow up on bertha eyre what they’ve learned, following the new week’s plan of attack until it’s time to again take the first step (a practice test) with the commitment to take the substantially-more-important follow-up steps that really move the needle toward success. Taking a practice test and growing a Movember mustache are great first steps toward accomplishing noble goals, but in classic Critical Reasoning form, premise alone doesn’t guarantee the conclusion. So make sure you don’t leave the or disagree essay prompts GMAT test center this November with an ineffective mustache and a dismal score – put in guide the hard work that has to accompany that first step, and essay, this can be a Movember to Remember. GMAT® is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council™. The Graduate Management Admission Council™ does not endorse, nor is cereal book instructions it affiliated in any way with the or disagree prompts owner or any content of this web site.
Myers-Briggs® and essays, the Myers-Briggs logo are trademarks or registered trademarks of the Myers Briggs Foundation, Inc., in the United States and other countries. All contents copyright 2001-2017 Veritas, LLC. All rights reserved. GMAT® is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council™.
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10 Top Windows Apps for Writers, Authors, Essays and or disagree Dissertations. Whether you're writing creatively, for work or for your studies, these Windows apps will help you stay organised and on track. Piracy Thesis! Indeed, they're for anybody writing big documents - we all know how things can quickly go off track and it's important to be organised. Agree Or Disagree Prompts! So these free downloads for writers will certainly help you - click the link in each to download the software. Enjoy! Every writer needs a good word processor for at least some tasks, and LibreOffice has one of the in jane, best free offerings around. Prompts! Auto-completion, auto-formatting and the spell checker work as you write, delivering great results with minimal hassle. If you need a little more then it's easy to extend your document with embedded images, footnotes and endnotes, indexes, bibliographies and more. It's straightforward to writing essays, export your work as a PDF file, ready to share with others.
And this is agree essay all presented in a familiar, Word 2007-style interface. You'll feel at home right away. Writing Legal Essays! TheSage is agree or disagree essay prompts a very powerful dictionary and thesaurus and cereal book instructions a stack of agree or disagree prompts useful features. For example, a one-click lookup in most applicatons will get you a definition, an example sentence, a pronuciation guide (with matching audio to hear it spoken out loud), and phd thesis any synonyms, hypernyms, hyponyms and meronyms. You don't know how to spell a word? No problem, TheSage will offer Google-like alternatives if you get something wrong. All your searches are stored in a history list for easy reference later. There's also an anagram solver. And the program can even run web searches on your term at agree prompts, Wikipedia, Wiktionary and Google.
Ideal for e-book authors, Sigil is a capable EPUB editor with a stack of essential features. If you're new to book, e-books then you'll appreciate the WSIWYG Book view, for instance, which works much like any other editor. But experienced users can fine tune their project by agree prompts, directly tweaking EPUB code. A powerful search tool helps you to update text and formatting; tools to create a table of contents and index give your project a professional touch; and the bundled FlightCrew EPUB validator checks that your book conforms to the EPUB standards. TreeSheets is an interesting note-taking program which takes an unusual approach to organising your ideas. It works a little like a spreadsheet, but each cell can contain lots of data, images, formatted text and more. So you might have a list of items, each of which contains contains further tables and images, creating something like an outliner tool with an extra dimension. The TreeSheets interface is a little unconventional, and that will put plenty of people off.
If you like the essay on being, basic idea, though, it's well worth persevering, as once you've mastered the basics the program is a great way to or disagree, record and arrange your thoughts. You've busy on an important project, and need to look something up. Cereal Book Instructions! You turn to the web, of course - but your internet connection is down. So now what? If you've installed and set up Kiwix beforehand then this doesn't have to be a disaster. That's because the program allows you to download huge amounts of content - like all the text of Wikipedia pages (though no images) - for viewing offline. You'll need to be patient at first, because these are big downloads (5-10GB).
And they're only updated every year or so. But the files will also be easily accessible, whatever the state of your internet connection, and essay prompts that could be really useful. Yale! Storybook is a versatile tool which aims to help you properly structure a novel, screenplay or other complex written work. Agree Or Disagree Prompts! You'll start by writing better, creating strands, one for agree or disagree each plotline. These have multiple scenes, telling your story. Each scene will be set in bertha, a defined location, with your choice of agree or disagree characters or items. And you can add, edit or rearrange any of this whenever you like. Better Legal! While this sounds like a lot of work, it does help you to visualise and better understand your story. It's easy to discover and agree essay fix problems. And the option to organise your scenes into chapters should help when you move on to writing the book.
Fully understanding your topic is a vital part of any writing project, and that's where wikidPad can help. The program is a personal wiki, an interesting offline tool which helps you to music piracy thesis, link your ideas, and it's surprisingly easy to use. If you've just realised Steven Spielberg has to be covered in your piece, for agree or disagree essay instance, just type his name as one word, in mixed case - StevenSpielberg - and wikidPad will automatically turn your word into a link. Double-click this link at any time to create a Spielberg page, then repeat the process elsewhere to quickly build your own document outline. Yale! The program can do much more, too - download it and see for yourself. (Please note, though, if you get an error message when launching the agree or disagree, program then you should try running it as an report administrator.) Most editors have a cluttered interface, packed with buttons and toolbars - but FocusWriter is different. Launch it and or disagree essay prompts the program gets rid of all distractions by clearing the screen entirely, so you can concentrate on your writing. Move your mouse cursor to the top of the screen, though, and in jane menus appear with the usual editing basics: text formatting, search and replace, alignment, indents, spell check and essay prompts so on. Extra options include the ability to set yourself a daily goal (work for yale an hour, say, or write a certain number of words), while the program status bar shows you how close you are to achieving this. If you need real editing power, then, FocusWriter won't be for you. But if you just need to write, and will sort out or disagree essay, all the layout complexities later, its distraction-free approach could help. Review Guide! (Q10 is another good example, while Writer is an online equivalent.) YWriter5 is a small but very comprehensive tool which helps you to plan your novel.
Set up your various deadlines, for instance, and the program's Work Schedule report will let you know how much you'll have to do, each day, to finish on agree or disagree time. Enter your characters, locations and writing items and you can freely organise them into or disagree prompts scenes. Put these in better legal essays, the right order and you'll have a basic outline for the book, but you're still free to change anything you like. So you can move a scene back a chapter, drop one character, add someone else, whatever you like. And if you decide you're going in the wrong direction, no problem - yWriter5 keeps all your previous scenes, and you can review or restore them as required. If there's one essential research and note tool for writers (and everyone else, really), it has to be Evernote. The program allows you to agree essay, create detailed notes, with formatting and literature review images, and save them to your online account. Or Disagree Essay! You can also record web content: URLs, a snippet of citizen text, a full page. Agree Or Disagree Essay! And it's just as easy to include images and attach files. Evernote runs on just about every platform there is - Windows, Mac, iPad, iPhone, Android, Blackberry, Windows Phone and more - and bertha in jane eyre can be used from a browser for everyone else. You can even share your notes with others, perfect if you're collaborating on a big project.
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You Can Prevent Colorectal Cancer. Get the facts about screening. Learn More. What to Expect During a Colonscopy. Follow a patient's first-hand experience in this. educational video Watch Video. Promote Colorectal Cancer Awareness. Download, print, and post graphics on agree or disagree essay prompts social media to raise colorectal cancer awareness. Download Now. Removal of a pre-cancerous polyp Watch Video. Know the latest facts about the guide number 2 cancer killer in the United States.
Assess your risks. Know your screening options. Agree Prompts. Learn why training and experience of the book report instructions endoscopist are vital to a thorough colonoscopy. Watch a video. Listen to a Podcast. Get the answers to your most pressing colonoscopy questions. ACG Colorectal Cancer Awareness Graphics. This infographic illustrates in a powerful, easy to agree or disagree essay, understand way, the risks of colorectal cancer and the impact of getting screened.
Don't take a gamble on your health. This infographic is based on an important statistic from the American Cancer Society: Of the 50,830 people expected to die of colon cancer in 2013, screening (or use of music piracy thesis early detection tests) could have saved more than half of them. View infographic. Shared Goal: Reaching 80% Screened for Colorectal Cancer by 2018. ACG supports the National Colorectal Cancer Roundtable’s (NCCRT) new initiative “80% by 2018.” With the American Cancer Society and NCCRT, we are working toward the agree or disagree shared goal of reaching 80% of university phd thesis eligible adults screened for colorectal cancer by agree essay prompts, 2018.
Find a doctor. Compared with other ethnic groups, African-Americans are diagnosed with colorectal cancer at a younger age and piracy those with colorectal cancer have decreased survival. ACG recommends African Americans begin screening at agree or disagree prompts age 45. Literature. Learn more. Audio Podcasts: ACG Experts Answer Your Most Common Questions. Colorectal Cancer Screening: Navigating the Options. Not sure what screening test is right for you? Dr. Mark B. Pochapin offers insights on agree or disagree prompts colorectal cancer prevention and detection tests and describes ACG guidelines and recommendations to help patients make sense of their options. Family History, Lynch Syndrome and Other Colorectal Cancer Risk Factors.
Dr. Carol A. Burke and her patient Anita, who has Lynch Syndrome, share their insight on CRC risk factors, like family history, and the life-saving importance of instructions screening-whether or not you have symptoms. Listen Now. Colorectal Cancer and African Americans: Don't be Afraid to Live. Dr.
Fritz Francois explains the special concerns for African Americans and why screening should begain at age 45. Prompts. His patient, Vincent, shares his experience with colonoscopy and yale offers advice to those who are apprehensive about this potentially life-saving test. Listen Now. Colorectal (large bowel) cancer is agree, a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the inner lining of the colon or rectum. Together, the colon and rectum make up the large bowel or large intestine. The large intestine is the last segment of the digestive system (the esophagus, stomach, and small intestine are the first three sections). The large bowel's main job is to reabsorb water from the contents of the intestine so that solid waste can be expelled into the toilet. The first several feet of the large intestine is the colon and the last 6 inches is the rectum. Most colon and rectal cancers originate from benign wart-like growths on the inner lining of the colon or rectum called polyps.
Not all polyps have the music potential to agree, transform into cancer. Those that do have the potential are called adenomas. It takes more than 10 years in music thesis, most cases for an adenoma to develop into or disagree, cancer. Better. This is why some colon cancer prevention tests are effective even if done at essay prompts 10-year intervals. This 10-year interval is too long, in some cases, such as in persons with ulcerative colitis or Crohn's colitis, and in music thesis, persons with a strong family history of colorectal cancer or adenomas.
Colorectal cancer is the third leading cause of agree prompts cancer-related deaths in the United States when men and women are considered separately, and the second leading cause when both sexes are combined. It is expected to cause about literature review, 50,310 deaths during 2014. Excluding skin cancers, colorectal cancer is the third most common cancer diagnosed in both men and women in the United States. The American Cancer Society's estimates for the number of colorectal cancer cases in the United States for 2014 are: 96,830 new cases of agree essay colon cancer 40,000 new cases of rectal cancer. Source: American Cancer Society, Cancer Facts Figures 2014. What are the Colorectal Cancer screening options? Talk to your doctor about what colorectal screening tests are right for you.
Guidelines from the American College of Gastroenterology distinguish between colorectal cancer prevention tests and colorectal cancer detection tests. According to ACG, prevention tests are preferred over yale detection tests. Preferred Colorectal Cancer Prevention Test: Colonoscopy. Colonoscopy every 10 years is the preferred colorectal cancer prevention test. For normal risk individuals, the American College of Gastroenterology recommends colonoscopy beginning at age 50, and age 45 for African Americans. Preferred Cancer Detection Test: Fecal Immunochemical Test (FIT) Annual fecal immunochemical testing is the preferred colorectal cancer detection test. FIT is a relatively new test that detects hidden blood in essay prompts, the stool. Eyre. If results are positive, a colonoscopy is performed.
CT Colonography every 5 years. CT Colonography is an X-ray designed to look for colon polyps and or disagree cancers. CTC every 5 years is an alternative to colonoscopy for patients who decline colonoscopy. If polyps are detected, a regular colonoscopy is required to remove these pre-cancerous growths. While CTC is good at detecting polyps larger than 1 centimeter in size, CTC is not equivalent to colonoscopy because it is unreliable at detecting smaller polyps, which constitute 80 percent of growths in the colon. Flexible Sigmoidoscopy every 5 to 10 years. Annual Hemoccult ® Sensa ® Fecal DNA Testing every 3 Years. Most early colorectal cancers produce no symptoms.
This is cereal report, why screening for colorectal cancer is agree, so important. Symptoms of colorectal cancer vary depending on the location of the cancer within the colon or rectum, though there may be no symptoms at all. The prognosis tends to be worse in on being a responsible citizen, symptomatic as compared to essay prompts, asymptomatic individuals. The most common presenting symptom of colorectal cancer is rectal bleeding. Cancers arising from the citizen left side of the colon generally cause bleeding, or in their late stages may cause constipation, abdominal pain, and obstructive symptoms. On the other hand, right-sided colon lesions may produce vague abdominal aching, but are unlikely to present with obstruction or altered bowel habit. Other symptoms such as weakness, weight loss, or anemia resulting from chronic blood loss may accompany cancer of the agree right side of the colon. You should promptly see your doctor when you experience any of these symptoms. Remember to promptly see your doctor if you experience any of these symptoms: New onset of abdominal pain Blood in or on the stool A change in stool caliber or shape A change in typical bowel habits, constipation, diarrhea.
Adenomas can grow for years and music piracy thesis transform into agree, cancer without producing any symptoms. By the time symptoms develop, it is often too late to cure the yale phd thesis cancer, because it may have spread. Screening identifies cancers earlier and actually results in agree or disagree, cancer prevention when it leads to removal of adenomas (pre-cancerous polyps). The cause of colorectal cancer in most cases is unclear. However, most colorectal cancers develop from polyps, which are abnormal growths in the colon. Cereal Book Instructions. If polyps grow unnoticed and are not removed, they may become cancerous. Screening tests can find precancerous polyps so they can be removed before they turn into agree or disagree essay, cancer.
The development of bertha more than 75-90 percent of agree essay colorectal cancer can be avoided through early detection and review removal of pre-cancerous polyps. Everyone age 50 and older . The average age to develop colorectal cancer is 70 years, and 93% of cases occur in persons 50 years of age or older. Current recommendations are to agree essay, begin screening at music age 50 if there are no risk factors other than age for colorectal cancers. A person whose only risk factor is their age is said to be at average risk. Men and women Men tend to get colorectal cancer at an earlier age than women, but women live longer so they 'catch up' with men and thus the total number of cases in men and women is equal. Anyone with a family history of colorectal cancer . If a person has a history of two or more first-degree relatives (parent, sibling, or child) with colorectal cancer, or any first-degree relatives diagnosed under age 60, the prompts overall colorectal cancer risk is three to six times higher than that of the general population. For those with one first-degree relative diagnosed with colorectal cancer at age 60 or older, there is an approximate two times greater risk of colon cancer than that observed in the general population. Special screening programs are used for those with a family history of colorectal cancer. A well-documented family history of adenomas is also an important risk factor.
Anyone with a personal history of colorectal cancer or adenomas at any age, or cancer of guide endometrium (uterus) or ovary diagnosed before age 50. Persons who have had colorectal cancer or adenomas removed are at agree essay prompts increased risk of developing additional adenomas or cancers. Writing Legal. Women diagnosed with uterine or ovarian cancer before age 50 are at increased risk of agree or disagree essay prompts colorectal cancer. These groups should be checked by colonoscopy at regular intervals, usually every 3 to 5 years. Woman with a personal history of breast cancer have only a very slight increase in risk of colorectal cancer. African Americans are diagnosed with colorectal cancer at a younger age than other ethnic groups, and yale university African Americans with colorectal cancer have decreased survival compared with other ethnic groups. Guidelines from the American College of Gastroenterology recommend that African Americans begin colorectal cancer screening at age 45 rather than 50 years.
Data support the recommendation that African Americans should begin screening at a younger age because of the higher incidence of agree or disagree prompts colorectal cancer and better essays a greater prevalence of proximal or right-sided polyps and cancer in this population. The strategy for reducing colorectal cancer deaths is simple—CRC screening. For normal risk individuals, screening tests begin at age 50 and the preferred approach is a screening colonoscopy every 10 years; an alternate strategy consists of annual stool test for blood and a flexible sigmoidoscopic exam every 3 to 5 years. African Americans should begin colorectal cancer screening at age 45 rather than 50 years. Colonoscopic surveillance (also called screening colonoscopy) needs to be available at more frequent intervals for individuals at high risk for colon cancer (for instance, those with a personal history of colorectal cancer or adenomatous polyps; family history of colorectal cancer; non-hereditary polyposis; colorectal cancer; or a pre-disposing condition such as inflammatory bowel disease. (Medicare provides for surveillance colonoscopy no more frequently than once every two years for those at essay high risk.) For both average and high risk individuals, all potential pre-cancerous polyps must be removed. Recent observations suggest regular use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs or aspirin, reduce the chances of book report colorectal cancer death by 30-50%. Agree Or Disagree. These drugs also have risks, particularly intestinal bleeding, and patients should consult their physician as to yale university phd thesis, whether regular use of these agents is appropriate.
Folate, calcium, and post-menopausal estrogens each have a modest protective benefit against colon cancer. A high fiber (vegetables) and low fat diet, regular exercise, maintenance of normal body weight and cessation of smoking are also beneficial. None of the measures is as effective as or should replace colorectal cancer screening. Colorectal Cancer Screening Options. Talk to your doctor about what colorectal screening tests are right for you. Guidelines from the or disagree prompts American College of Gastroenterology distinguish between colorectal cancer prevention tests and colorectal cancer detection tests. According to ACG, prevention tests are preferred over detection tests. Preferred Colorectal Cancer Prevention Test: Colonoscopy. Colonoscopy every 10 years is the preferred colorectal cancer prevention test. For normal risk individuals, the American College of Gastroenterology recommends colonoscopy beginning at bertha age 50, and age 45 for African Americans.
Preferred Cancer Detection Test: Fecal Immunochemical Test (FIT) Annual fecal immunochemical testing is the preferred colorectal cancer detection test. FIT is a relatively new test that detects hidden blood in agree essay, the stool. Review Guide. If results are positive, a colonoscopy is performed. CT Colonography every 5 years. CT Colonography is an X-ray designed to look for colon polyps and cancers. CTC every 5 years is an alternative to colonoscopy for agree essay, patients who decline colonoscopy. If polyps are detected, a regular colonoscopy is required to remove these pre-cancerous growths.
While CTC is cereal report instructions, good at detecting polyps larger than 1 centimeter in size, CTC is essay prompts, not equivalent to colonoscopy because it is unreliable at detecting smaller polyps, which constitute 80 percent of growths in essay a responsible citizen, the colon. Flexible Sigmoidoscopy every 5 to 10 years. Annual Hemoccult ® Sensa ® Fecal DNA Testing every 3 Years. Please see National Cancer Institute resource pages: Colonoscopy is a procedure which enables a physician (usually a gastroenterologist) to directly image and agree examine the entire colon. It is effective in piracy thesis, the diagnosis and/or evaluation of various GI disorders (e.g. colon polyps, colon cancer, diverticulosis, inflammatory bowel disease, bleeding, change in bowel habits, abdominal pain, obstruction and abnormal x-rays or CT scans) as well as in providing therapy (for example, removal of polyps or control of bleeding).
It is also used for screening for colon cancer. A key advantage of this technique is that it allows both imaging of abnormal findings and also therapy or removal of or disagree these lesions during the same examination. This procedure is bertha eyre essay, particularly helpful for identification and removal of precancerous polyps. A colonoscope is a flexible and steerable instrument to agree or disagree, evaluate the entire colon (large intestine). The large intestine is approximately 3 – 4 feet long. A colonoscope is writing better legal, engineered such that biopsies of suspicious areas can be obtained, and agree polyps (which may turn into cancer) can be removed.
Your lifetime risk (defined as life to 85 years old) is approximately 6% (male or female). Your risk is roughly doubled if one (1) first degree relative (parent, sibling or child) had colon cancer or polyps after age 50, and is higher if the cancer or polyps were diagnosed at university phd thesis a younger age or if more members of agree your family are affected. Bertha In Jane. Certain inherited disorders, for agree or disagree prompts, example, polyposis syndromes and hereditary non-polyposis colorectal cancer, can increase your risk of in jane essay developing colon cancer, but those are rare. Other important risk factors include obesity, cigarette smoking, inflammatory conditions in the colon such as Crohn’s, colitis and agree essay ulcerative colitis, and excessive alcohol consumption. Your doctor is in the best position to yale phd thesis, discuss whether your personal or family history suggests one of those conditions. Yes.
Colonoscopy accomplishes this by detecting and removing polyps, and detecting early cancers. Recent data show that both the number of new cases of colon cancer (incidence) and or disagree prompts deaths from the disease are decreased when colonoscopy is performed according to established guidelines (see Question 11). The most common reason patients cite for not getting a colonoscopy is that their doctor did not discuss it with them. The next most common reason is fear or avoidance of the preparation (“prep”), which involves taking a laxative which causes temporary diarrhea for several hours. In addition, many people are simply unaware that they need colon cancer screening. This is an important obstacle in the eyes of many patients to getting a colonoscopy, but it need not be! There are a variety of preparation methods for colonoscopy ranging from liquids (of varying quantity) with or without enemas, to pills, which rid your colon of feces. Review. A clean colon is agree or disagree, essential to allow for a careful examination for polyps or other abnormalities. Literature Guide. Your doctor can discuss and prescribe the most appropriate preparation method for you, taking into account various factors such as your age, personal preferences, kidney function and physical stamina. The most popular preparation used for agree essay, colonoscopy involves drinking a volume of yale university solution of polyethylene glycol (PEG). Prompts. This solution causes a diarrhea that effectively rids the colon of its contents.
Various fruit flavors are available and patients have several hours to writing better legal, drink it. Usually a patient will have clear liquids the day of the preparation (day before the colonoscopy) and agree or disagree prompts then take half of the better essays prep in the late afternoon or that evening. The other half is done approximately 5 hours before coming in for the test the following day. Patients are encouraged to drink a lot of fluids and to continue clear liquids up until 2 hours before their scheduled procedure. Before going to bed, many doctors also prescribe a laxative pill (e.g. Dulcolax®) that helps with the evacuation process. Smaller volumes of solution (e.g.
MoviPrep®, HalfLytely®) or pill preparations (e.g. Or Disagree. OsmoPrep®) have also recently become available with similarly good outcomes to on being citizen, PEG for people who dread the thought of large volumes of liquid. Another preparation involves a phosphate solution (called Fleet® Phospho-soda) which consists of two (2) rounds of phosphate rich liquid of 45ml each the night before and day of the exam. It is essential to drink at least 2 quarts of agree or disagree water with these preps to replace losses. Alternatively, a phosphate tablet preparation of about 30 pills is available and is also very effective for colon cleansing and is preferred by some patients. This preparation also requires that you drink at least 2 quarts of water to replace losses. Phospho-soda® prep should be avoided in cereal book instructions, patients with significant heart or kidney problems, in elderly patients who have difficulty maintaining hydration and with caution in patients with significant liver problems. The best method of colonic preparation should be discussed with the gastroenterologist so that a method that suits the patient’s preference may be selected. No, colonoscopy is usually not painful!
Almost all colonoscopies can be performed using “intravenous sedation” or “twilight sedation” in which you are very drowsy, but comfortable and still breathing on your own. Prompts. The most common type of sedation also has a mild amnesiac effect, so most patients do not even remember the procedure! Your doctor can discuss with you the best form of sedation to suit your needs. Medicare (and most third party payers) will pay for colonoscopy for colon cancer screening, thanks to the hard work of advocacy groups and the efforts of national organizations such as the on being a responsible citizen American College of Gastroenterology (ACG). Regrettably, a recent study showed a low compliance rate for essay prompts, screening (less than 30%) among Medicare patients.
Yes, but potential complications are associated with virtually every form of testing done in medicine. Eyre. Clearly, colonoscopy has been found to be extremely safe when performed by a well trained physician such as a gastroenterologist. Although quite rare, most complications are related to sedation administration (cardiac and respiratory problems); the colon may also become partially torn (perforated) and this may require surgery. Rarely, bleeding from or disagree prompts, polyp removal or from the procedure itself may require additional treatment such as hospitalization and/or blood transfusions. As one reads about these procedures, the reader should weigh these low risks against in jane essay the far more frequent complication of developing colon cancer if appropriate testing is NOT done. If you have no colorectal symptoms, family history of colon cancer, polyps or inflammatory bowel disease you should have your first exam at agree age 50 whether you are a man or a woman since colon cancer affects both EQUALLY! Recent evidence suggests that African Americans should begin screening earlier at the age of 45. If one or more first degree relative (parent, sibling or child) has had a precancerous polyp or colon cancer, the general guideline is to begin colon cancer screening 10 years younger than the youngest age of the family member with colon cancer, or age 40, whichever is younger.
There are additional guidelines for literature review, suspected or confirmed rare syndromes, and you should discuss these options with your doctor. For patients with ulcerative colitis involving the entire colon and patients with Crohn’s disease, screening for agree prompts, colon cancer should begin 8 – 10 years after the initial diagnosis is made. Questions and Answers about Quality in Colonoscopy. Although colonoscopy has been available in essay a responsible citizen, clinical practice for or disagree essay, more than 40 years, only in the past 15 years has awareness developed that the success of colonoscopy in preventing colorectal cancer and minimizing complications is very dependent on the skill and competence of the in jane essay colonoscopist. Colonoscopists differ substantially in the number of or disagree precancerous polyps they detect during colonoscopy and in how often they perform colonoscopy in response to both normal and abnormal findings. Awareness of these differences led the U.S. Multisociety Task Force on Colorectal Cancer in citizen, 2002, as well as a joint task force of experts from the American College of Gastroenterology and American Society of agree essay Gastrointestinal Endoscopy in piracy thesis, 2006, to or disagree prompts, propose quality indicators that colonoscopists can use to measure how effectively and safely they perform colonoscopy. Obviously, patients have an interest in better essays, undergoing the agree prompts most effective and safe colonoscopy possible, and achieving these goals requires a colonoscopist who is committed to high quality. Studies have shown average performance of colonoscopy by gastroenterologists to be superior to that of primary care physicians in three different areas of colonoscopy performance. First, three population-based studies have found that gastroenterologists performing colonoscopy are less likely to miss colorectal cancer than are primary care physicians who perform colonoscopy. This may reflect the music piracy thesis more extensive training that gastroenterologists receive in or disagree essay, this procedure and their higher volumes of colonoscopy in practice.
Second, gastroenterologists’ patients are less likely to literature guide, incur serious complications during colonoscopy, such as perforation or making a hole in prompts, the colon, compared to essay on being citizen, primary care physicians. Essay Prompts. Third, gastroenterologists are less likely than both primary care physicians and general surgeons to perform colonoscopy at intervals that are considered too short according to current guidelines. Whether this difference reflects a lack of confidence among primary care physicians and review guide general surgeons in the quality of their colonoscopy or lack of awareness of current guidelines is unknown. Even though gastroenterologists have on average the or disagree highest level of training and their examinations have been shown on average to be superior to primary care physicians, there is considerable variation among gastroenterologists in their detection rates of precancerous polyps. Literature Review Guide. Therefore, it is essential that every colonoscopist, regardless of essay prompts specialty, makes measurements to establish that their examinations are effective. It is very reasonable and appropriate for patients to ask questions of their colonoscopist about whether quality measurements are being made and their results. The measurement that best reflects how carefully colonoscopy is performed is a doctor’s adenoma detection rate. This rate is defined as the percentage of a responsible patients age 50 and agree or disagree prompts older undergoing screening colonoscopy, who have one or more precancerous polyps detected. Guide. This rate should be at least 25% in men and 15% in women. A secondary measure of careful examination is that doctors should have an average withdrawal time of at agree essay least six minutes.
The withdrawal time is the time it takes to remove the scope from the guide colon. This interval is important because this is the phase of colonoscopy when most doctors actually examine the agree prompts colon systematically for music thesis, polyps. It is perfectly reasonable to expect doctors to have measured their adenoma detection rate and to record their withdrawal time. Agree Essay Prompts. It is also reasonable to legal essays, ask for a copy of the colonoscopy report that documents that the colonoscope was advanced to agree or disagree essay prompts, the very beginning of the colon and piracy thesis that the landmarks of that portion of the colon (called the cecum) have been documented by notation in agree essay, the report and by photography. Colonoscopy is a video examination of the colon.
The video camera and the colonoscope, like any other video camera, cannot see through solids. Therefore, the colon must be thoroughly cleansed to review, provide the agree or disagree doctor the review guide best opportunity possible for a thorough and detailed examination.Be sure to pick up and read your written bowel preparation instructions at least several days before your colonoscopy. Go over the instructions and make sure you have all of the materials needed to complete the preparation.The most effective bowel preparations involve split dosing of the laxatives, in which half of the preparation is taken on the morning of the examination, usually 4 to 5 hours before the time of the or disagree essay scheduled colonoscopy, and completed at least 2 to 3 hours before that time. If you are scheduled at yale university phd thesis 7 or 8 in the morning, this will mean getting up very early to take the second half of the preparation. If the agree prompts instructions call for split dosing, do not alter the timing of the essays doses.
It is worth the inconvenience of agree or disagree essay getting up in music, the middle of the agree night to on being a responsible, make sure that you have a very effective preparation. The timing of the or disagree essay second dose in writing legal essays, relationship to the colonoscopy is critical. If too long an interval is allowed between the end of the second half of the preparation and the timing of the colonoscopy, mucus and secretions will come out or disagree of the small intestine and stick to phd thesis, the cecum and right colon. To ensure an effective and or disagree essay prompts safe colonoscopic examination, find a well-trained colonoscopist who is committed to making quality measurements. It is fair to essay a responsible citizen, ask the colonoscopist to be sure to do a slow and agree or disagree essay careful examination and to provide a copy of the report that documents and photographs the complete extent of examination. Take the bowel preparation instructions seriously. Pick up the written instructions early, read them early, and follow them carefully. When colonoscopy is done carefully and with an effective preparation, it is yale phd thesis, a very powerful cancer prevention technique. Your Doctor has Ordered a Colonoscopy: What Questions Should You Ask? A Gastroenterologist is a specialist in agree or disagree essay prompts, gastrointestinal diseases and has received special training in colonoscopy.
Gastroenterologists perform more colonoscopies by far than any other specialty. Non-gastroenterologists are five times more likely to miss colorectal cancer during colonoscopy than Gastroenterologists. 1. 1 Rex DK, Rahmani E, Haseman JH, et al. Cereal Book Report. Relative sensitivity of colonoscopy and agree barium enema. Proper training in colonoscopy is necessary not only to increase the chance that the procedure can be completed and any necessary treatments applied, but also to music piracy, be sure that abnormal results can be properly interpreted. The American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy recommends that persons performing colonoscopy complete a fellowship program in gastroenterology or receive training in colonoscopy during a surgical residency. How many perforations has the or disagree prompts doctor had?
Many Gastroenterologists have performed many thousands of colonoscopies. A colonoscopist should know the rate at which their procedures have been associated with a perforation or making a hole in the colon. Literature. This rate should certainly be below 1 in agree or disagree essay, 500 examinations and many experts have rates of perforation well below 1 in 1000. Experienced colonoscopists reach the very beginning of the large intestine (the cecum) in more than 90% of cases and in more than 95% of patients who are undergoing screening. Screening is the process of checking people who have no symptoms for colon polyps and cancer. Persons performing colonoscopy must be trained in the removal of polyps. Although even Gastroenterologists may refer a patient with a large polyp to essay, a special expert in the removal of or disagree polyps, a trained colonoscopist can remove the overwhelming majority of routine polyps. A Gastroenterologist is a physician with dedicated training management of on being a responsible diseases of the gastrointestinal tract and liver. Gastroenterology is the study of the normal function and diseases of the esophagus, stomach, small intestine, colon and rectum, pancreas, gallbladder, bile ducts and liver. Or Disagree. It involves a detailed understanding of the normal action (physiology) of the university phd thesis gastrointestinal organs including the movement of material through the stomach and intestine (motility), the digestion and absorption of nutrients into the body, removal of waste from the system, and the function of the liver as a digestive organ.
It includes common and important conditions such as colon polyps and cancer, hepatitis, gastroesophageal reflux (heartburn), peptic ulcer disease, colitis, gallbladder and biliary tract disease, nutritional problems, Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS), and or disagree essay pancreatitis. In essence, all normal activity and disease of the digestive organs is part of the study of Gastroenterology. A Gastroenterologist must first complete a three-year Internal Medicine residency and is then eligible for additional specialized training (fellowship) in Gastroenterology. This fellowship is generally 2-3 years long so by the time Gastroenterologists have completed their training, they have had 5-6 years of additional specialized education following medical school. Gastroenterology fellowship training is an book, intense, rigorous program where future Gastroenterologists learn directly from nationally recognized experts in the field and develop a detailed understanding of gastrointestinal diseases. Agree. They learn how to evaluate patients with gastrointestinal complaints, treat a broad range of yale phd thesis conditions, and provide recommendations to maintain health and prevent disease. They learn to agree or disagree, care for eyre, patients in the office as well as in the hospital. Gastroenterologists also receive dedicated training in endoscopy (upper endoscopy, sigmoidoscopy, and agree or disagree essay prompts colonoscopy) by expert instructors. Endoscopy is the use of narrow, flexible lighted tubes with built-in video cameras, to visualize the inside of the intestinal tract. This specialized training includes detailed and intensive study of how and when to bertha essay, perform endoscopy, optimal methods to complete these tests safely and effectively, and the use of sedating medications to agree prompts, ensure the comfort and safety of patients. In Jane Eyre Essay. Gastroenterology trainees also learn how to perform advanced endoscopic procedures such as polypectomy (removalof colon polyps), esophageal and agree intestinal dilation (stretching of narrowed areas), and hemostasis (injection or cautery to stop bleeding).
Importantly, Gastroenterologists learn how to properly interpret the findings and biopsy results of these studies in bertha, order to make appropriate recommendations to treat conditions and/or prevent cancer. Some Gastroenterologists also receive directed training in advanced procedures using endoscopes such as endoscopic biliary examination (endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography or ERCP), removal of tumors without surgery (endoscopic mucosal resection or EMR), placement of essay internal drainage tubes (stents) and endoscopic ultrasound (EUS). This provides them with the training necessary to book instructions, non-surgically remove stones in the bile ducts, evaluate and treat tumors of the gastrointestinal tract and liver, and or disagree essay provide minimally invasive alternatives to surgery for some patients. The most critical emphasis during the training period is attention to detail and incorporation of their comprehensive knowledge of the entire gastrointestinal tract to provide the highest quality endoscopy and consultative services. The final product is a highly trained specialist with a unique combination of broad scientific knowledge, general Internal Medicine training, superior endoscopic skills and experience, and the ability to bertha eyre essay, integrate these elements to provide optimal health care for or disagree essay prompts, patients. This advanced fellowship training is overseen by national societies committed to ensuring high quality and uniform education.
These groups include the American Board of Internal Medicine, the piracy American College of Gastroenterology, the American Gastroenterological Association, and the American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy. These groups carefully scrutinize the educational experience of or disagree each program to yale, ensure that every Gastroenterology trainee receives the highest quality training. Once fellows successfully complete their training they are considered “Board Eligible.” They are then qualified to take the Gastroenterology board certification test administered by the American Board of Internal Medicine. Once they have successfully completed this examination they are “Board Certified.” Some Gastroenterologists receive special recognition from national societies when they demonstrate extraordinary achievement in research, teaching, or other unique service to the field of agree essay prompts Gastroenterology. The American College of Gastroenterology and the American College of guide Physicians designate such physicians as “Fellows” and the suffixes FACG and FACP are added to denote these honors. This means that these physicians have fulfilled the respective organizations’ rigorous requirements to or disagree prompts, gain this added distinction. The unique training that Gastroenterologists complete provides them with the ability to provide high quality, comprehensive care for patients with a wide variety of gastrointestinal ailments. Piracy Thesis. Gastroenterologists perform the bulk of research involving gastrointestinal endoscopic procedures as well as the interpretation of results, and are considered experts in the field. Studies have shown that Gastroenterologists perform higher quality colonoscopy examinations and comprehensive consultative services when compared to other physicians.
This translates into more accurate detection of polyps and cancer by colonoscopy when performed by Gastroenterologists, fewer complications from procedures and or disagree fewer days in the hospital for many gastrointestinal conditions managed by trained gastroenterology specialists. It is this ability to provide more complete, accurate, and literature guide thorough care for patients with gastrointestinal conditions, which distinguishes Gastroenterologists from other physicians that provide some similar services. Colorectal Cancer Awareness Audio QA Podcast Series. ACG continues its Colorectal Cancer Awareness QA Podcast Series this year featuring a more informal discussion format with physician experts answering some of the most common questions about colorectal cancer. New this year—two of the podcasts also feature patients and or disagree essay provide a more in-depth look at the risk factors related to colorectal cancer, including family history, Lynch Syndrome, and the special concerns of African Americans. Cereal Book Report Instructions. A third podcast helps make sense of conflicting media reports about the various screening options with the latest expert insight so you can gain a better understanding of the benefits and limitations of each test—and decide with your doctor which test is right for you or loved one. Previous podcasts include common questions about colorectal cancer screening, what to expect during colonoscopy and how to get the highest quality exam. Learn why colonoscopy is ACG’s preferred screening strategy, how to decipher fact from essay, fiction when it comes to bowel preps, and more, from ACG physicians in these insightful audio QAs. Colonoscopy Bowel Prep—Myths Realities - Jack A. Di Palma, MD, FACG.
Colorectal Cancer Risk Factors Screening - Carol A. Burke, MD, FACG. Colorectal Cancer Screening Options - Douglas K. Rex, MD, FACG. Colorectal Cancer Screening: Navigating the Options - Mark B. Pochapin, MD, FACG. Colorectal Cancer and African Americans - Fritz Francois, MD, MSc, FACG. Early Accurate Detection of report Colon Polyps: Impact on Survival - Roy K.H. Wong, MD, FACG. Family History, Lynch Syndrome and Other Colorectal Cancer Risk Factors - Carol A. Burke, MD, FACG. How to Ensure You Get a Quality Colorectal Exam - David A. Johnson, MD, FACG.
Importance of Colorectal Cancer Screening - Philip O. Agree Or Disagree Essay. Katz, MD, FACG. Risk Factors Recommendations for university, African Americans - A. Steven McIntosh, MD, FACG. What to Expect from agree essay prompts, Colonoscopy - Immanuel K.H. Ho, MD, FACG. Find an ACG member gastroenterologist with a specialized interest in liver disease.
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How to write the perfect SAP CV: Top 10 tips and agree or disagree prompts, SAP CV sample template. Writing an effective SAP CV is an essential foundation for building a successful SAP career. When being considered for a new SAP employment opportunity your curriculum vitae is normally the first thing an employer uses to decide if you are suitable for the SAP position on offer, so it is no surprise that the music candidates who write the best SAP CVs are those who are invited for or disagree essay prompts interviews and writing better, who ultimately get hired. Writing a great SAP CV is the agree or disagree essay prompts first step in the race for an SAP job; those with a poor CV will rarely even make it past the first hurdle. In Jane Eyre Essay! With the agree or disagree prompts SAP market becoming saturated and competition increasing, having an SAP resume that stands out is now more important than ever. When writing anything, the most important thing to keep in essay on being a responsible, mind is the audience you are writing for. With an SAP resume, the or disagree prompts chances are high that the cereal person who reads your CV at the start of most recruitment processes will be an SAP recruiter.
As an SAP recruitment agent with over 10 years’ experience, who has personally placed over 700 SAP Consultants in SAP roles, I’d estimate that I have probably read over 100,000 SAP CVs in my time, so I have a pretty good idea of what makes a top SAP CV. I’m going to offer an agree essay prompts, honest insider’s perspective into how most SAP recruiters actually read your SAP CV…let’s consider that on a busy day an SAP recruiter might have to review recruit for three SAP vacancies, and may receive up to 50 applications for each position. Will they read 150 CVs word for word, end to end? Of course not. The honest reality is agree prompts that most recruiters (myself included) probably spend 30 seconds skim reading each CV and perhaps another 30 seconds crudely using the CTRL-F feature to search the CV for some other keywords. University! Bearing this in or disagree essay prompts, mind, along with other SAP recruiter insiders’ perspectives, I’m going to provide my advice on university how to write the or disagree essay perfect SAP CV. Below are my top 10 tips for a successful SAP CV and yale university phd thesis, an SAP CV example / SAP CV sample template:
1 – Optimise your SAP CV so that it can be quickly and essay, clearly digested when skim-read. It is very likely that the first round of screening (often by an SAP recruiter) will involve someone quickly glancing over your CV. Therefore the best tip I can give you when writing your SAP CV is to make sure that it is optimised to writing essays be read in this way. To do this you need to ensure that the or disagree essay prompts key information in your SAP CV stands out. Yale University! In my opinion the thing that should stand out the agree or disagree essay most in your SAP CV is your job title. At the very beginning of writing better your CV, your job title should be clearly and boldly mentioned e.g. SAP HANA Consultant, so that it obvious at a glance what you do; it should leap off the page. Your job title should then be mentioned as a clear and agree essay, bold heading at the top of every job position / SAP project description that you mention throughout your CV. By doing this simple thing, the cereal book reader will be able to quickly and agree or disagree, clearly understand what you do, where you have done it, and how many projects you have done it on. Book Instructions! You’d be surprised at or disagree essay prompts, how many SAP consultants there are who don’t do this in their CVs.
This same principle should also be applied to other key information from your CV. Underlining, bullet points, bold text, coloured text and header text can all be used to emphasise key information within your CV. 2 – Make the cereal book instructions first impression count. The first impression is always the most important one. Therefore, the first page on your CV is the most important page. It should be the page that you spend the most time perfecting.
I have read many SAP CVs where the first page has been so poor and given off such bad signals that I have rejected the candidate without even making it to the second page! The first page should contain a summarised version of all key information that you are trying to essay get across to the reader; it should be perfectly presented and engage the reader. Think carefully about the opening sentence, is that really the most important thing you want to say to a potential employer? Because it should be! Think of the first page of your CV as the eyre essay shop window, people are much more likely to come into agree or disagree essay prompts your shop and buy if they like the look of yale university phd thesis what you have displayed in your window.
3 – Ensure your SAP CV has the right structure and order. A logical and effective structure is essential for writing a good SAP CV. Whilst people have different opinions and personal preferences, in my opinion an agree essay prompts, SAP CV should be set out university with the or disagree essay following sections in the following order: Document Title: Curriculum Vitae, CV, Resume, Profile etc. are all fine (this is down to regional and personal preference). Basic details: Full Name, job title, nationality (plus details of any other working permissions held), Date of birth (optional), marital status (optional), address, photo (optional), contact number, email address, languages spoken (and proficiency). Profile Summary: This should be a concise section that briefly tells the writing essays reader who you are and or disagree, what you do. It should mention information such as your job title / preferred position and give an overview of in jane eyre your key SAP skills.
For an SAP CV, it is good to mention things like the SAP modules / SAP submodules that you specialise in, for example: “SAP CO Consultant specialised in SAP CO-PC (Product Costing)”. You should also mention details such as the essay number of full end-to-end SAP implementation lifecycles you have been involved in and how many SAP roll out projects you have participated in etc. to give the yale university phd thesis reader an instant indication of agree or disagree essay your level of experience. Essay! You should talk about agree, personal strengths and unique selling points, and a summary of your key results and achievements. This is the first opportunity to differentiate yourself and inject a personal touch to your CV. Keep it short and sharp, almost like a bullet point list of your profile highlights. Skills Summary: This could be a table or a bullet-pointed list of your key skills including details of report instructions all SAP modules and sub-modules that you have, SAP configuration (customising) experience in: SAP FI-GL, SAP FI-AP, SAP FI-AR, SAP CO-PA, SAP CO-PC for or disagree essay prompts example, together with an indication of yale your level of agree or disagree essay experience or years of experience in each area.
It should also include details of bertha eyre other useful SAP-related experience that you may have e.g. LSWM, IDoc etc. and details related to project management or SAP Implementation methodology experience e.g. Prince 2, Agile, ASAP, SAP Solution Manager. It is or disagree essay prompts also good to review guide indicate your relevant certifications here. Work Experience: You should always list your work experience in chronological order (most recent SAP project first).
Each work experience segment should clearly display the basic key details: Start Date, End Date, Job title, Client Name, Brief Project Description, Key Activities and Results achieved. Education / Training Courses / Certifications: For a senior SAP Consultant, this section just needs to be brief and contain a list of the basic key details. In addition to mentioning your SAP certifications here, it is agree essay also good to mention them within the skills summary section on cereal the first page too. Agree Essay Prompts! For a junior consultant / intern looking to bertha in jane eyre essay enhance their SAP career, this section is more important and more detail can be given to describe experiences within your education / training which are relevant to your intended SAP career. References: Again this is a matter of opinion, but personally I think that including two short written references in your SAP CV can certainly add something; a 3-4 line reference quotation, followed by the name, job title and company of the referee (only do so with prior consent from the referee). Having a good written reference already included in your CV can help you stand out, especially if it is from someone senior at a large, well-known SAP client. I wouldn’t include their contact details in agree essay, the CV however, I recommend holding this back just for yale phd thesis those who you want to contact them. Alternatively, you could include a URL / link to your LinkedIn references section here instead.
Writing “references available upon request” is agree really just a waste of space in my opinion and it is better not to even have this section if you choose to do that. Interests: Providing details of review guide your personal interests isn’t the most important component of agree a CV, but it could still contribute to the reader’s overall opinion/decision on music thesis your CV. Agree Prompts! A word of essay a responsible warning, what you choose to reveal here could possibly count against essay prompts, you without you ever realising, for literature review guide example: innocently revealing that you are an active and passionate member of Greenpeace or an Animal rights charity may count against agree essay prompts, you if applying for a position with a Pharmaceutical or cosmetics company (where animal testing is involved), as they may deem this as a security risk. Mentioning that you love extensive, extended travel and take five holidays every single year might put off an employer who has a busy SAP project with tight deadlines and essay, now assumes you’ll want to go away for 6 weeks in the summer, right in or disagree essay prompts, the middle of a busy project milestone. On the piracy thesis other hand, describing your interests could also work in your favour: talking about SAP-related interests may add to your CV: being an active member of an SAP user group, writing SAP blogs, articles or books for example. Mentioning personal interests that the person who is hiring also happens to share by coincidence might also count in your favour. Agree Essay Prompts! Revealing a rare or interesting hobby may add to the perception of your personality that comes across from the CV, not too rare or interesting though… mentioning taxidermy might creep some people out. 4 – Make sure you mention the thesis SAP Key Words throughout the CV. As mentioned above, most SAP recruiters will only agree or disagree, skim-read your CV and quickly search it for keywords. You therefore need to think carefully about which keywords are most important in relation to music piracy the SAP jobs you are applying for and ensure that as well as making them stand out, you also mention these keywords as often as possible. Prompts! If I am searching for an SAP SuccessFactors Learning Management System specialist for piracy thesis example, I would normally check the document for some specific keywords using the Ctrl-F search function.
I would check for “SuccessFactors” and “Learning Management System” and or disagree essay, see how many times each of cereal report instructions these was mentioned. The important thing to note here is to also mention synonyms of these keywords in your CV as much as possible too, for or disagree essay prompts example SuccessFactors is also referred to as SFSF (in its abbreviated form), as is Learning Management System to LMS. Piracy Thesis! It is or disagree prompts therefore important to have these variations well-represented in your CV. A lazy SAP recruiter, or perhaps one not familiar with the phd thesis variations of names/abbreviations etc., could even dismiss your CV, simply because they don’t find the keywords they think they should be looking for! i.e. you might have LMS mentioned 100 times in agree or disagree, your CV, but you haven’t mentioned “Learning Management System” once, a recruiter who doesn’t think/know to check for this could accidentally rule you out, so it is best to ensure all critical keywords, as well as possible variations of piracy thesis these, are well-represented in or disagree essay prompts, your CV. It is similar to SEO (search engine optimisation), but for review your CV and the lazy readers, rather than Google. 5 – Be prepared to adjust your CV slightly for each specific SAP vacancy. If your SAP recruitment agent asks you to agree or disagree prompts adjust or tweak your CV for a particular position, be open to this. You don’t have to re-write the entire CV, but simply making a few changes to tailor the CV for the specific position you are applying for could make a huge difference. Never lie or exaggerate on your CV, what I am referring to here is cereal book instructions more about emphasising certain specific experiences that are particularly relevant for the SAP job you are applying for at the time.
6 – Make sure your CV is the right length. There is no fixed rule about the correct length for a CV as the length will depend on many factors. Essay Prompts! In general your CV should be as short and to-the-point as possible, whilst being long enough to contain all of the important information a potential employer may want to know. You’ll read a lot of generic articles telling you that your CV should only be 1-2 pages long, but in my opinion this does not apply to an SAP CV, an SAP CV is different as you need to go into more technical detail and clearly outline the exact SAP modules, SAP submodule, SAP-related tools, methodologies etc. that you have experience with. Writing Better Legal! You also need to go into agree essay enough detail about the essays nature of the SAP projects you have been involved in and your specific responsibilities within these projects. Keep in mind that your SAP profile should be an or disagree essay, overview and not a lengthy memoir. If you are someone who can’t control the volume of text when writing in book report, prose, then perhaps consider using concise bullet-pointed text wherever possible, to help you keep control of the agree essay overall length. Cereal! An SAP CV is prompts there to form the basis for guiding an interview conversation and not there to replace it.
7-Make sure your CV has a professional look. The content is of course the most important factor when writing an SAP resume, however you’d be surprised at how many SAP CVs I’ve seen with decent content which have been ruined by the aesthetic presentation. Choose a sensible and professional font. Its fine to on being go with something slightly different, but Times New Roman is or disagree certainly overused. Fonts such as Arial, Calibri, Candara, Georgia, Tahoma, Trebuchet MS or Verdana would be fine. I would avoid fonts like Berlin Sans FB, Comic Sans, Courier new and Vijaya. In my opinion a fairly conservative colour scheme is bertha essay best, classic black text is tried and tested, so I’m always bewildered when SAP Consultants send me rainbow coloured CVs. Agree! If you want to emphasise or differentiate certain areas or headers using different colour text, using one or two additional colours is more than enough. Personally, I prefer conservative options such as blue or grey for these parts, but it is a matter of personal taste. Subtly and sparingly using some brighter coloured text for headers/titles can also work, especially if you’re trying to integrate the writing better main colour from your company logo/branding into the CV.
8- Make sure your CV is essay prompts saved in piracy, the right format! I would recommend providing your CV to SAP recruiters in or disagree prompts, MS Word (.doc or .docx) format where possible, making sure the file isn’t password protected or locked for editing. As an alternative you could provide your CV as a PDF file, however PDFs cannot be edited unless the recruiter has the Adobe Acrobat MS Word converter (which many don’t). Even in cases where PDF is converted to MS Word, it is often troublesome to edit or reformat. You might be thinking to yourself that you’d prefer for your CV not to literature review be changed by anyone else so this is agree or disagree essay a good thing, but in most cases this will do you more harm than good: An SAP recruiter should never change the real content of your CV without asking your permission, and any decent recruiter would never do this. However, a recruiter may want to make some superficial changes to your CV to improve the presentation for example and having a non-editable file prevents this. The recruiter might need to convert CVs into a certain format, or insert a client-specific coversheet on the front page of the CV (which is a mandatory requirement for some client’s recruitment processes). Essay On Being! The recruiter may be required by the client to submit CVs without logos only, or they may wish to remove your direct contact details from the essay CV before submitting it to a client. Preventing the recruiter from having the cereal report CV the way they need it will ultimately slow down your application and agree or disagree essay, may even mean you miss out on an opportunity because of it.
For those who are limited to PDF files, I would suggest removing any logo and music thesis, contact details from your CV when sending it to a recruiter (ensure you provide your contact details within the email you send them though, so they can still reach you!). Occasionally I receive SAP CVs in Powerpoint or other even stranger CV file formats. Agree Or Disagree Essay! I don’t understand why people do this, and certainly wouldn’t recommend doing so! 9- Always have an updated SAP CV ready – Speed is key! Writing the perfect SAP CV is of no use if you don’t have it with you when it is needed. Make sure you have access to a copy of your CV at better essays, all times, you never know where or when you might need it. Similarly, you need to make sure that you constantly keep it updated. Being away on or disagree holiday and only having a copy of your CV on your home desktop could cause you to miss out on the SAP career opportunity of a lifetime, or having to music piracy thesis delay your application by 24 hours while you update your CV may also cause you to miss out.
10- Get someone else to check over or disagree essay, your CV! Your Curriculum Vitae is a reflection of you, it should be logically ordered, consistent, well presented and without errors. Nothing would put me off more than an writing better, ABAP developer who’s CV was full of typos! No matter how perfect you think your SAP CV is, always get a fresh pair of eyes to look over it. Have it proofread for spelling errors and grammar by a fellow SAP colleague, a professional proof-reader or perhaps your favourite SAP recruiter.
So now you’ve read my top ten tips, giving my best, most honest advice, you’re ready to write the perfect SAP CV. I wish you the best of luck with writing it and or disagree prompts, hope to place you in your next SAP position myself when your new CV is ready.